How to format your references using the Accident Analysis and Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accident Analysis and Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, K., 2006. Crunch time for New Jersey lab. Nature 440 7088 , 1111.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simonson, A.B., Lake, J.A., 2002. The transorientation hypothesis for codon recognition during protein synthesis. Nature 416 6878 , 281–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Capraro, V., Jordan, J.J., Rand, D.G., 2014. Heuristics guide the implementation of social preferences in one-shot Prisoner’s Dilemma experiments. Sci. Rep. 4, 6790.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lohmann, K.J., Cain, S.D., Dodge, S.A., Lohmann, C.M., 2001. Regional magnetic fields as navigational markers for sea turtles. Science 294 5541 , 364–366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Andrea, A., Sjogren, J., 2013. Veterinary Technician’s Large Animal Daily Reference Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Payan, Y. (Ed.), 2012. Soft Tissue Biomechanical Modeling for Computer Assisted Surgery, Studies in Mechanobiology, Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Crescenzi, R., Rodríguez-Pose, A., 2011. Knowledge Flows and Their Spatial Extent, in: Rodríguez-Pose, A. (Ed.), Innovation and Regional Growth in the European Union, Advances in Spatial Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 75–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accident Analysis and Prevention.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. Jaguar Tastes The Hallucinogenic Effects Of Yage [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Social Security Needs To Better Plan, Develop, and Implement Its Major ADP Systems Redesign Projects (No. HRD-81-47). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fine, J.G., 2017. Magical Transformation or Illusion of Grandeur: The Development of Downtown West Palm Beach, 1985-2015 (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Seelye, K.Q., Blinder, A., Bidgood, J., 2017. Counterprotesters Surge Into Boston, Overshadowing a Planned Rally. New York Times A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kleiner, 2006; Simonson and Lake, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simonson and Lake, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lohmann et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAccident Analysis and Prevention
AbbreviationAccid. Anal. Prev.
ISSN (print)0001-4575
ISSN (online)1879-2057
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles