How to format your references using the Accident Analysis and Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accident Analysis and Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghigo, J.M., 2001. Natural conjugative plasmids induce bacterial biofilm development. Nature 412 6845 , 442–445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Indriolo, E., Goring, D.R., 2010. Plant science. Pollen gets more complex. Science 330 6005 , 767–768.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sinclair, A.R.E., Mduma, S., Brashares, J.S., 2003. Patterns of predation in a diverse predator-prey system. Nature 425 6955 , 288–290.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Greenleaf, W.J., Frieda, K.L., Foster, D.A.N., Woodside, M.T., Block, S.M., 2008. Direct observation of hierarchical folding in single riboswitch aptamers. Science 319 5863 , 630–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, J.C., McCormick, N.J., 2011. Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vidal, R., 2016. Generalized Principal Component Analysis, Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanstedt, P., 2014. The Generalist, in: Zepeda, K.P., Mayock, E. (Eds.), Forging a Rewarding Career in the Humanities: Advice for Academics. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accident Analysis and Prevention.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. All Of Feynman’s Lectures Now Available Online Completely Free [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL’s-lectures-now-available-online-completely-free/ (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Cost Increases Trigger Review and Place Program’s Direction on Hold (No. GAO-06-573T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lovejoy, L.P., 2010. On the control of selective attention in the primate superior colliculus (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J., Isaac, M., 2016. Counting Views Is Not as Easy as 1, 2, 3. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ghigo, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ghigo, 2001; Indriolo and Goring, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Indriolo and Goring, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Greenleaf et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAccident Analysis and Prevention
AbbreviationAccid. Anal. Prev.
ISSN (print)0001-4575
ISSN (online)1879-2057
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles