How to format your references using the Accident Analysis and Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accident Analysis and Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peik, E., 2005. Physics. Logical spectroscopy. Science 309 5735 , 710–711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buluta, I., Nori, F., 2009. Quantum simulators. Science 326 5949 , 108–111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barry, L., Craig, G.C., Thuburn, J., 2002. Poleward heat transport by the atmospheric heat engine. Nature 415 6873 , 774–777.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schulz, O., Diebold, S.S., Chen, M., Näslund, T.I., Nolte, M.A., Alexopoulou, L., Azuma, Y.-T., Flavell, R.A., Liljeström, P., Reis e Sousa, C., 2005. Toll-like receptor 3 promotes cross-priming to virus-infected cells. Nature 433 7028 , 887–892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheringer, M., 2002. Persistence and Spatial Range of Environmental Chemicals. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Krogstie, J., Kautz, K., Allen, D. (Eds.), 2005. Mobile Information Systems II: IFIP International Working Conference on Mobile Information Systems, (MOBIS) Leeds, UK, December 6–7, 2005, IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Barreto, P.S., de Carvalho, P.H.P., Oliveira, R.D., Ceppo, M.P., 2008. Network Planning and Adaptive Routing for Multimedia Traffic, in: Ma, Y., Choi, D., Ata, S. (Eds.), Challenges for Next Generation Network Operations and Service Management: 11th Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium, APNOMS 2008, Beijing, China, October 22-24, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accident Analysis and Prevention.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. New Initiative To Save 50 Coral Reefs From Extinction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Customs Service Modernization: Architecture Must Be Complete and Enforced to Effectively Build and Maintain Systems (No. AIMD-98-70). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilbert, S.A., 2017. Succession Planning Relating to the Millennial Generation in Private Four-Year Universities (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., 2007. The Zoning Policy That Worked Too Well. New York Times C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Buluta and Nori, 2009; Peik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buluta and Nori, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Schulz et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAccident Analysis and Prevention
AbbreviationAccid. Anal. Prev.
ISSN (print)0001-4575
ISSN (online)1879-2057
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles