How to format your references using the Accident Analysis and Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accident Analysis and Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A., 2000. U.S. SPACE SCIENCE: Earmarks, Rising Costs Threaten NASA Missions. Science 289 5487 , 2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedersen, V.K., Egholm, D.L., 2013. Glaciations in response to climate variations preconditioned by evolving topography. Nature 493 7431 , 206–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gürerk, O., Irlenbusch, B., Rockenbach, B., 2006. The competitive advantage of sanctioning institutions. Science 312 5770 , 108–111.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Malajovich, I., Berry, J.J., Samarth, N., Awschalom, D.D., 2001. Persistent sourcing of coherent spins for multifunctional semiconductor spintronics. Nature 411 6839 , 770–772.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maji, P., Pal, S.K., 2012. Rough-Fuzzy Pattern Recognition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schrogl, K.-U., Pagkratis, S., Baranes, B. (Eds.), 2011. Yearbook on Space Policy 2009/2010: Space for Society, Yearbook on Space Policy. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Orłowska, E., Golińska-Pilarek, J., 2011. Dual Tableaux for Fork Algebras, in: Golińska Pilarek, J. (Ed.), Dual Tableaux: Foundations, Methodology, Case Studies, Trends in Logic. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 105–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accident Analysis and Prevention.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Gravitational Wave Observatory In Space Will See The Seed Of Supermassive Black Holes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Student Aid: Financial Assistance to Scholarship Athletes (No. HRD-87-78BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shen, F.-Y., 2009. A pedagogical and analytic comparison of Auguste Franchomme’s twelve Caprices, op. 7 and Alfredo Piatti’s twelve Caprices, op. 25 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, A.L., 2007. The Struggle to Move Beyond ‘Why Me?’ New York Times F5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler, 2000; Pedersen and Egholm, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pedersen and Egholm, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Malajovich et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAccident Analysis and Prevention
AbbreviationAccid. Anal. Prev.
ISSN (print)0001-4575
ISSN (online)1879-2057
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Human Factors and Ergonomics

Other styles