How to format your references using the AAPS Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AAPS Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta S (2000) A victim of truth. Nature 407:677
A journal article with 2 authors
Lemons D, McGinnis W (2006) Genomic evolution of Hox gene clusters. Science 313:1918–1922
A journal article with 3 authors
Dai X, Chen A, Bai Z (2014) Integrative investigation on breast cancer in ER, PR and HER2-defined subgroups using mRNA and miRNA expression profiling. Sci Rep 4:6566
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Prud’homme B, Gompel N, Rokas A, et al (2006) Repeated morphological evolution through cis-regulatory changes in a pleiotropic gene. Nature 440:1050–1053

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Habib MAR (2010) Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Natarajan R (ed) (2014) Distributed Computing and Internet Technology: 10th International Conference, ICDCIT 2014, Bhubaneswar, India, February 6-9, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Braverman M (2013) Noise versus Computational Intractability in Dynamics. In: Bonizzoni P, Brattka V, Löwe B (eds) The Nature of Computation. Logic, Algorithms, Applications: 9th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2013, Milan, Italy, July 1-5, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 32–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AAPS Open.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Find Out How Much Big Pharma Drug Companies Are Paying Your Doctor. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/find-out-how-much-big-pharma-drug-companies-are-paying-your-doctor/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Data Processing: USDA Needs To Better Manage Field-Office Computer Purchases. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldgof GM (2017) Drug Target Discovery Using Designer Drug Sensitive Yeast. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Fox Sidelines Legal Analyst After Wiretap Allegation. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gupta 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gupta 2000; Lemons and McGinnis 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lemons and McGinnis 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Prud’homme et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAAPS Open
AbbreviationAAPS Open
ISSN (online)2364-9534
Scope

Other styles