How to format your references using the AAPS Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AAPS Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton R (2000) Los Alamos labs are safe from fire. Nature 405:264
A journal article with 2 authors
Charbonnel C, Talon S (2005) Influence of gravity waves on the internal rotation and Li abundance of solar-type stars. Science 309:2189–2191
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuno T, Tada K, Watanabe Y (2009) Kinetochore geometry defined by cohesion within the centromere. Nature 458:852–858
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gerber T, Murawala P, Knapp D, et al (2018) Single-cell analysis uncovers convergence of cell identities during axolotl limb regeneration. Science 362:

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coombs WT, Holladay SJ (2011) Managing Corporate Social Responsibility. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Zhu M (ed) (2011) Information and Management Engineering: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011. Proceedings, Part VI. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Vieten UM (2014) ‘When I Land in Islamabad I Feel Home and When I Land in Heathrow I Feel Home.’ In: Tsolidis G (ed) Migration, Diaspora and Identity: Cross-National Experiences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AAPS Open.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Volcanoes Will One Day Be Born In New England. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/volcanoes-born-new-england/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Charges Made by the National Federation of the Blind Against the National Accreditation Council for Agencies Serving the Blind and Visually Handicapped. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Medina LM (2012) Living with Global Shocks: Examining the Responses of Firms and Governments. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Whimsical Boyfriends. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2000; Charbonnel and Talon 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Charbonnel and Talon 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gerber et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAAPS Open
AbbreviationAAPS Open
ISSN (online)2364-9534
Scope

Other styles