How to format your references using the Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Carmody J. Celebrating science. Nature. 2001;412:383.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gibson BK, Flynn C. White dwarfs and dark matter. Science. 2001;292:2211.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pendry JB, Luo Y, Zhao R. Transforming the optical landscape. Science. 2015;348:521–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li WH, Gu Z, Wang H, Nekrutenko A. Evolutionary analyses of the human genome. Nature. 2001;409:847–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dubuisson S. Tracking with Particle Filter for High-Dimensional Observation and State Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Kusano T, Suzuki H, editors. Polyamines: A Universal Molecular Nexus for Growth, Survival, and Specialized Metabolism. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mengüç B. A Preliminary Analysis on the Cross-cultural Applicability of the Structural Model of Consumer Knowledge Assessment. In: Sidin S, Manrai AK, editors. Proceedings of the 1997 World Marketing Congress. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 12–3.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Self-Assembling Molecules Trap Cancer Cells In Deadly Carbohydrate Web [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/self-assembling-molecules-trap-cancer-cells-deadly-carbohydrate-web/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Constraints Perceived by Federal Laboratory and Agency Officials. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Mar. Report No.: RCED-88-116BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Xiong Y. Immuno-Magnetic T Cell Depletion for Allogeneic Hematological Stem Cell Transplantation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. A Certifiably Green Cafe. New York Times. 2011 May 22;NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation
AbbreviationJ. Neuroeng. Rehabil.
ISSN (online)1743-0003
ScopeHealth Informatics
Rehabilitation

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