How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turner JA (2004) Sustainable hydrogen production. Science 305:972–974
A journal article with 2 authors
Levine JM, HilleRisLambers J (2009) The importance of niches for the maintenance of species diversity. Nature 461:254–257
A journal article with 3 authors
Geremia JM, Stockton JK, Mabuchi H (2004) Real-time quantum feedback control of atomic spin-squeezing. Science 304:270–273
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mock U, Riecken K, Berdien B, et al (2014) Novel lentiviral vectors with mutated reverse transcriptase for mRNA delivery of TALE nucleases. Sci Rep 4:6409

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thatcher A (2011) God, Sex, and Gender. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Tippins DJ, Mueller MP, Eijck M van, Adams JD (eds) (2010) Cultural Studies and Environmentalism: The Confluence of EcoJustice, Place-based (Science) Education, and Indigenous Knowledge Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Carvalho G, Carvalho A, Rocha E, et al (2014) A Formal Model for Natural-Language Timed Requirements of Reactive Systems. In: Merz S, Pang J (eds) Formal Methods and Software Engineering: 16th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods, ICFEM 2014, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, November 3-5, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2017) Watch: Sea Lion Drags Girl Into Water In Richmond, BC. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Strategic Sourcing: Improved and Expanded Use Could Provide Procurement Savings for Federal Information Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolzinger R (2010) Strengthening Career and Technical Education in the California Community College System during the financial and labor market crisis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robles F (2016) Police Officers Are Haunted by Grisly Scene Inside Orlando Club. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turner 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Turner 2004; Levine and HilleRisLambers 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levine and HilleRisLambers 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Mock et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Research
AbbreviationJ. Forest Res.
ISSN (print)1341-6979
ISSN (online)1610-7403

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