How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellars P (2006) A new radiocarbon revolution and the dispersal of modern humans in Eurasia. Nature 439:931–935
A journal article with 2 authors
Manne AS, Richels RG (2001) An alternative approach to establishing trade-offs among greenhouse gases. Nature 410:675–677
A journal article with 3 authors
Canfield DE, Glazer AN, Falkowski PG (2010) The evolution and future of Earth’s nitrogen cycle. Science 330:192–196
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Modi A, Koratkar N, Lass E, et al (2003) Miniaturized gas ionization sensors using carbon nanotubes. Nature 424:171–174

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larkin RF, DiTommaso M (2015) Wiley Not-for-Profit GAAP 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bradley AR (2007) The Calculus of Computation: Decision Procedures with Applications to Verification. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lim J-H, Song C-W, Chung K-Y, et al (2013) Forensic Evidence Collection Procedures of Smartphone in Crime Scene. In: Kim KJ, Chung K-Y (eds) IT Convergence and Security 2012. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 35–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Japanese Zoo Culls 57 Snow Monkeys Due To Mixed Genes From “Invasive Alien Species.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) NASA’s Space Vision: Business Case for Prometheus 1 Needed to Ensure Requirements Match Available Resources. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer CD (2013) School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Lowry MP (2015) Watching Assumptions Walk Out the Door. New York Times BU7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mellars 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Manne and Richels 2001; Mellars 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Manne and Richels 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Modi et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Research
AbbreviationJ. Forest Res.
ISSN (print)1341-6979
ISSN (online)1610-7403

Other styles