How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pollard TD (2001) Genomics, the cytoskeleton and motility. Nature 409:842–843
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou S, Bongiorno A (2013) Origin of the chemical and kinetic stability of graphene oxide. Sci Rep 3:2484
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang XF, Chen TT, Zheng B (2014) Structure of local interactions in complex financial dynamics. Sci Rep 4:5321
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sharma A, Kapoor P, Gautam A, et al (2013) Computational approach for designing tumor homing peptides. Sci Rep 3:1607

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davison M (2011) Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Klöpffer W (ed) (2014) Background and Future Prospects in Life Cycle Assessment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Walker R (2011) Design-Based Researchresearch Design-based (DBR) : Reflections on Some Epistemological Issues and Practices. In: Markauskaite L, Freebody P, Irwin J (eds) Methodological Choice and Design: Scholarship, Policy and Practice in Social and Educational Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Earth’s Core Is Two Years Younger Than Its Crust Thanks To Relativity. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) H.R. 7178, the Research and Development Authorization Estimates Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez EP (2014) Curriculum development for nursing assistants: Pressure ulcer prevention module. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dackman L (2006) When You Wish Upon a Saint, Watch What You Ask For. New York Times ST9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pollard 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Pollard 2001; Zhou and Bongiorno 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Bongiorno 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharma et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Research
AbbreviationJ. Forest Res.
ISSN (print)1341-6979
ISSN (online)1610-7403

Other styles