How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M (2007) Postdoc redefined. Nature 446:1114
A journal article with 2 authors
Nicewicz DA, MacMillan DWC (2008) Merging photoredox catalysis with organocatalysis: the direct asymmetric alkylation of aldehydes. Science 322:77–80
A journal article with 3 authors
Allard P, Burton M, Muré F (2005) Spectroscopic evidence for a lava fountain driven by previously accumulated magmatic gas. Nature 433:407–410
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hafez HA, Kovalev S, Deinert J-C, et al (2018) Extremely efficient terahertz high-harmonic generation in graphene by hot Dirac fermions. Nature 561:507–511

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1992) Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wu Y (ed) (2012) Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Abo M, Kakuda W (2015) rTMS for Lower Limb Hemiparesis after Stroke. In: Kakuda W (ed) Rehabilitation with rTMS. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 109–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Beautiful Park Spends Half The Year Completely Underwater. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Important Progress Made, Yet Much Work Remains to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vernold EL (2008) Special education teacher resiliency: What keeps teachers in the field? Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy P, Stockman F (2016) Public Rattled as Campaign Turns Coarser. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2007; Nicewicz and MacMillan 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nicewicz and MacMillan 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hafez et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Research
AbbreviationJ. Forest Res.
ISSN (print)1341-6979
ISSN (online)1610-7403
ScopeForestry

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