How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rostrup-Nielsen JR (2005) Chemistry. Making fuels from biomass. Science 308:1421–1422
A journal article with 2 authors
Levitan IB, Cibulsky SM (2001) Biochemistry. TRP ion channels--two proteins in one. Science 293:1270–1271
A journal article with 3 authors
Cicerone RJ, Molina MJ, Blake DR (2012) Retrospective. F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012). Science 336:170
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Berns DM, Rudner MS, Valenzuela SO, et al (2008) Amplitude spectroscopy of a solid-state artificial atom. Nature 455:51–57

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhalla S, Moharana S, Talakokula V, Kaur N (2016) Piezoelectric Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Drozdzial-Szelest K, Pawlak M (eds) (2013) Psycholinguistic and Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Second Language Learning and Teaching: Studies in Honor of Waldemar Marton. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Higgott R (2012) Economic Multilateralism: A Search for Legitimacy and Coherence in the Early Twenty-first Century. In: Telò M (ed) State, Globalization and Multilateralism: The challenges of institutionalizing regionalism. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 61–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Extremely Elusive Monkey Population Captured On Camera For First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Teenage Prostitution and Child Pornography. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adetunji OO (2008) The Nature of Electronic States in Conducting Polymer Nano-Networks. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) New Puerto Rico Debt Relief Law Stirs Colonial Resentments. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rostrup-Nielsen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Levitan and Cibulsky 2001; Rostrup-Nielsen 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levitan and Cibulsky 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Berns et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Research
AbbreviationJ. Forest Res.
ISSN (print)1341-6979
ISSN (online)1610-7403

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