How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eberl G (2014) Immunology: A is for immunity. Nature 508:47–48
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood WB, Gentile JM (2003) Education. Teaching in a research context. Science 302:1510
A journal article with 3 authors
Stern P, Hines PJ, Travis J (2014) The aging brain. Introduction. Science 346:566–567
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Blair KM, Turner L, Winkelman JT, et al (2008) A molecular clutch disables flagella in the Bacillus subtilis biofilm. Science 320:1636–1638

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt WM (2016) Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Strangio D, Sancetta G (eds) (2015) Italy in a European Context: Research in Business, Economics, and the Environment. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
van der Aalst WMP, Dumas M, Gottschalk F, et al (2008) Correctness-Preserving Configuration of Business Process Models. In: Fiadeiro JL, Inverardi P (eds) Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 11th International Conference, FASE 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29-April 6, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 46–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Researchers Image Wave-Particle Duality Light For The First Time Ever. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Telecommunications: Direct Broadcast Satellite Subscribership Has Grown Rapidly, but Varies across Different Types of Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan C (2014) Conceptualizing Psychological History: Edgar Allan Poe and the Themes of the Normal and the Pathological, Life and Death. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Childs M (2017) Pimco and Star Investor Settle Venomous War Over His Ouster. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eberl 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wood and Gentile 2003; Eberl 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood and Gentile 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Blair et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Research
AbbreviationJ. Forest Res.
ISSN (print)1341-6979
ISSN (online)1610-7403

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