How to format your references using the Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binzel RP (2012) Planetary science. A golden spike for planetary science. Science 338:203–204
A journal article with 2 authors
Faccenna C, Becker TW (2010) Shaping mobile belts by small-scale convection. Nature 465:602–605
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubrovinskaia N, Dubrovinsky L, Solozhenko VL (2007) Comment on “Synthesis of ultra-incompressible superhard rhenium diboride at ambient pressure.” Science 318:1550; author reply 1550
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Piccirillo SGM, Reynolds BA, Zanetti N, et al (2006) Bone morphogenetic proteins inhibit the tumorigenic potential of human brain tumour-initiating cells. Nature 444:761–765

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeod LE (2016) Leading with Noble Purpose. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Smagghe G, Diaz I (eds) (2012) Arthropod-Plant Interactions: Novel Insights and Approaches for IPM. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Corrin L, Bennett S, Lockyer L (2013) Digital Natives: Exploring the Diversity of Young People’s Experience with Technology. In: Huang R, Kinshuk, Spector JM (eds) Reshaping Learning: Frontiers of Learning Technology in a Global Context. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 113–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) NASA Release Report On The Orbital ATK Antares Rocket Crash Last Year. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Early Childhood Education: What Are the Costs of High-Quality Programs? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Humphreys BP (2013) The Role of Developmental Screening Practices in Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Analysis of All-Payer Claims Data in New Hampshire. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2000) Submarine’s Namesake City Hurts As Minute After Minute Ticks Away. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binzel 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Faccenna and Becker 2010; Binzel 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Faccenna and Becker 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Piccirillo et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Forest Research
AbbreviationJ. Forest Res.
ISSN (print)1341-6979
ISSN (online)1610-7403

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