How to format your references using the Journal of Socio-Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Socio-Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowotny, H., 2013. Preserve the European Research Council’s legacy. Nature 504, 189.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, S.W., Ahn, J.-P., 2013. Polycrystalline nanowires of gadolinium-doped ceria via random alignment mediated by supercritical carbon dioxide. Sci. Rep. 3, 1606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyers, M.A., McKittrick, J., Chen, P.-Y., 2013. Structural biological materials: critical mechanics-materials connections. Science 339, 773–779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schoonveld, W.A., Wildeman, J., Fichou, D., Bobbert, P.A., van Wees BJ, Klapwijk, T.M., 2000. Coulomb-blockade transport in single-crystal organic thin-film transistors. Nature 404, 977–980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tschirhart, M., Bielefeld, W., 2012. Managing Nonprofit Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., San Francisco.
An edited book
Nguyen, N.T., Kowalczyk, R., Mercik, J. (Eds.), 2016. Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XXIII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Heinzmann, G., Trognon, A., Tremblay, F., 2014. Correspondence Between Evert Willem Beth and Jean Piaget (1951–1955), in: Rebuschi, M., Batt, M., Heinzmann, G., Lihoreau, F., Musiol, M., Trognon, A. (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Works in Logic, Epistemology, Psychology and Linguistics: Dialogue, Rationality, and Formalism, Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Socio-Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Physicists Use Einstein’s ‘Spooky’ Entanglement To Invent Super-Sensitive Gravitational Wave Detector [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Landsat Policy Issues Still Unresolved (No. PSAD-78-58). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez, S., 2012. Support group for caregivers coping with their child diagnosed with autism: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. Another Casualty of the Syrian War: Drinking Water in Damascus. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowotny, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kim and Ahn, 2013; Nowotny, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Ahn, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Schoonveld et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Socio-Economics
AbbreviationJ. Socio Econ.
ISSN (print)1053-5357
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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