How to format your references using the Journal of Socio-Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Socio-Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D., 2009. Beware politicians bearing gifts. Nature 457, 649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stagon, S.P., Huang, H., 2013. Airtight metallic sealing at room temperature under small mechanical pressure. Sci. Rep. 3, 3066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verma, T., Araújo, N.A.M., Herrmann, H.J., 2014. Revealing the structure of the world airline network. Sci. Rep. 4, 5638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghezraoui, H., Oliveira, C., Becker, J.R., Bilham, K., Moralli, D., Anzilotti, C., Fischer, R., Deobagkar-Lele, M., Sanchiz-Calvo, M., Fueyo-Marcos, E., Bonham, S., Kessler, B.M., Rottenberg, S., Cornall, R.J., Green, C.M., Chapman, J.R., 2018. 53BP1 cooperation with the REV7-shieldin complex underpins DNA structure-specific NHEJ. Nature 560, 122–127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crane, S., 2013. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Dao. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Saha, S.K., 2016. Advances in Heat Transfer Enhancement. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Weyns, D., Holvoet, T., 2007. Architecture-Centric Software Development of Situated Multiagent Systems, in: O’Hare, G.M.P., Ricci, A., O’Grady, M.J., Dikenelli, O. (Eds.), Engineering Societies in the Agents World VII: 7th International Workshop, ESAW 2006 Dublin, Ireland, September 6-8, 2006 Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 62–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Socio-Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Now Advertising Billboards Can Read Your Emotions … And That’s Just The Start [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report (No. GAO-14-287R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, C.D., 2013. Playing the Hungarian card: An assessment of radical right impact on Slovak and Hungarian party systems and post-Communist democratic stability (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mumford, S., 1960. Article 6 -- No Title. New York Times MagazineSM79.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston, 2009; Stagon and Huang, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stagon and Huang, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghezraoui et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Socio-Economics
AbbreviationJ. Socio Econ.
ISSN (print)1053-5357
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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