How to format your references using the World Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2000. “United States Backs Soil Strategy in Fight against Global Warming.” Nature 406, no. 6796: 549–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Körding, Konrad P., and Daniel M. Wolpert. 2004. “Bayesian Integration in Sensorimotor Learning.” Nature 427, no. 6971: 244–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Constância, Miguel, Gavin Kelsey, and Wolf Reik. 2004. “Resourceful Imprinting.” Nature 432, no. 7013: 53–57.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pessiglione, Mathias, Ben Seymour, Guillaume Flandin, Raymond J. Dolan, and Chris D. Frith. 2006. “Dopamine-Dependent Prediction Errors Underpin Reward-Seeking Behaviour in Humans.” Nature 442, no. 7106: 1042–45.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chong, Yen Yee. 2004. Investment Risk Management. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Clerbout, Nicolas. 2015. Linking Game-Theoretical Approaches with Constructive Type Theory: Dialogical Strategies, CTT Demonstrations and the Axiom of Choice. Edited by Shahid Rahman SpringerBriefs in Philosophy Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Immorlica, Nicole. 2009. “Technology Diffusion in Social Networks.” In Mogens Nielsen, Antonín Kučera, Peter Bro Miltersen, Catuscia Palamidessi, Petr Tůma, and Frank Valencia, eds. SOFSEM 2009: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 35th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Špindlerův Mlýn, Czech Republic, January 24-30, 2009. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Politics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “Pluto May Have Always Had Its Icy Heart.” IFLScience IFLScience. At, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. “Financial Management: Misstatements of NASA’s Statement of Budgetary Resources.” GAO-01-438 Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hansell, Lydia. 2017. “Perceptions of Supervisor Ethical Behavior by Psychology Interns.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robbins, Liz. 2017. “Despite ‘Sanctuary City’ Policy, Mayor Says New York Complies With U.S. Law.” New York Times, June 29: A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Politics
AbbreviationWorld Polit.
ISSN (print)0043-8871
ISSN (online)1086-3338
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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