How to format your references using the World Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roses, A. D. 2000. “Pharmacogenetics and the Practice of Medicine.” Nature 405, no. 6788: 857–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Niu, F., and L. Wen. 2001. “Hemispherical Variations in Seismic Velocity at the Top of the Earth’s Inner Core.” Nature 410, no. 6832: 1081–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohmoto, Hiroshi, Yumiko Watanabe, and Kazumasa Kumazawa. 2004. “Evidence from Massive Siderite Beds for a CO2-Rich Atmosphere before Approximately 1.8 Billion Years Ago.” Nature 429, no. 6990: 395–99.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kroutvar, Miro, Yann Ducommun, Dominik Heiss, Max Bichler, Dieter Schuh, Gerhard Abstreiter, and Jonathan J. Finley. 2004. “Optically Programmable Electron Spin Memory Using Semiconductor Quantum Dots.” Nature 432, no. 7013: 81–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu, Jun, and Dacheng Tao. 2013. Modern Machine Learning Techniques and Their Applications in Cartoon Animation Research. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rashid, Awais, and Mehmet Aksit, eds. 2007. Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development IV. Vol. 4640 Lecture Notes in Computer Science Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jung, H. H. 2008. “Update on McLeod Syndrome.” In Ruth H. Walker, Shinji Saiki, and Adrian Danek, eds. Neuroacanthocytosis Syndromes II Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Politics.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “New Strain Of ‘Super’ Gonorrhea Could Be Resistant To All Antibiotics.” IFLScience IFLScience. At, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. “Safe Routes to School: Progress in Implementing the Program, but a Comprehensive Plan to Evaluate Program Outcomes Is Needed.” GAO-08-789 Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, Sharlene Andria. 2014. “Dispersed Social Work: Understanding Social Presence and Organizational Identification Through the Use of New Communication Technologies.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James, George. 2000. “Talking and Driving: Growing Road Menace?” New York Times, March 26: 14NJ1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Politics
AbbreviationWorld Polit.
ISSN (print)0043-8871
ISSN (online)1086-3338
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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