How to format your references using the World Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wyse, Rosemary. 2003. “Astronomy. Galactic Encounters.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301, no. 5636: 1055–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moreira, David, and Purificación López-García. 2005. “Comment on ‘The 1.2-Megabase Genome Sequence of Mimivirus.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308, no. 5725: 1114; author reply 1114.
A journal article with 3 authors
de Mel, Suresh, David McKenzie, and Christopher Woodruff. 2012. “One-Time Transfers of Cash or Capital Have Long-Lasting Effects on Microenterprises in Sri Lanka.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335, no. 6071: 962–66.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Murray, Carl D., Carlos Chavez, Kevin Beurle, Nick Cooper, Michael W. Evans, Joseph A. Burns, and Carolyn C. Porco. 2005. “How Prometheus Creates Structure in Saturn’s F Ring.” Nature 437, no. 7063: 1326–29.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, M. M., and M. R. Islam. 2012. Zero Waste Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kleiber, Michał. 2016. Introduction to Nonlinear Thermomechanics of Solids. Edited by Piotr Kowalczyk Lecture Notes on Numerical Methods in Engineering and Sciences Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshimura, Takuya, Yutaro Fujii, and Takayuki Ito. 2012. “Grouping Co-Occurrence Filtering Based on Bayesian Filtering.” In He Jiang, Wei Ding, Moonis Ali, and Xindong Wu, eds. Advanced Research in Applied Artificial Intelligence: 25th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2012, Dalian, China, June 9-12, 2012. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Politics.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “Ebola Vaccine Found To Be 100 Percent Effective In Trial.” IFLScience IFLScience. At, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. “Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comprehensive Strategy Can Draw on Year 2000 Experiences.” AIMD-00-1 Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seevaratnam, Niranjan. 2019. “Forecasting Optimality in Resource Utilization for Cloud Computing Systems to Maximize Quality of Service.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, David. 1996. “Books in Brief: FICTION.” New York Times, March 3: 718.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Politics
AbbreviationWorld Polit.
ISSN (print)0043-8871
ISSN (online)1086-3338
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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