How to format your references using the World Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wulff, Karl. 2006. “Examining Knowledge of Geometry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312, no. 5778: 1309–10; author reply 1309-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, Lisa D. S., and Stephen C. Jameson. 2009. “Immunology. A Chronic Need for IL-21.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, no. 5934: 1525–26.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pollack, Scott E., Daniel Dries, and Randall G. Hulet. 2009. “Universality in Three- and Four-Body Bound States of Ultracold Atoms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326, no. 5960: 1683–85.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hu, Jianping, Maria Aguirre, Charles Peto, Jose Alonso, Joseph Ecker, and Joanne Chory. 2002. “A Role for Peroxisomes in Photomorphogenesis and Development of Arabidopsis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297, no. 5580: 405–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogers, Donald W. 2010. Concise Physical Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Veeravalli, Bharadwaj. 2006. Distributed Multimedia Retrieval Strategies for Large Scale Networked Systems. Edited by Gerassimos Barlas. Vol. 29 Multimedia Systems and Applications Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Kappler, Marcus, Andreas Sachs, Jonas Keil, and Andreas Sachs. 2013. “Determinants of Business Cycle Synchronisation.” In Marcus Kappler and Andreas Sachs, eds. Business Cycle Synchronisation and Economic Integration: New Evidence from the EU ZEW Economic Studies Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Politics.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “We’ve Been Beekeeping For At Least 9,000 Years.” IFLScience IFLScience. At, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. “Observations on Selected Aspects of School Lunch Program Administration.” 115342 Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Funderburk, James. 2010. “Modern Variation in Predation Intensity: Constraints on Assessing Predator-Prey Relationships in Paleoecologic Reconstructions.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hofmann, Perri, and John Leland. 2017. “Urban Pastoral.” New York Times, August 11: MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Politics
AbbreviationWorld Polit.
ISSN (print)0043-8871
ISSN (online)1086-3338
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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