How to format your references using the World Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pretty, Jules. 2003. “Social Capital and the Collective Management of Resources.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302, no. 5652: 1912–14.
A journal article with 2 authors
Danku, Zsuzsa, and Ferenc Kun. 2013. “Creep Rupture as a Non-Homogeneous Poissonian Process.” Scientific Reports 3: 2688.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fahrner, Karen A., William S. Ryu, and Howard C. Berg. 2003. “Biomechanics: Bacterial Flagellar Switching under Load.” Nature 423, no. 6943: 938.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rae, J. W. B., A. Burke, L. F. Robinson, J. F. Adkins, T. Chen, C. Cole, R. Greenop, et al. 2018. “CO2 Storage and Release in the Deep Southern Ocean on Millennial to Centennial Timescales.” Nature 562, no. 7728: 569–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, Rod. 2012. Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ishigatsubo, Yoshiaki, ed. 2015. Behçet’s Disease: From Genetics to Therapies. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Gong, Zeng-Tai, Yu-Juan Bai, and Wen-Qing Pan. 2014. “Preinvex Fuzzy-Valued Function and Its Application in Fuzzy Optimization.” In Bing-Yuan Cao and Hadi Nasseri, eds. Fuzzy Information & Engineering and Operations Research & Management Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Politics.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Humanity Is Not Ready To Face Off Against Asteroids Yet.” IFLScience IFLScience. At, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. “Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA’s Space Launch Initiative.” GAO-02-1020 Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foster, Henry Clay. 2017. “The Effect of Droplet Size and Sprayer Type on Physical Drift.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, Michael R. 2017. “How the President Wrongly Blamed The Times for a Terrorist’s Survival.” New York Times, July 23: A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Politics
AbbreviationWorld Polit.
ISSN (print)0043-8871
ISSN (online)1086-3338
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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