How to format your references using the World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson WD (2002) Tech.Sight. Analyzing biomolecular interactions. Science 295:2103–2105
A journal article with 2 authors
Wijffels RH, Barbosa MJ (2010) An outlook on microalgal biofuels. Science 329:796–799
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohde T, Yaginuma T, Niimi T (2013) Insect morphological diversification through the modification of wing serial homologs. Science 340:495–498
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yuan M, Konstantopoulos N, Lee J, et al (2001) Reversal of obesity- and diet-induced insulin resistance with salicylates or targeted disruption of Ikkbeta. Science 293:1673–1677

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller G, Ponick B (2005) Grundlagen elektrischer Maschinen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Ruiz-Shulcloper J, Sanniti di Baja G (eds) (2013) Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 18th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2013, Havana, Cuba, November 20-23, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Matias D, Przeniosło Ł, Miłosławski T, et al (2015) Development of the Mobile PoC Graphene-Based Biosensing Device Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). In: Jobbágy Á (ed) First European Biomedical Engineering Conference for Young Investigators: ENCY2015, Budapest, May 28 - 30, 2015. Springer, Singapore, pp 20–23

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) The Great Barrier Reef’s ‘New Normal’ Is A Forlorn Sight. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Federal Agencies’ Contracting for Research and Development in the Private, Profitmaking Sector. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bible PW (2013) Integrating Heterogeneous Datasets for Functional Profiling of Transcription Factors and Their Target Genes. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner T (2017) A Racist Gesture Results in a Delayed Punishment. New York Times SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson 2002; Wijffels and Barbosa 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wijffels and Barbosa 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yuan et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationWorld J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0959-3993
ISSN (online)1573-0972
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine
Food Science
Plant Science

Other styles