How to format your references using the World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Read P (2013) Planetary science: plumbing the depths of Uranus and Neptune. Nature 497:323–324
A journal article with 2 authors
Vrabioiu AM, Mitchison TJ (2006) Structural insights into yeast septin organization from polarized fluorescence microscopy. Nature 443:466–469
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim AM, Tingen CM, Woodruff TK (2010) Sex bias in trials and treatment must end. Nature 465:688–689
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Garaycoechea JI, Crossan GP, Langevin F, et al (2018) Alcohol and endogenous aldehydes damage chromosomes and mutate stem cells. Nature 553:171–177

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott K (2017) Sustainable and Green Electrochemical Science and Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Walter NG, Woodson SA, Batey RT (eds) (2009) Non-Protein Coding RNAs. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Basso C, Ho SY, Thiene G (2008) Anatomic and Histopathological Characteristics of the Conductive Tissues of the Heart. In: Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Wilde AAM, et al. (eds) Electrical Diseases of the Heart: Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention. Springer, London, pp 37–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Oldest Known Rock Discovered. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Managing Technology: Best Practices Can Improve Performance and Produce Results. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett RJ (2016) Exploring the effects of parasocial connection on relaxation exercise persistence in women. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Season Over, the Rangers Are Left to Consider What Might Have Been. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Read 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Vrabioiu and Mitchison 2006; Read 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vrabioiu and Mitchison 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Garaycoechea et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationWorld J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0959-3993
ISSN (online)1573-0972
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine
Food Science
Plant Science

Other styles