How to format your references using the World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fabian AC (2008) Astronomy. A blast from the past. Science 320:1167–1168
A journal article with 2 authors
Kai T, Spradling A (2004) Differentiating germ cells can revert into functional stem cells in Drosophila melanogaster ovaries. Nature 428:564–569
A journal article with 3 authors
Ivany LC, Patterson WP, Lohmann KC (2000) Cooler winters as a possible cause of mass extinctions at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. Nature 407:887–890
A journal article with 5 or more authors
McCaffrey AP, Meuse L, Pham T-TT, et al (2002) RNA interference in adult mice. Nature 418:38–39

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malina M (2013) Delivering Sustainable Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Maragoudakis ME, Tsopanoglou NE (eds) (2009) Thrombin: Physiology and Disease. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Stanford D, Lowery D, Jodry M, et al (2014) New Evidence for a Possible Paleolithic Occupation of the Eastern North American Continental Shelf at the Last Glacial Maximum. In: Evans AM, Flatman JC, Flemming NC (eds) Prehistoric Archaeology on the Continental Shelf: A Global Review. Springer, New York, NY, pp 73–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) What Would Happen To Your Body In Space Without A Spacesuit? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Tribal Internet Access: Increased Federal Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Etchberger JF (2008) The cis-regulatory logic of gustatory neuron development in Caenorhabditis elegans. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc J (2017) Straight From a Boomer’s Attic. New York Times F8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fabian 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kai and Spradling 2004; Fabian 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kai and Spradling 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (McCaffrey et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationWorld J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0959-3993
ISSN (online)1573-0972
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine
Food Science
Plant Science

Other styles