How to format your references using the World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns JA (2002) Solar system science. Two bodies are better than one. Science 297:942–943
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartonen T, Alava MJ (2013) How important tasks are performed: peer review. Sci Rep 3:1679
A journal article with 3 authors
Sidhu ABS, Verdier-Pinard D, Fidock DA (2002) Chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites conferred by pfcrt mutations. Science 298:210–213
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yamamoto K, Dürr UHN, Xu J, et al (2013) Dynamic interaction between membrane-bound full-length cytochrome P450 and cytochrome b5 observed by solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Sci Rep 3:2538

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shook JR (2010) The God Debates. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Demetrikopoulos MK, Pecore JL (eds) (2016) Interplay of Creativity and Giftedness in Science. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Schanzenberger A, Lawrence DR, Kirsche T (2005) Enhancing Project Management for Periodic Data Production Management. In: Meersman R, Tari Z, Herrero P (eds) On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2005: OTM 2005 Workshops: OTM Confederated Internationl Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, GADA, MIOS+INTEROP, ORM, PhDS, SeBGIS, SWWS, and WOSE 2005, Agia Napa, Cyprus, October 31 - November 4, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 9–11

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Wild Chimpanzee Life Expectancy Closely Matches That Of Human Hunter-Gatherers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Transportation Trust Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Redcay JD (2014) Kindergarten students’ reading performance and perceptions of Ludus Reading: A mixed-method study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J (2017) Dangers Behind, Uncertainties Ahead, but Together at Last. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Burns 2002; Hartonen and Alava 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartonen and Alava 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationWorld J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0959-3993
ISSN (online)1573-0972
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine
Food Science
Plant Science

Other styles