How to format your references using the World Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Journal of Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Weiss U. Intestinal networks in health and disease. Nature 2011;474:297 [PMID: 21677745]
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mittermaier A, Kay LE. New tools provide new insights in NMR studies of protein dynamics. Science 2006;312:224–8 [PMID: 16614210]
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bania TM, Rood RT, Balser DS. The cosmological density of baryons from observations of 3He+ in the Milky Way. Nature 2002;415:54–7 [PMID: 11780112]
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Ohya T, Miaczynska M, Coskun U, Lommer B, Runge A, Drechsel D, Kalaidzidis Y, Zerial M. Reconstitution of Rab- and SNARE-dependent membrane fusion by synthetic endosomes. Nature 2009;459:1091–7 [PMID: 19458617]

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bertolo D. Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Sammut C, Webb GI, editors. Encyclopedia of Machine Learning. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Huang W, Jiao L, Ma S, Xu Y. Analytical Solution for Dynamic of Neuronal Populations. In: Duch W, Kacprzyk J, Oja E, Zadrożny S. Artificial Neural Networks: Biological Inspirations – ICANN 2005: 15th International Conference, Warsaw, Poland, September 11-15, 2005. Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. page 19–24

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Rules Say Unvaccinated Australian Kids Can’t Attend Kindergarten [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/no-childcare-or-kindergarten-unvaccinated-australian-kids/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Virchez Azuara A. A human resource perspective on the development of workforce agility. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Butler S. Searching for Amelia Earhart. New York Times2017;A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationWorld J. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)1007-9327
ISSN (online)2219-2840
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Gastroenterology

Other styles