How to format your references using the World Development Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Development Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delude, C. (2011). Tumorigenesis: Testing ground for cancer stem cells. Nature, 480(7377), S43-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, J.-H., & Paull, T. T. (2004). Direct activation of the ATM protein kinase by the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5667), 93–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Avitabile, C., D’Andrea, L. D., & Romanelli, A. (2014). Circular Dichroism studies on the interactions of antimicrobial peptides with bacterial cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 4293.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Santamaría, D., Barrière, C., Cerqueira, A., Hunt, S., Tardy, C., Newton, K., Cáceres, J. F., Dubus, P., Malumbres, M., & Barbacid, M. (2007). Cdk1 is sufficient to drive the mammalian cell cycle. Nature, 448(7155), 811–815.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, D. J. (2005). Cinnolines and Phthalazines: Supplement II. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Reimer, H., Pohlmann, N., & Schneider, W. (Eds.). (2014). ISSE 2014 Securing Electronic Business Processes: Highlights of the Information Security Solutions Europe 2014 Conference. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller, F., & Teschke, O. (2016). Progress of Self-Archiving Within the DML Corpus, with a View Toward Community Dynamics. In M. Kohlhase, M. Johansson, B. Miller, L. de Moura, & F. Tompa (Eds.), Intelligent Computer Mathematics: 9th International Conference, CICM 2016, Bialystok, Poland, July 25-29, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 63–74). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Development Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 16). The “Water World” Theory Of The Origins Of Life Revamped. IFLScience; IFLScience.“water-world”-theory-origins-life-revamped/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Aviation Safety: Safer Skies Initiative Has Taken Initial Steps to Reduce Accident Rates by 2007 (RCED-00-111). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Vlack, K. A. (2012). Puaxant tuvip: Powerlands Southern Paiute cultural landscapes and pilgrimage trails [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Cardwell, D. (2017, May 31). Trump Advisers Wage Tug of War On Climate Deal. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delude, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Delude, 2011; Lee & Paull, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Paull, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Avitabile et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Santamaría et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Development Perspectives
AbbreviationWorld Dev. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2452-2929

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