How to format your references using the World Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
French, Andrew N. 2010. “Chemistry. Clean, Green Chiral Reactions--Just Add a Salt.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5984): 1365–1366.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gowers, Timothy, and Michael Nielsen. 2009. “Massively Collaborative Mathematics.” Nature 461 (7266): 879–881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pobbati, Ajaybabu V., Alexander Stein, and Dirk Fasshauer. 2006. “N- to C-Terminal SNARE Complex Assembly Promotes Rapid Membrane Fusion.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5787): 673–676.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cook, Boaz, Robert W. Hardy, William B. McConnaughey, and Charles S. Zuker. 2008. “Preserving Cell Shape under Environmental Stress.” Nature 452 (7185): 361–364.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buckel, Werner, and Reinhold Kleiner. 2012. Supraleitung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pihlström, Sami. 2016. Kantian Antitheodicy: Philosophical and Literary Varieties. Edited by Sari Kivistö. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, Lai Fong, Gurnam Kaur Sidhu, and Yuen Fook Chan. 2015. “A Sociocultural Perspective of Factors Influencing Academic Writing from School to Postsecondary Education.” In Taylor’s 7th Teaching and Learning Conference 2014 Proceedings: Holistic Education: Enacting Change, edited by Siew Fun Tang and Loshinikarasi Logonnathan, 39–54. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Archaeology.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Scientists Believe They Have Explained The Great Flu Outbreak Of 1918.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. UMTA Project Oversight and Mass Transit Issues. T-RCED-90-102. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro, Rene. 2012. “Faculty Unions and Their Effects on University Shared Governance.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, John. 2017. “Building on Twin Strands of Music and Compassion.” New York Times, January 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (French 2010).
This sentence cites two references (French 2010; Gowers and Nielsen 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gowers and Nielsen 2009)
  • Three authors: (Pobbati, Stein, and Fasshauer 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cook et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Archaeology
AbbreviationWorld Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0043-8243
ISSN (online)1470-1375
General Earth and Planetary Sciences

Other styles