How to format your references using the World Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rolison, Debra R. 2003. “Catalytic Nanoarchitectures--the Importance of Nothing and the Unimportance of Periodicity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5613): 1698–1701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivera, Maria C., and James A. Lake. 2004. “The Ring of Life Provides Evidence for a Genome Fusion Origin of Eukaryotes.” Nature 431 (7005): 152–155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doligez, Blandine, Etienne Danchin, and Jean Clobert. 2002. “Public Information and Breeding Habitat Selection in a Wild Bird Population.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5584): 1168–1170.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mota, M. M., G. Pradel, J. P. Vanderberg, J. C. Hafalla, U. Frevert, R. S. Nussenzweig, V. Nussenzweig, and A. Rodríguez. 2001. “Migration of Plasmodium Sporozoites through Cells before Infection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5501): 141–144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Varrall, Geoff. 2011. Making Telecoms Work. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Britton, George, Hanspeter Pfander, and Synnøve Liaaen-Jensen, eds. 2009. Carotenoids: Volume 5: Nutrition and Health. Vol. 5. Carotenoids. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Dabbagh, Nada, Angela D. Benson, André Denham, Roberto Joseph, Maha Al-Freih, Ghania Zgheib, Helen Fake, and Zhetao Guo. 2016. “Augmented Reality.” In Learning Technologies and Globalization: Pedagogical Frameworks and Applications, edited by Angela D. Benson, André Denham, Roberto Joseph, Maha Al-Freih, Ghania Zgheib, Helen Fake, and Zhetao Guo, 27–30. SpringerBriefs in Educational Communications and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Is There A Moral Centre In Our Brain?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. NASA ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. IMTEC-90-39FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, Wendy C. 2015. “Life Satisfaction of Air Force Civilian Male Spouses.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “In South Africa, Diversions Far From the Field.” New York Times, July 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rolison 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Rolison 2003; Rivera and Lake 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivera and Lake 2004)
  • Three authors: (Doligez, Danchin, and Clobert 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mota et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Archaeology
AbbreviationWorld Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0043-8243
ISSN (online)1470-1375
General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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