How to format your references using the World Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carroll, Sean B. 2011. “Evolution. How Great Wings Can Look Alike.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6046): 1100–1101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tinel, Antoine, and Jürg Tschopp. 2004. “The PIDDosome, a Protein Complex Implicated in Activation of Caspase-2 in Response to Genotoxic Stress.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5672): 843–846.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chandrappa, G. T., Nathalie Steunou, and Jacques Livage. 2002. “Materials Chemistry: Macroporous Crystalline Vanadium Oxide Foam.” Nature 416 (6882): 702.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hannon, J. B., S. Kodambaka, F. M. Ross, and R. M. Tromp. 2006. “The Influence of the Surface Migration of Gold on the Growth of Silicon Nanowires.” Nature 440 (7080): 69–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaynor, Gerard H. 2014. Decisions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Qing, Anyong, and Ching Kwang Lee, eds. 2010. Differential Evolution in Electromagnetics. Vol. 4. Evolutionary Learning and Optimization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujii, Kozo. 2012. “Role of RANS, Hybrid and LES for Wing Flow Simulations at Relatively Low Reynolds Numbers.” In Progress in Hybrid RANS-LES Modelling: Papers Contributed to the 4th Symposium on Hybrid RANS-LES Methods, Beijing, China, September 2011, edited by Song Fu, Werner Haase, Shia-Hui Peng, and Dieter Schwamborn, 45–57. Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Archaeology.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “The Internet Is Hooked On This Color Perception Quiz - How Did You Score?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Federal Family Education Loan Program: Increased Department of Education Oversight of Lender and School Activities Needed to Help Ensure Program Compliance. GAO-07-750. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jozwiak, Anna L. 2012. “Social Work Internship Stipend Program: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. “Gridiron and Steel Toughened Judge In Clemens Case.” New York Times, March 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carroll 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Carroll 2011; Tinel and Tschopp 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tinel and Tschopp 2004)
  • Three authors: (Chandrappa, Steunou, and Livage 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hannon et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Archaeology
AbbreviationWorld Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0043-8243
ISSN (online)1470-1375
General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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