How to format your references using the World Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Archaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scott, J. Campbell. 2004. “Materials Science. Is There an Immortal Memory?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5667): 62–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Western, David, and Anna K. Behrensmeyer. 2009. “Bone Assemblages Track Animal Community Structure over 40 Years in an African Savanna Ecosystem.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5930): 1061–1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Olsen, Anders, Maithili C. Vantipalli, and Gordon J. Lithgow. 2006. “Checkpoint Proteins Control Survival of the Postmitotic Cells in Caenorhabditis Elegans.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5778): 1381–1385.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tang, Wenzhong, Baoqing Shan, Hong Zhang, Wenqiang Zhang, Yu Zhao, Yuekui Ding, Nan Rong, and Xiaolei Zhu. 2014. “Heavy Metal Contamination in the Surface Sediments of Representative Limnetic Ecosystems in Eastern China.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camman, Christelle, Claude Fiore, Laurent Livolsi, and Pascal Querro. 2017. Supply Chain Management and Business Performance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jensen, Finn B. 2011. Computational Ocean Acoustics. Edited by William A. Kuperman, Michael B. Porter, and Henrik Schmidt. 2nd ed. Modern Acoustics and Signal Processing. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cesare, Silvio, and Yang Xiang. 2012. “Formal Methods of Program Analysis.” In Software Similarity and Classification, edited by Yang Xiang, 29–39. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Archaeology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “Betelgeuse May Be Spinning Faster Than Expected Because It Ate A Sun-Like Star.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Bilingual Education: An Unmet Need. MWD-76-25. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nonu, Mounga E. 2017. “Eagle Lake Climate Change during the Holocene and during the Last 100 Years.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2016. “Scent Notes: The Citrus Aroma of the Season.” New York Times, March 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scott 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Scott 2004; Western and Behrensmeyer 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Western and Behrensmeyer 2009)
  • Three authors: (Olsen, Vantipalli, and Lithgow 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Archaeology
AbbreviationWorld Archaeol.
ISSN (print)0043-8243
ISSN (online)1470-1375
General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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