How to format your references using the Woman - Psychosomatic Gynaecology and Obstetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Woman - Psychosomatic Gynaecology and Obstetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berjak, P., 2005. Global voices of science. Protector of the seeds: seminal reflections from southern Africa. Science 307, 47–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gandhi, C.S., Rees, D.C., 2008. Biochemistry. Opening the molecular floodgates. Science 321, 1166–1167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Herbst, J., Heyne, K., Diller, R., 2002. Femtosecond infrared spectroscopy of bacteriorhodopsin chromophore isomerization. Science 297, 822–825.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knowles, T.P., Fitzpatrick, A.W., Meehan, S., Mott, H.R., Vendruscolo, M., Dobson, C.M., Welland, M.E., 2007. Role of intermolecular forces in defining material properties of protein nanofibrils. Science 318, 1900–1903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krasner, D., 2011. A History of Modern Drama. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lewis, A., 2007. Beginning Google Maps Applications with Rails and Ajax: From Novice to Professional. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Madduri, H., 2015. A Smart Road Maintenance System for Cities - An Evolutionary Approach, in: Klempous, R., Nikodem, J. (Eds.), Innovative Technologies in Management and Science, Topics in Intelligent Engineering and Informatics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Woman - Psychosomatic Gynaecology and Obstetrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Bizarre Newly Discovered “Platypus” Dinosaur Baffles Scientists [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Improved Reporting Needed on National Aeronautics and Space Administration Projects (No. PSAD-77-54). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Negussie, H., 2014. Integration of indigenous knowledge and cultural practices in early childhood care and education programs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: An exploratory case study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2005. World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Bribery Case Against Acting Premier Is Dropped. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berjak, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Berjak, 2005; Gandhi and Rees, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gandhi and Rees, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Knowles et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleWoman - Psychosomatic Gynaecology and Obstetrics
ISSN (print)2213-560X

Other styles