How to format your references using the Designed Monomers and Polymers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Designed Monomers and Polymers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fredrickson JK. ECOLOGY. Ecological communities by design. Science. 2015;348:1425–1427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laughlin SB, Sejnowski TJ. Communication in neuronal networks. Science. 2003;301:1870–1874.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki H, Imura J-I, Aihara K. Chaotic Ising-like dynamics in traffic signals. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1127.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen H, Zhang Y, Yao X, et al. Parametrically amplified bright-state polariton of four- and six-wave mixing in an optical ring cavity. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nations S. The Complete Book of Option Spreads and Combinations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Leuven RSEW, Ragas AMJ, Smits AJM, et al., editors. Living Rivers: Trends and Challenges in Science and Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuczaj SA, Highfill LE, Makecha RN, et al. Why Do Dolphins Smile? A Comparative Perspective on Dolphin Emotions and Emotional Expressions. In: Watanabe S, Kuczaj S, editors. Emotions of Animals and Humans: Comparative Perspectives. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2012. p. 63–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Designed Monomers and Polymers.

Blog post
Fang J. Antifreeze from Ticks Offer Frostbite Protection for Mice [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Government and Industry Partners Face Substantial Challenges in Developing New DOD Space Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009. Report No.: GAO-09-648T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu CC. Charles T. Griffes’s “Roman Sketches”: A performer’s guide [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Political Bite Gives Colbert Ratings Edge Over Fallon. New York Times. 2017 Feb 7;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDesigned Monomers and Polymers
AbbreviationDes. Monomers Polym.
ISSN (online)1568-5551
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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