How to format your references using the Designed Monomers and Polymers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Designed Monomers and Polymers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenman CD. Cancer. Haploinsufficient gene selection in cancer. Science. 2012;337:47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis KJ, Whittaker RJ. Ecology. Species diversity--scale matters. Science. 2002;295:1245–1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Steinacher M, Joos F, Stocker TF. Allowable carbon emissions lowered by multiple climate targets. Nature. 2013;499:197–201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ferretti F, Osio GC, Jenkins CJ, et al. Long-term change in a meso-predator community in response to prolonged and heterogeneous human impact. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang B-C. Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Schrage N. Chemical Ocular Burns: New Understanding and Treatments. Burgher F, Blomet J, Bodson L, et al., editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Dilettoso E, Rizzo SA, Salerno N. SALHE-EA: A New Evolutionary Algorithm for Multi-Objective Optimization of Electromagnetic Devices. In: Wiak S, Krawczyk A, Dolezel I, editors. Intelligent Computer Techniques in Applied Electromagnetics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Designed Monomers and Polymers.

Blog post
Andrew E. Photographs of Baby Olinguitos Have Been Released [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Procurements: Comments on Proposed Legislation Affecting Federal Procurements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992. Report No.: T-OGC-92-3. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Che H. Non-linear development of streaming instabilities in magnetic reconnection with a strong guide field [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Babcock L. Women, Repeat This: Don’t Ask, Don’t Get. New York Times. 2008 Apr 6;BU19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDesigned Monomers and Polymers
AbbreviationDes. Monomers Polym.
ISSN (online)1568-5551
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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