How to format your references using the Wireless Personal Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Personal Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayhew, J. E. W. (2003). Neuroscience. A measured look at neuronal oxygen consumption. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5609), 1023–1024.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gorostiza, P., & Isacoff, E. Y. (2008). Optical switches for remote and noninvasive control of cell signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5900), 395–399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Falenty, A., Hansen, T. C., & Kuhs, W. F. (2014). Formation and properties of ice XVI obtained by emptying a type sII clathrate hydrate. Nature, 516(7530), 231–233.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schurger, A., Pereira, F., Treisman, A., & Cohen, J. D. (2010). Reproducibility distinguishes conscious from nonconscious neural representations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5961), 97–99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D. (2008). The JCT Design and Build Contract 2005. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Bhansali, A. (2015). Clinical Rounds in Endocrinology: Volume I - Adult Endocrinology. (Y. Gogate, Ed.). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, D., & Terlaky, T. (2013). The Duality Between the Perceptron Algorithm and the von Neumann Algorithm. In L. F. Zuluaga & T. Terlaky (Eds.), Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: Selected Contributions from the MOPTA 2012 Conference (pp. 113–136). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Personal Communications.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, November 30). Quantum Property Of Vacuum Finally Observed Thanks To Neutron Star. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). U.S. Merchant Marine: Maritime Administration Should Assess Potential Mariner-Training Needs (No. GAO-14-212). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baldasaro, R. E. (2013). Person level analysis in latent growth curve models (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016, October 7). Gloria Steinem Never Stops. New York Times, p. MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Personal Communications
AbbreviationWirel. Pers. Commun.
ISSN (print)0929-6212
ISSN (online)1572-834X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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