How to format your references using the Wireless Personal Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Personal Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dajani, R. (2011). The Arab Spring offers hope but no quick fix. Nature, 477(7362), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ricklefs, R. E., & Outlaw, D. C. (2010). A molecular clock for malaria parasites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5988), 226–229.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aggarwal, P. K., Basu, A. R., & Kulkarni, K. M. (2003). Comment on “Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in Bangladesh” (I). Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5619), 584; author reply 584.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, X., Liu, X., Jia, X., Tan, F., Yang, R., Chen, S., … Chen, Y. (2013). Network characteristic analysis of ADR-related proteins and identification of ADR-ADR associations. Scientific reports, 3, 1744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolley, T. (2013). Low Impact Building. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Dalla Longa, R. (Ed.). (2011). Urban Models and Public-Private Partnership. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vehlow, A., Storch, K., Matzke, D., & Cordes, N. (2016). Molecular Targeting of Integrins and Integrin-Associated Signaling Networks in Radiation Oncology. In M. Baumann, M. Krause, & N. Cordes (Eds.), Molecular Radio-Oncology (pp. 89–106). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Personal Communications.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, October 10). Nobel Prize-Winning Autophagy Research Laid Groundwork For Potential Parkinson’s Treatment. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). El Salvador: Pipeline of U.S. Aid as of August 1990 (No. NSIAD-90-285FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zinda, E. S. (2017). American Cerberus: Pit Bulls and Psyche in the United States (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2017, May 11). Not Just Us. New York Times, p. MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Personal Communications
AbbreviationWirel. Pers. Commun.
ISSN (print)0929-6212
ISSN (online)1572-834X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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