How to format your references using the Wireless Personal Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Personal Communications (Wireless Pers Commun). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shepherd, G. M. (2006). Smell images and the flavour system in the human brain. Nature, 444(7117), 316–321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cerdán, P. D., & Chory, J. (2003). Regulation of flowering time by light quality. Nature, 423(6942), 881–885.
A journal article with 3 authors
Head, J. N., Melosh, H. J., & Ivanov, B. A. (2002). Martian meteorite launch: high-speed ejecta from small craters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5599), 1752–1756.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, C.-M., Genc, A., Cheng, H., Pullan, L., Baer, D. R., & Bruemmer, S. M. (2014). In-situ TEM visualization of vacancy injection and chemical partition during oxidation of Ni-Cr nanoparticles. Scientific reports, 4, 3683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wasson, C. S. (2005). System Analysis, Design, and Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Reilly, N. P., Sirgy, M. J., & Gorman, C. A. (Eds.). (2012). Work and Quality of Life: Ethical Practices in Organizations. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Pieracci, F. M., & Moore, E. E. (2014). Principles and Philosophy of Damage Control Surgery. In S. Di Saverio, G. Tugnoli, F. Catena, L. Ansaloni, & N. Naidoo (Eds.), Trauma Surgery: Volume 1: Trauma Management, Trauma Critical Care, Orthopaedic Trauma and Neuro-Trauma (pp. 43–64). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Personal Communications.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, January 4). Astronomers Discover Incredibly Rare Double-Ringed Galaxy. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Transportation Infrastructure: Estimated Funding Under the Transportation Empowerment Act (No. RCED-97-73R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Little, J. L. (2014). The effects of a financial literacy intervention on teachers’ financial literacy, awareness, and advocacy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 19). They Call Us Monsters. New York Times, p. C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Personal Communications
AbbreviationWirel. Pers. Commun.
ISSN (print)0929-6212
ISSN (online)1572-834X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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