How to format your references using the Wireless Personal Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Personal Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yuan, J. (2014). Applied physics: Bright electron twisters. Nature, 509(7498), 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, G. M., & Oshima, J. (2000). Lessons from human progeroid syndromes. Nature, 408(6809), 263–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwarz, G., Mendel, R. R., & Ribbe, M. W. (2009). Molybdenum cofactors, enzymes and pathways. Nature, 460(7257), 839–847.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lum, L., Yao, S., Mozer, B., Rovescalli, A., Von Kessler, D., Nirenberg, M., & Beachy, P. A. (2003). Identification of Hedgehog pathway components by RNAi in Drosophila cultured cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5615), 2039–2045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noldus, R. (2006). CAMEL. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tian, J. (2015). Genetic Analyses of Wheat and Molecular Marker-Assisted Breeding, Volume 1: Genetics Map and QTL Mapping. (Z. Deng, K. Zhang, H. Yu, & X. Jiang, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Siddiqi, I., Vijay, R., Pierre, F., Wilson, C. M., Frunzio, L., Metcalfe, M., … Devoret, M. H. (2006). The Josephson Bifurcation Amplifier for Quantum Measurements. In B. Ruggiero, P. Delsing, C. Granata, Y. Pashkin, & P. Silvestrini (Eds.), Quantum Computing in Solid State Systems (pp. 28–37). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Personal Communications.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 7). Daddy Longlegs Make Glue to Trap Springy Prey. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Award of Grant by Education (No. B-204905). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, W. (2010). “Straight Talk” on preventing HIV program—a grant thesis project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2014, September 13). Doctor Who Worked on Rivers Steps Down From Post at Medical Clinic. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Personal Communications
AbbreviationWirel. Pers. Commun.
ISSN (print)0929-6212
ISSN (online)1572-834X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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