How to format your references using the Wireless Personal Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Personal Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitelegge, J. (2011). Structural biology. Up close with membrane lipid-protein complexes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6054), 320–321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurdon, J. B., & Melton, D. A. (2008). Nuclear reprogramming in cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5909), 1811–1815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, S., Hashimoto, N., & Ohnuki, S. (2013). Hydrogen-induced change in core structures of {110}[111] edge and {110}[111] screw dislocations in iron. Scientific reports, 3, 2760.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Turtle, E. P., Perry, J. E., Hayes, A. G., Lorenz, R. D., Barnes, J. W., McEwen, A. S., … Stofan, E. R. (2011). Rapid and extensive surface changes near Titan’s equator: evidence of April showers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6023), 1414–1417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nikrityuk, P. A. (2011). Computational Thermo-Fluid Dynamics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Amunts, K., Grandinetti, L., Lippert, T., & Petkov, N. (Eds.). (2016). Brain-Inspired Computing: Second International Workshop, BrainComp 2015, Cetraro, Italy, July 6-10, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 10087). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cavaletto, M., Giuffrida, M. G., & Conti, A. (2008). Milk Fat Globule Membrane Components–A Proteomic Approach. In Z. Bösze (Ed.), Bioactive Components of Milk (pp. 129–141). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Personal Communications.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 10). Map Of Earth’s Mantle Reveals That It’s Churning 10 Times Faster Than We Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Education and Employment Issue Area--Active Assignments (No. AA-97-13(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banks, G. M. (2009). The revolution will not be gender-ized (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B. (2017, May 12). Lawyer Is Now Regulating Banking Industry He Has Spent a Career Protecting. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Personal Communications
AbbreviationWirel. Pers. Commun.
ISSN (print)0929-6212
ISSN (online)1572-834X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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