How to format your references using the Wireless Personal Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wireless Personal Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R. (2002). Back to basics. Nature, 420(6914), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper, A., & Stringer, C. B. (2013). Paleontology. Did the Denisovans cross Wallace’s Line? Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6156), 321–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohtsuki, H., Iwasa, Y., & Nowak, M. A. (2009). Indirect reciprocity provides only a narrow margin of efficiency for costly punishment. Nature, 457(7225), 79–82.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Roberts, J. M., Osthoff, H. D., Brown, S. S., & Ravishankara, A. R. (2008). N2O5 oxidizes chloride to Cl2 in acidic atmospheric aerosol. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5892), 1059.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belliotti, R. A. (2011). Dante’s Deadly Sins. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ferre, M., Buss, M., Aracil, R., Melchiorri, C., & Balaguer, C. (Eds.). (2007). Advances in Telerobotics (Vol. 31). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Edge, C., Barker, W., Hunter, B., & Sullivan, G. (2010). File System Permissions. In W. Barker, B. Hunter, & G. Sullivan (Eds.), Enterprise Mac Security: Mac OS X Snow Leopard (pp. 79–111). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wireless Personal Communications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 5). Journal Reports Case Study Of Woman With Giant Third Breast. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Indoor Pollution: Status of Federal Research Activities (No. RCED-99-254). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Queener, J. D. (2015). A Post-School Outcome Study of Students with Learning Disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, June 1). One Injured Player Comes to Another’s Aid, but Now Murray Looms. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWireless Personal Communications
AbbreviationWirel. Pers. Commun.
ISSN (print)0929-6212
ISSN (online)1572-834X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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