How to format your references using the Wiener klinische Wochenschrift citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wiener klinische Wochenschrift. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fortney JJ. Planetary science. Looking into the giant planets. Science. 2004;305:1414–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Suenaga K, Koshino M. Atom-by-atom spectroscopy at graphene edge. Nature. 2010;468:1088–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Richardson JE, Melosh HJ, Greenberg R. Impact-induced seismic activity on asteroid 433 Eros: a surface modification process. Science. 2004;306:1526–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dupeux G, Bourrianne P, Magdelaine Q, Clanet C, Quéré D. Propulsion on a superhydrophobic ratchet. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5280.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Del Pico WJ. Electrical Estimating Methods. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Hou C. Surgical Atlas of Perforator Flaps: A Microsurgical Dissection Technique. Chang S, Lin J, Song D, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mächel H, Rudolf B, Maurer T, Hagemann S, Hagenbrock R, Kitaev L, et al. Observed Hydrological Cycle. In: Lemke P, Jacobi H-W, editors. Arctic Climate Change: The ACSYS Decade and Beyond. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 199–246.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wiener klinische Wochenschrift.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Study Suggests Psychedelic Drug Could Be Used To Treat Asthma [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Better Balance Management Capacity with System Acquisition Workload. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Feb. Report No.: GAO-02-356.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gajewski TJ. Exploring leadership styles from a mediator’s perspective: A phenomenological study examining four specific organizational leadership styles and their relationship to four mediation styles as summarized by Leonard L. Riskin [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J, Kovaleski SF. Actor’s Past Surfaces in Prosecutors’ Investigation of Penn State. New York Times. 2016 Oct 28;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWiener klinische Wochenschrift
AbbreviationWien. Klin. Wochenschr.
ISSN (print)0043-5325
ISSN (online)1613-7671
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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