How to format your references using the Wiener klinische Wochenschrift citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wiener klinische Wochenschrift. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Weinert T. Cell biology. What a cell should know (but may not). Science. 2007;315:1374–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pörtner HO, Knust R. Climate change affects marine fishes through the oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance. Science. 2007;315:95–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Morris RJ, Lewis OT, Godfray HCJ. Experimental evidence for apparent competition in a tropical forest food web. Nature. 2004;428:310–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kataoka TR, Kumanogoh A, Hirata M, Moriyoshi K, Ueshima C, Kawahara M, et al. CD72 regulates the growth of KIT-mutated leukemia cell line Kasumi-1. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2861.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Benslama M, Batatia H, Messai A. Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Anderson R. Pro Arduino. Cervo D, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wisløff U, Haram PM, Kemi OJ. Genetic Vs. Acquired Fitness: Cardiomyocyte Adaptations. In: Stocchi V, Feo PD, Hood DA, editors. Role of Physical Exercise in Preventing Disease and Improving the Quality of Life. Milano: Springer; 2007. p. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wiener klinische Wochenschrift.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Celebrate Earth Day Everyday [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Prisoners Receiving Social Security and Other Federal Retirement, Disability, and Education Benefits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Jul. Report No.: HRD-82-43.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ton N-Q. A hierarchical wireless network architecture for building automation and control systems: Implementation and simulation study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Nir SM. Doctor Storms Bronx Hospital In Fatal Attack. New York Times. 2017 Jun 30;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWiener klinische Wochenschrift
AbbreviationWien. Klin. Wochenschr.
ISSN (print)0043-5325
ISSN (online)1613-7671
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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