How to format your references using the Wiener klinische Wochenschrift citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wiener klinische Wochenschrift. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dickson BJ. Wired for sex: the neurobiology of Drosophila mating decisions. Science. 2008;322:904–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Soo VWC, Wood TK. Antitoxin MqsA represses curli formation through the master biofilm regulator CsgD. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3186.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hamilton VE, Christensen PR, Bandfield JL. Planetary science: Volcanism or aqueous alteration on Mars? Nature. 2003;421:711–2; discussion 712-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lin H, Yao C, Zhang X, Zhang H, Wang D, Zhang Q, et al. Strongly enhanced current densities in Sr0.6K0.4Fe2As2 + Sn superconducting tapes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gowler DB. James Through the Centuries. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1. Bhatt DL, editor. Peripheral and Cerebrovascular Intervention. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Huseynova SA, Mahmudov H, Mustafayev II. Photolysis of Hydrogen Sulfide in Gas Mixtures. In: Veziroğlu A, Tsitskishvili M, editors. Black Sea Energy Resource Development and Hydrogen Energy Problems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wiener klinische Wochenschrift.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. China Completes World’s Largest Radio Telescope [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Fiscal Year 2007 Performance Plans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Oct. Report No.: GAO-07-146SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Purnell CP. Exploring teachers’ perceptions of professional development in virtual learning teams [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burghardt LF. The Dog Wants to Go Out. Subversive Action Is Likely to Follow. New York Times. 2006 Jan 15;14LI12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWiener klinische Wochenschrift
AbbreviationWien. Klin. Wochenschr.
ISSN (print)0043-5325
ISSN (online)1613-7671
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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