How to format your references using the Wiener klinische Wochenschrift citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wiener klinische Wochenschrift. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. del Alamo JA. Nanometre-scale electronics with III-V compound semiconductors. Nature. 2011;479:317–23.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Grant PR, Grant BR. Unpredictable evolution in a 30-year study of Darwin’s finches. Science. 2002;296:707–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Noble MEM, Endicott JA, Johnson LN. Protein kinase inhibitors: insights into drug design from structure. Science. 2004;303:1800–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chan SW-L, Zilberman D, Xie Z, Johansen LK, Carrington JC, Jacobsen SE. RNA silencing genes control de novo DNA methylation. Science. 2004;303:1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Davis TB. Audel Industrial Multi-Craft Mini-Ref. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Ciliberto C. I numeri nel cuore. Saleri F, Strickland E, editors. Milano: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rai J, Ramkumar M, Sugantha T. Calcareous Nannofossils from the Ottakoil Formation, Cauvery Basin, South India: Implications on Age and Late Cretaceous Environmental Conditions. In: Ramkumar M, editor. On a Sustainable Future of the Earth’s Natural Resources. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 109–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wiener klinische Wochenschrift.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Sleep Debt Shows Up in Your Blood. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Research Opportunities: DOE, DOD, and HHS Need Better Guidance for Participant Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Jan. Report No.: GAO-16-128.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eller LS. Social media as avenue for personal learning for educators: Personal learning networks encourage application of knowledge and skills [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pols M. Out of the Ashes. New York Times. 2017 May 3;BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWiener klinische Wochenschrift
AbbreviationWien. Klin. Wochenschr.
ISSN (print)0043-5325
ISSN (online)1613-7671
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles