How to format your references using the Weed Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Weed Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lavé J (2015) Earth science: Landscape inversion by stream piracy. Nature 520:442–444
A journal article with 2 authors
Leinwand LA, Moss RL (2011) Medicine. Chemically tuned myosin motors. Science 331:1392–1393
A journal article with 3 authors
Komarneni S, Kozai N, Paulus WJ (2001) Environment. Superselective clay for radium uptake. Nature 410:771
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li X, Wang X, Zhang L, Lee S, Dai H (2008) Chemically derived, ultrasmooth graphene nanoribbon semiconductors. Science 319:1229–1232

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoux É (2008) Markov Processes and Applications: Algorithms, Networks, Genome and Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Rebizant W (2011) Digital Signal Processing in Power System Protection and Control. Page (J Szafran, A Wiszniewski, eds.). London: Springer. XVI, 316 p p
A chapter in an edited book
Othieno H, Awange J (2016) Energy Resources in Western and Central Africa. Pages 165–192 in J Awange, ed. Energy Resources in Africa: Distribution, Opportunities and Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Weed Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dumb or Dumber? Jim Carrey’s Anti-Vax Antics Expose the Tactics of Internet Cranks. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Procedures for Evaluating Research and Development Contracts in the Department of Transportation. PSAD-78-110. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman F (2013) Terra Forming with You and Me. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (2002) Notes From the Underground: New Yorkers Share Their Subway Stories. New York Times:146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lavé 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lavé 2015, Leinwand and Moss 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leinwand and Moss 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleWeed Technology
AbbreviationWeed Technol.
ISSN (print)0890-037X
ISSN (online)1550-2740
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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