How to format your references using the ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Esteban E. Sarmiento. 2010. Comment on the paleobiology and classification of Ardipithecus ramidus. Science 328, 5982 (May 2010), 1105; author reply 1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mischa Megens and Joanna Aizenberg. 2003. Capillary attraction: like-charged particles at liquid interfaces. Nature 424, 6952 (August 2003), 1014; discussion 1014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tim Bartels, Joanna G. Choi, and Dennis J. Selkoe. 2011. α-Synuclein occurs physiologically as a helically folded tetramer that resists aggregation. Nature 477, 7362 (August 2011), 107–110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pengzhan Sun, Feng Zheng, Miao Zhu, Kunlin Wang, Minlin Zhong, Dehai Wu, and Hongwei Zhu. 2014. Realizing synchronous energy harvesting and ion separation with graphene oxide membranes. Sci. Rep. 4, (July 2014), 5528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure. 1993. Particle Size Classifiers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Manfred Cierpka (Ed.). 2016. Regulatory Disorders in Infants: Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Nira Alperson-Afil and Naama Goren-Inbar. 2016. Scarce but Significant: The Limestone Component of the Acheulean Site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel. In The Nature of Culture: Based on an Interdisciplinary Symposium ‘The Nature of Culture’, Tübingen, Germany, Miriam N. Haidle, Nicholas J. Conard and Michael Bolus (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 41–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems.

Blog post
Katy Evans. 2017. China Plans To Open The World’s First Panda Retirement Home. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Space Station: Inadequate Planning and Design Led to Propulsion Module Project Failure. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alycia Erin Cummings. 2009. Brain and behavior in children with phonological delays: Phonological, lexical, and sensory system interactions. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thomas A. Kelly. 1978. Solutions to the Urban Crisis. New York Times, New Jersey WeeklyNJ26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1550-4832
ISSN (online)1550-4840

Other styles