How to format your references using the ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michel Chapuisat. 2014. Evolution. Smells like queen since the Cretaceous. Science 343, 6168 (January 2014), 254–255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Daniel E. Winkowski and Eric I. Knudsen. 2006. Top-down gain control of the auditory space map by gaze control circuitry in the barn owl. Nature 439, 7074 (January 2006), 336–339.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jonathan B. Losos, David M. Hillis, and Harry W. Greene. 2012. Evolution. Who speaks with a forked tongue? Science 338, 6113 (December 2012), 1428–1429.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. D. Minot, Yuval Yaish, Vera Sazonova, and Paul L. McEuen. 2004. Determination of electron orbital magnetic moments in carbon nanotubes. Nature 428, 6982 (April 2004), 536–539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Werner R. Rosenberger. 2005. Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Peter Reichl, Burkhard Stiller, and Bruno Tuffin (Eds.). 2009. Network Economics for Next Generation Networks: 6th International Workshop on Internet Charging and Qos Technologies, ICQT 2009, Aachen, Germany, May 11-15, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Marcelo N. P. Santana and Alba Cristina M. A. Melo. 2007. Biological Sequence Comparison Application in Heterogeneous Environments with Dynamic Programming Algorithms. In Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: Second Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2007, Angra dos Reis, Brazil, August 29-31, 2007. Proceedings, Marie-France Sagot and Maria Emilia M. T. Walter (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 46–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Bats Use Polarized Light To Calibrate Internal Compass. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Civil Agency Aircraft: Agencies’ Use of Certain Aircraft to Transport Passengers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lauren Partma. 2009. Media: Pretrial publicity and its effects. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ben Brantley. 2017. Returning to Broadway on Heavier Wings. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1550-4832
ISSN (online)1550-4840

Other styles