How to format your references using the ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jennifer Rohn. 2010. Women scientists must speak out. Nature 468, 7325 (December 2010), 733.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. G. Petcherski and J. Kimble. 2000. LAG-3 is a putative transcriptional activator in the C. elegans Notch pathway. Nature 405, 6784 (May 2000), 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paweł Danielewicz, Roy Lacey, and William G. Lynch. 2002. Determination of the equation of state of dense matter. Science 298, 5598 (November 2002), 1592–1596.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruihua Liu, Qiuwen Chen, Bicheng Dong, and Feihai Yu. 2014. Effects of vegetative propagule pressure on the establishment of an introduced clonal plant, Hydrocotyle vulgaris. Sci. Rep. 4, (July 2014), 5507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peter Pollak. 2011. Fine Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Linda Fitzgerald, Melissa Heston, and Deborah Tidwell (Eds.). 2009. Research Methods for the Self-study of Practice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Henk M. W. Verheul and Herbert M. Pinedo. 2005. Angiogenesis inhibitors: What is the clinical future? In Advances in Targeted Cancer Therapy, Paul L. Herrling, Alex Matter and Richard M. Schultz (eds.). Birkhäuser, Basel, 67–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Sex Offending May Be In The Genes But Knowing That Won’t Prevent It. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Telecommunication: Air Force Cost Estimates for Scope Exchange Telephone Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jason A. Page. 2009. Contested urban space: Competing discourses of urban development and environmental conservation in Playa Vista, California. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Pilon, Ken Belson, and Sam Borden. 2014. Fourth. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1550-4832
ISSN (online)1550-4840

Other styles