How to format your references using the ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kenneth L. Tanaka. 2005. Geology and insolation-driven climatic history of Amazonian north polar materials on Mars. Nature 437, 7061 (October 2005), 991–994.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dan R. Littman and Harinder Singh. 2007. Immunology. Asymmetry and immune memory. Science 315, 5819 (March 2007), 1673–1674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong Koo Kim, George W. Hanson, and David A. Geller. 2013. Chemistry. Are gold clusters in RF fields hot or not? Science 340, 6131 (April 2013), 441–442.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stefan Leutgeb, Jill K. Leutgeb, Alessandro Treves, May-Britt Moser, and Edvard I. Moser. 2004. Distinct ensemble codes in hippocampal areas CA3 and CA1. Science 305, 5688 (August 2004), 1295–1298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lydia Schumacher. 2011. Divine Illumination. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Andrei Stalmashonak. 2013. Ultra-Short Pulsed Laser Engineered Metal-Glass Nanocomposites. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Marcelo Reguero, Francisco Goin, Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche, Sergio Marenssi, and Tania Dutra. 2013. The Terrestrial Biotic Dimension of West Antarctica (WANT). In Late Cretaceous/Paleogene West Antarctica Terrestrial Biota and its Intercontinental Affinities, Francisco Goin, Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche, Tania Dutra and Sergio Marenssi (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 55–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. From Cucumber To Plague-Causing Bacteria, Scientists Examine DNA In New York Subways. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daniel J. Dolan. 2017. Structural Evolution of Martin Crater Thaumasia Planum, Mars. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
John Ortved. 2017. Signs of Vitality In the Hamptons. New York Times, ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1550-4832
ISSN (online)1550-4840

Other styles