How to format your references using the ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kathleen D. Vohs. 2013. Psychology. The poor’s poor mental power. Science 341, 6149 (August 2013), 969–970.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marc D. Sharp and Kit Pogliano. 2002. Role of cell-specific SpoIIIE assembly in polarity of DNA transfer. Science 295, 5552 (January 2002), 137–139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaiwen Xia, Ares J. Rosakis, and Hiroo Kanamori. 2004. Laboratory earthquakes: the sub-Rayleigh-to-supershear rupture transition. Science 303, 5665 (March 2004), 1859–1861.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zachary E. Perlman, Michael D. Slack, Yan Feng, Timothy J. Mitchison, Lani F. Wu, and Steven J. Altschuler. 2004. Multidimensional drug profiling by automated microscopy. Science 306, 5699 (November 2004), 1194–1198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. James Taylor, Peter C. Young, and Arun Chotai. 2013. True Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Patricia Melin, Oscar Castillo, and Janusz Kacprzyk (Eds.). 2015. Design of Intelligent Systems Based on Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks and Nature-Inspired Optimization. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
L. E. Cross. 2008. Relaxor Ferroelectrics. In Piezoelectricity: Evolution and Future of a Technology, Karl Lubitz and Wolfram Wersing (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 131–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2014. Scientists Edge Closer To Stem Cell Therapy For Parkinson’s. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Public Assistance: PARIS Project Can Help States Reduce Improper Benefit Payments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arjun B. Prasad. 2010. Analyzing comparative sequence data to understand genome function and evolution. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James C. McKINLEY Jr. 2017. State Senators Confirm First Openly Gay Judge For New York’s Top Court. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1550-4832
ISSN (online)1550-4840

Other styles