How to format your references using the ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ahmet E. Kideys. 2002. Ecology. Fall and rise of the Black Sea ecosystem. Science 297, 5586 (August 2002), 1482–1484.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alan Bernstein and Janet Rossant. 2013. Anthony James Pawson (1952-2013). Nature 501, 7466 (September 2013), 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marcia Regina Salvadori, Cláudio Augusto Oller Nascimento, and Benedito Corrêa. 2014. Nickel oxide nanoparticles film produced by dead biomass of filamentous fungus. Sci. Rep. 4, (September 2014), 6404.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ming O. Li, Matthew R. Sarkisian, Wajahat Z. Mehal, Pasko Rakic, and Richard A. Flavell. 2003. Phosphatidylserine receptor is required for clearance of apoptotic cells. Science 302, 5650 (November 2003), 1560–1563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jens Hagen. 2017. Chemiereaktoren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bonnie Kaul Nastasi and Amanda P. Borja (Eds.). 2016. International Handbook of Psychological Well-Being in Children and Adolescents: Bridging the Gaps Between Theory, Research, and Practice (1st ed. 2016 ed.). Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Michaela Kuhn. 2009. Function and Dysfunction of Mammalian Membrane Guanylyl Cyclase Receptors: Lessons from Genetic Mouse Models and Implications for Human Diseases. In cGMP: Generators, Effectors and Therapeutic Implications, Harald H. H. W. Schmidt, Franz Hofmann and Johannes-Peter Stasch (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 47–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems.

Blog post
Alfredo Carpineti. 2015. Tesla Motors Launches “Autopilot” Update That Controls Motors, Braking And Steering. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Challenges in Responding to Task Force Recommendations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naoki Ogawa. 2012. A Man Walks into the World. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jane Kamensky. 2017. Red, White, Black and Blue. New York Times, BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems
AbbreviationACM J. Emerg. Technol. Comput. Syst.
ISSN (print)1550-4832
ISSN (online)1550-4840

Other styles