How to format your references using the Webbia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Webbia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski D. 2002. Satellite set to keep track of whales. Nature. 415:354.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cirac JI, Zoller P. 2000. A scalable quantum computer with ions in an array of microtraps. Nature. 404:579–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hermans TM, Frauenrath H, Stellacci F. 2013. Materials science. Droplets out of equilibrium. Science. 341:243–244.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Li F, Li W, Farzan M, Harrison SC. 2005. Structure of SARS coronavirus spike receptor-binding domain complexed with receptor. Science. 309:1864–1868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova DA, Fabozzi FJ. 2010. Simulation and Optimization in Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pelliccia A, editor. 2009. Sports Cardiology Casebook. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mostofi Y, Ghaffarkhah A. 2011. Kalman Filtering Over Wireless Fading Channels. In: Mazumder SK, editor. Wireless Networking Based Control. New York, NY: Springer; p. 103–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Webbia.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Male Worm Brains are Wired to Choose Sex Over Food. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2007 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oparnica D. 2013. The role of nurses in health care reform: A project report [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2016. Review: ‘Audrie & Daisy,’ on Sexual Assault and Technology. New York Times.:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cirac & Zoller 2000; Cyranoski 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cirac & Zoller 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleWebbia
ISSN (print)0083-7792
ISSN (online)2169-4060
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles