How to format your references using the Webbia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Webbia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens B. 2015. Addiction. Nature. 522(7557):S45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kubatko LS, Pearl DK. 2011. Evolution. Seeing the trees in your terrace. Science. 333(6041):411–412.
A journal article with 3 authors
LeCun Y, Bengio Y, Hinton G. 2015. Deep learning. Nature. 521(7553):436–444.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Zhang Y, Tang T-T, Girit C, Hao Z, Martin MC, Zettl A, Crommie MF, Shen YR, Wang F. 2009. Direct observation of a widely tunable bandgap in bilayer graphene. Nature. 459(7248):820–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tunley M, Whittaker A, Gee J, Button M. 2015. The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Inamuddin, Luqman M, editors. 2012. Ion Exchange Technology II: Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreimeyer M, Lindemann U. 2011. Modeling the structure of design processes. In: Lindemann U, editor. Complexity Metrics in Engineering Design: Managing the Structure of Design Processes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 101–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Webbia.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2015. Watch Food Being Digested In This Fascinating And Gross Video. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. National Assessment of Educational Progress: Its Results Need To Be Made More Useful. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green JT. 2010. The relationship between technology support and extent of technology integration into college-level foreign language curricula [Doctoral dissertation]. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2006. Beleaguered Russian Orchestra Tours U.S. New York Times.:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Owens 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kubatko and Pearl 2011; Owens 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kubatko and Pearl 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleWebbia
ISSN (print)0083-7792
ISSN (online)2169-4060
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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