How to format your references using the Webbia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Webbia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Westerfeld S. 2000. All is not lost. Nature. 406(6793):241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellman A, Chess A. 2007. Gene body-specific methylation on the active X chromosome. Science. 315(5815):1141–1143.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roscioli JR, McCunn LR, Johnson MA. 2007. Quantum structure of the intermolecular proton bond. Science. 316(5822):249–254.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Ryazanova LV, Hu Z, Suzuki S, Chubanov V, Fleig A, Ryazanov AG. 2014. Elucidating the role of the TRPM7 alpha-kinase: TRPM7 kinase inactivation leads to magnesium deprivation resistance phenotype in mice. Sci Rep. 4:7599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arduin P-E, Grundstein M, Rosenthal-Sabroux C. 2015. Information and Knowledge System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tuniz C. 2010. I lettori di ossa. Gillespie R, Jones C, editors. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gentile C, Alsindi N, Raulefs R, Teolis C. 2013. Cellular Localization. In: Alsindi N, Raulefs R, Teolis C, editors. Geolocation Techniques: Principles and Applications. New York, NY: Springer; p. 137–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Webbia.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Japan Wants To Put A Giant Solar Farm In Space. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Catalog of Human Resource Development Activities, 1988. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogri D. 2017. Effect of Water Hardness on Adsorption of Lead From Aqueous Solutions Using Douglas Fir Biochar [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2017. DJ Khaled Spends A 2nd Week on Top. New York Times.:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Westerfeld 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Westerfeld 2000; Hellman and Chess 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hellman and Chess 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ryazanova et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWebbia
ISSN (print)0083-7792
ISSN (online)2169-4060
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles