How to format your references using the Webbia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Webbia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Bergh S. 2007. Galaxy morphology: out of order. Nature. 445:265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jinek M, Doudna JA. 2009. A three-dimensional view of the molecular machinery of RNA interference. Nature. 457:405–412.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang C, Shim M, Guyot-Sionnest P. 2001. Electrochromic nanocrystal quantum dots. Science. 291:2390–2392.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Chen C-L, Qi J, Tao J, Zuckermann RN, DeYoreo JJ. 2014. Tuning calcite morphology and growth acceleration by a rational design of highly stable protein-mimetics. Sci Rep. 4:6266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannataro M, Guzzi PH. 2011. Data Management of Protein Interaction Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morgenstern L, Stefaneas P, Lévy F, Wyner A, Paschke A, editors. 2013. Theory, Practice, and Applications of Rules on the Web: 7th International Symposium, RuleML 2013, Seattle, WA, USA, July 11-13, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pierce B, Weng Z. 2007. Structure Prediction of Protein Complexes. In: Xu Y, Xu D, Liang J, editors. Computational Methods for Protein Structure Prediction and Modeling: Volume 2: Structure Prediction. New York, NY: Springer; p. 109–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Webbia.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Bizarre Fish Monsters Are Raining Down From The Sky In Alaska. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Space Data: Information on Data Storage Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins AK. 2008. Satisfaction and organizational commitment of civilian engineers and scientists in United States naval acquisition [Doctoral dissertation]. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2017. Concert Giants Seek Gold in New York Grit. New York Times.:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Bergh 2007).
This sentence cites two references (van den Bergh 2007; van den Bergh 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jinek & Doudna 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWebbia
ISSN (print)0083-7792
ISSN (online)2169-4060
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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