How to format your references using the Webbia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Webbia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang H. 2014. China must continue the momentum of green law. Nature. 509(7502):535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thurner S, Poledna S. 2013. DebtRank-transparency: controlling systemic risk in financial networks. Sci Rep. 3:1888.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tucker SA, Hanuscin DL, Bearnes CJ. 2008. The pipeline. Igniting girls’ interest in science. Science. 319(5870):1621–1622.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Liu A, Ren X, An M, Zhang J, Yang P, Wang B, Zhu Y, Wang C. 2014. A combined theoretical and experimental study for silver electroplating. Sci Rep. 4:3837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon ME. 2009. Trump University Entrepreneurship 101. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brown KB, editor. 2012. A Comparative Look at Regulation of Corporate Tax Avoidance. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreutzer RT, Land K-H. 2015. How the Social Revolution Is to Be Managed. In: Land K-H, editor. Digital Darwinism: Branding and Business Models in Jeopardy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 99–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Webbia.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. Gravitational Waves Help Unravel The History Of Black Holes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Expenditures of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for Public Relations Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gullett DL. 2017. Lived Experience of Suffering through the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti [Doctoral dissertation]. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M. 2017. September’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times.:RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yang 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Thurner and Poledna 2013; Yang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thurner and Poledna 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWebbia
ISSN (print)0083-7792
ISSN (online)2169-4060
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles