How to format your references using the Webbia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Webbia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miralda-Escudé J. 2003. The Dark Age of the universe. Science. 300(5627):1904–1909.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dennett-Thorpe J, de Bruyn AG. 2002. Interstellar scintillation as the origin of the rapid radio variability of the quasar J1819+3845. Nature. 415(6867):57–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stunnenberg HG, Vermeulen M, Atlasi Y. 2015. Developmental biology. A Me6Age for pluripotency. Science. 347(6222):614–615.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Swedlow JR, Goldberg I, Brauner E, Sorger PK. 2003. Informatics and quantitative analysis in biological imaging. Science. 300(5616):100–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Candy JV. 2005. Model-Based Signal Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Raffa RB, Tallarida RJ, editors. 2010. Chemo Fog: Cancer Chemotherapy-Related Cognitive Impairment. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee RS, Diamond DA. 2009. Perinatal Urology. In: Avner E, Harmon W, Niaudet P, Yoshikawa N, editors. Pediatric Nephrology: Sixth Completely Revised, Updated and Enlarged Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 95–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Webbia.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2014. Incredible Dolphin Birth at Dolphin Quest Hawaii. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials Are Widely Used in Commerce, but EPA Faces Challenges in Regulating Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bombard B. 2012. Literature circles book club for science and language arts [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Galchen R. 2015. Nobody’s Fool. New York Times.:M2165.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miralda-Escudé 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dennett-Thorpe & de Bruyn 2002; Miralda-Escudé 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dennett-Thorpe & de Bruyn 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Swedlow et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleWebbia
ISSN (print)0083-7792
ISSN (online)2169-4060
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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