How to format your references using the Coevolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coevolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selman JR. 2009. Materials science. Poison-tolerant fuel cells. Science. 326(5949):52–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
Battisti DS, Naylor RL. 2009. Historical warnings of future food insecurity with unprecedented seasonal heat. Science. 323(5911):240–244.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krug AZ, Jablonski D, Valentine JW. 2009. Signature of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction in the modern biota. Science. 323(5915):767–771.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Krause S, Berbil-Bautista L, Herzog G, Bode M, Wiesendanger R. 2007. Current-induced magnetization switching with a spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscope. Science. 317(5844):1537–1540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frikha M. 2013. Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Li S, Wang X, Okazaki Y, Kawabe J, Murofushi T, Guan L, editors. 2011. Nonlinear Mathematics for Uncertainty and its Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zimmermann R, Marchal-Crespo L, Lambercy O, Fluet M-C, Metzger J-C, Edelmann J, Brand J, Eng K, Riener R, Wolf M, Gassert R. 2013. What’s Your Next Move? Detecting Movement Intention for Stroke Rehabilitation. In: Guger C, Allison BZ, Edlinger G, editors. Brain-Computer Interface Research: A State-of-the-Art Summary. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 23–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coevolution.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. What The World’s Oldest Calculator Tells Us About The Ancient Greeks’ View Of The Universe. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. FCC: Provision of Roaming Services by Commercial Mobile Radio Service Providers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liburd-Shaddai JL. 2012. The experiences of remedial instructors at one urban community college: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Berkman S. 2017. After Harvey Is Disciplined, The Marlins Punish His Fill-In. New York Times.:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Selman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Battisti & Naylor 2009; Selman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Battisti & Naylor 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Krause et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoevolution
ISSN (online)2325-6214

Other styles