How to format your references using the Coevolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coevolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Voorhees PW. 2006. Materials science. Step dances on silicon. Science. 313(5791):1247–1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedstrom L, Frey PA. 2000. Robert H. Abeles (1926-2000). Nature. 407(6806):854.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tewksbury JJ, Huey RB, Deutsch CA. 2008. Ecology. Putting the heat on tropical animals. Science. 320(5881):1296–1297.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Reithmaier G, Lichtmannecker S, Reichert T, Hasch P, Müller K, Bichler M, Gross R, Finley JJ. 2013. On-chip time resolved detection of quantum dot emission using integrated superconducting single photon detectors. Sci Rep. 3:1901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wahbi M. 2013. Algorithms and Ordering Heuristics for Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Engelken-Jorge M, Güell PI, del Río CM, editors. 2011. Politics and Emotions: The Obama Phenomenon. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
A chapter in an edited book
Pascucci A, Runggaldier WJ. 2009. Tassi d’interesse. In: Runggaldier WJ, editor. Finanza Matematica: Teoria e problemi per modelli multiperiodali. Milano: Springer; p. 199–261.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coevolution.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. The Human Sense Of Smell Is Better Than You Think. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Vocational Training Contracts Awarded to Engineering Drafting School, Inc., Denver, Colorado. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrus AK. 2017. Cellular and Proteomic Characterization of the Innate Immune Response in Wasting Bat Stars (Patiria miniata) [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. 2010. Scouting Report. New York Times.:E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Voorhees 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hedstrom and Frey 2000; Voorhees 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hedstrom and Frey 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Reithmaier et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoevolution
ISSN (online)2325-6214

Other styles