How to format your references using the Coevolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coevolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eliezer D. 2012. Biochemistry. Visualizing amyloid assembly. Science. 336(6079):308–309.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLeod DA, Morse AP. 2014. Visualizing the uncertainty in the relationship between seasonal average climate and malaria risk. Sci Rep. 4:7264.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hochberg YV, Serrano C, Ziedonis R. 2015. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Intangible but bankable. Science. 348(6240):1202.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Bhattacharyya RP, Reményi A, Good MC, Bashor CJ, Falick AM, Lim WA. 2006. The Ste5 scaffold allosterically modulates signaling output of the yeast mating pathway. Science. 311(5762):822–826.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaut Roth C, Faulkner WH Jr. 2013. Review Questions for MRI. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Bellomo N. 2013. Complex Systems and Society: Modeling and Simulation. Ajmone Marsan G, Tosin A, editors. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
White J, Schnurr MP. 2012. Developmental Psychology. In: Leong FTL, Pickren WE, Leach MM, Marsella AJ, editors. Internationalizing the Psychology Curriculum in the United States. New York, NY: Springer; p. 51–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coevolution.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. This Video From Space Shows Two People Walking Round A Corner In North Korea. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Information Technology Investment Management: An Overview of GAO’s Assessment Framework (Exposure Draft). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson P. 2012. An exploratory study of work-related imagined interactions with real-life coworkers [Doctoral dissertation]. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM, Rosenberg E. 2016. ­Recreation and Commerce Collide on City’s Crowded Waterways. New York Times.:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eliezer 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Eliezer 2012; MacLeod and Morse 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacLeod and Morse 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bhattacharyya et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoevolution
ISSN (online)2325-6214

Other styles