How to format your references using the Coevolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coevolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris H. 2004. Tumour suppression: putting on the brakes. Nature. 427:201.
A journal article with 2 authors
Edwards M, Richardson AJ. 2004. Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatch. Nature. 430:881–884.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barsh GS, Farooqi IS, O’Rahilly S. 2000. Genetics of body-weight regulation. Nature. 404:644–651.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Xu X, Wittenberg NJ, Jordan LR, Kumar S, Watzlawik JO, Warrington AE, Oh S-H, Rodriguez M. 2013. A patterned recombinant human IgM guides neurite outgrowth of CNS neurons. Sci Rep. 3:2267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant FM. 2004. Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Haubold B. 2006. Introduction to Computational Biology: An Evolutionary Approach. Wiehe T, editor. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Colussi IA. 2014. The Role of Responsible Stewardship in Nanotechnology and Synthetic Biology. In: Arnaldi S, Ferrari A, Magaudda P, Marin F, editors. Responsibility in Nanotechnology Development. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 53–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coevolution.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Rombertik ‘Kamikaze Virus’ Is Inventive And Aggressive, But It’s Not The End Of The World. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. National Aero-Space Plane: Restructuring Future Research and Development Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katsky CS. 2015. Open Secrets: Congressional Oversight of the CIA in the Early Cold War [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. 2014. Not Over Till Overtime’s Due? Met Labor Strife Bares Secrets. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harris 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Harris 2004; Edwards & Richardson 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Edwards & Richardson 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoevolution
ISSN (online)2325-6214

Other styles