How to format your references using the Coevolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coevolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight J. 2003. Turning technology into gold. Nature. 426(6967):708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratcliffe JM, Nydam ML. 2008. Multimodal warning signals for a multiple predator world. Nature. 455(7209):96–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Torres MA, West AJ, Li G. 2014. Sulphide oxidation and carbonate dissolution as a source of CO2 over geological timescales. Nature. 507(7492):346–349.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Michaloglou C, Vredeveld LCW, Soengas MS, Denoyelle C, Kuilman T, van der Horst CMAM, Majoor DM, Shay JW, Mooi WJ, Peeper DS. 2005. BRAFE600-associated senescence-like cell cycle arrest of human naevi. Nature. 436(7051):720–724.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lütolf-Carroll C, Antti Pirnes, Withers LLP. 2009. From Innovation to Cash Flows. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fernandes JM, Machado RJ, Wnuk K, editors. 2015. Software Business: 6th International Conference, ICSOB 2015, Braga, Portugal, June 10-12, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sandberg R. 2014. Least Absolute Deviation Based Unit Root Tests in Smooth Transition Type of Models. In: Schleer-van Gellecom F, editor. Advances in Non-linear Economic Modeling: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 141–166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coevolution.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. Watch A Supernova Remnant Expand Before Your Eyes. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority: Information on Contracting at Washington Dulles International Airport and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport Between 1992 and 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hayes ET. 2012. Musical improvisation and the creative process [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM. 2015. U.A.W. Leaders Approve Proposed G.M. Contract. New York Times.:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Knight 2003; Ratcliffe and Nydam 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ratcliffe and Nydam 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Michaloglou et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoevolution
ISSN (online)2325-6214

Other styles