How to format your references using the Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ginsparg, P. (2011). ArXiv at 20. Nature, 476(7359), 145–147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanno, K.-I., & Willcox, G. (2006). How fast was wild wheat domesticated? Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5769), 1886.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wechsler, T., Newman, S., & West, S. C. (2011). Aberrant chromosome morphology in human cells defective for Holliday junction resolution. Nature, 471(7340), 642–646.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Salzmann, C. G., Radaelli, P. G., Hallbrucker, A., Mayer, E., & Finney, J. L. (2006). The preparation and structures of hydrogen ordered phases of ice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5768), 1758–1761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE technical manual. (1998). Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Khoury, R. (2016). Numerical Methods and Modelling for Engineering (D. W. Harder, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yadav, A. K., Vashisth, S., Singh, H., & Singh, K. (2015). Optical Cryptography and Watermarking Using Some Fractional Canonical Transforms, and Structured Masks. In V. Lakshminarayanan & I. Bhattacharya (Eds.), Advances in Optical Science and Engineering: Proceedings of the First International Conference, IEM OPTRONIX 2014 (pp. 25–36). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 15). Large African Cat Spotted On Vancouver Island. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Cargo Tank Trucks: Improved Incident Data and Regulatory Analysis Would Better Inform Decisions about Safety Risks (GAO-13-721). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Felice, D. (2013). A Phenomenological Study of Teaching Endangered Languages Online: Perspectives from Nahua and Mayan Educators [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, March 11). The Burden Of Pensions On States. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ginsparg, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ginsparg, 2011; Tanno & Willcox, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tanno & Willcox, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Wechsler et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Salzmann et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice
ISSN (print)1752-1882
ISSN (online)1752-1890
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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