How to format your references using the Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferguson, S. M. (2015). MEDICINE. Membrane traffic en route to cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6257), 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Demaurex, N., & Poburko, D. (2009). Cell biology. A revolving door for calcium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5949), 57–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, C., Chan, C. T., & Hu, X. (2014). Broadband focusing and collimation of water waves by zero refractive index. Scientific Reports, 4, 6979.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koller, G., Berkebile, S., Oehzelt, M., Puschnig, P., Ambrosch-Draxl, C., Netzer, F. P., & Ramsey, M. G. (2007). Intra- and intermolecular band dispersion in an organic crystal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5836), 351–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, E., & Noppe-Brandon, S. (2011). Imagination First. Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Athreya, K. B. (2006). Measure Theory and Probability Theory (S. N. Lahiri, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mandal, B., & Chakrabarti, A. (2015). Equivalent Orthotropic Plate Model for Fibre Reinforced Plastic Sandwich Bridge Deck Panels with Various Core Configurations. In V. Matsagar (Ed.), Advances in Structural Engineering: Mechanics, Volume One (pp. 43–53). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, June 6). Rescued Circus Lions Rehomed In South African Sanctuary Found Mutilated By Poachers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices (HRD-91-112). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, W. (2012). Impacts of storms and sea-level rise on coastal evolution between two capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, T. (2015, December 24). How a Marriage of Equals May Promote Inequality. New York Times, BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferguson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Demaurex & Poburko, 2009; Ferguson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Demaurex & Poburko, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Koller et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCoaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice
ISSN (print)1752-1882
ISSN (online)1752-1890
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Psychology

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