How to format your references using the Water Resources and Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources and Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dalton, California stem-cell institute fights legal challenges, Nature. 435 (2005) 544.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.J. Richerson, R. Boyd, Migration: an engine for social change, Nature. 456 (2008) 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.S. Winter, B.J. Clark, J.S. Taube, Spatial navigation. Disruption of the head direction cell network impairs the parahippocampal grid cell signal, Science. 347 (2015) 870–874.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Jiao, T. Chen, J. Xiong, T. Wang, G. Lu, J. Ye, Y. Bi, Visible-light-driven photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic performances of Cr-doped SrTiO3/TiO2 heterostructured nanotube arrays, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-F. Daïan, Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 3, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
P. Dorey, The British Coalition Government, 2010-2015: A Marriage of Inconvenience, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Lemmerich, M. Atzmueller, Describing Locations Using Tags and Images: Explorative Pattern Mining in Social Media, in: M. Atzmueller, A. Chin, D. Helic, A. Hotho (Eds.), Modeling and Mining Ubiquitous Social Media: International Workshops MSM 2011, Boston, MA, USA, October 9, 2011, and MUSE 2011, Athens, Greece, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 77–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources and Industry.

Blog post
T. Hale, Climate Change Set To Halve Global Coffee Production By 2050, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2009 Expenditure Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.M. Bradnan, Cherelle Wilt in Theobroma cacao, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.B. Stewart, Iconic Retailer in Slow Decline, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources and Industry
AbbreviationWater Resour. Ind.
ISSN (print)2212-3717

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