How to format your references using the Water Resources and Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources and Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Brumfiel, Gravity experiment sparks spat between physicists, Nature. 421 (2003) 198.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Weitzer, J. Martinez, The human RNA kinase hClp1 is active on 3’ transfer RNA exons and short interfering RNAs, Nature. 447 (2007) 222–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.J. Wiser, N. Ribeck, R.E. Lenski, Long-term dynamics of adaptation in asexual populations, Science. 342 (2013) 1364–1367.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Santarelli, R. Gonnella, G. Di Giovenale, L. Cuomo, A. Capobianchi, M. Granato, G. Gentile, A. Faggioni, M. Cirone, STAT3 activation by KSHV correlates with IL-10, IL-6 and IL-23 release and an autophagic block in dendritic cells, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.J. McMillan, Not-for-Profit Budgeting and Financial Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Y. Shi, D.O. Clegg, eds., Stem Cell Research and Therapeutics, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Feller, K.A. Peterson, B. Ruscic, Improved accuracy benchmarks of small molecules using correlation consistent basis sets, in: A.K. Wilson, K.A. Peterson, D.E. Woon (Eds.), Thom H. Dunning, Jr: A Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015: pp. 31–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources and Industry.

Blog post
J. Fang, Marmoset Babies Learn to Wait for Their Turn to Talk, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Motor Carrier Safety: Commercial Vehicle Registration Program Has Kept Unsafe Carriers from Operating, but Effectiveness Is Difficult to Measure, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Smith, Outsider leadership transitions: A phenomenological study of Army Reserve General Officers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Kaplan, Ladies’ Man, New York Times. (2013) MM44.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources and Industry
AbbreviationWater Resour. Ind.
ISSN (print)2212-3717

Other styles