How to format your references using the Water Resources and Industry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources and Industry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Bernardini, Astronomy. Astronomy in the time domain, Science. 331 (2011) 686–687.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.B. Petro, D.A. Relman, Public health. Understanding threats to scientific openness, Science. 302 (2003) 1898.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.H. Lustig, L.A. Schmidt, C.D. Brindis, Public health: The toxic truth about sugar, Nature. 482 (2012) 27–29.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Mancera, R. Bourgon, A. Brozzi, W. Huber, L.M. Steinmetz, High-resolution mapping of meiotic crossovers and non-crossovers in yeast, Nature. 454 (2008) 479–485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Rasch, D. Schott, Mathematische Statistik, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2015.
An edited book
W.S. Bainbridge, ed., Online Worlds: Convergence of the Real and the Virtual, Springer, London, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Nguyen, J. Park, Development of Stepped-Frequency Continuous-Wave Radar Sensors, in: J. Park (Ed.), Stepped-Frequency Radar Sensors: Theory, Analysis and Design, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 65–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources and Industry.

Blog post
T. Hale, Prepare Yourself For A Global Pistachio Shortage This Year, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Risk Management: Further Refinements Needed to Assess Risks and Prioritize Protective Measures at Ports and Other Critical Infrastructure, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.T. Valley, Deciphering the function of granule cell interneurons in the mouse main olfactory bulb: Insights from adult neurogenesis and local-field potentials, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Europe Mission Chief Departs, New York Times. (2002) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources and Industry
AbbreviationWater Resour. Ind.
ISSN (print)2212-3717

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