How to format your references using the European Journal of Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Varmus tells Congress to grasp thorny policy issues. Nature. 2000; 404:530.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bays PM, Husain M. Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision. Science. 2008; 321:851–854.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Aizen MA, Sabatino M, Tylianakis JM. Specialization and rarity predict nonrandom loss of interactions from mutualist networks. Science. 2012; 335:1486–1489.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1. Svetovoy VB, Sanders RGP, Ma K, Elwenspoek MC. New type of microengine using internal combustion of hydrogen and oxygen. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4:4296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Reeve WD. DC Power System Design for Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Bandyopadhyay S. Classification and Learning Using Genetic Algorithms: Applications in Bioinformatics and Web Intelligence. (Pal SK, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Schaathun HG, Cohen GD. A Trellis-Based Bound on (2,1)-Separating Codes. In: Smart NP, ed. Cryptography and Coding: 10th IMA International Conference, Cirencester, UK, December 19-21, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005:59–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Immunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Awesome Timelapse Shows You The Life Cycle Of A Butterfly. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/monarch-butterfly-larvae-finds-its-wings0/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA: Lack of Disciplined Cost-Estimating Processes Hinders Effective Program Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Trichon MC. Self-Help Conferences for People Who Stutter: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Lee L. Whatever Floats Your Soap. New York Times. 2014:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1],[2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Immunology
AbbreviationEur. J. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0014-2980
ISSN (online)1521-4141
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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