How to format your references using the European Journal of Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jokipii JR. Planetary science. A local wiggle in the turbulent interstellar magnetic field. Science. 2007; 316:839–840.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Domcke W, Sobolewski AL. Chemistry. Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of photoacidity. Science. 2003; 302:1693–1694.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yuan X, Xiao S, Taylor TN. Lichen-like symbiosis 600 million years ago. Science. 2005; 308:1017–1020.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1. Dong KF, Li HH, Peng YG, Ju G, Chow GM, Chen JS. Nanogranular TiN-ZrO₂ intermediate layer induced improvement of isolation and grain size of FePt thin films. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4:5607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rogers DW. Concise Physical Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Rovenský J, Payer J eds. Dictionary of Rheumatology. Vienna: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cohen YH, Reich Y. Literature Review Conclusions and Definition of Research Target. In: Reich Y, ed. Biomimetic Design Method for Innovation and Sustainability. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:45–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Immunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Stephen Hawking Claims Aggression Will Be Downfall of Human Race. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/stephen-hawking-claims-aggression-will-be-downfall-human-race/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Challenges in Monitoring Program Quality and Demonstrating Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lewis DS. Global Educational Ecosystem: Case study of a partnership with K–12 schools, community organizations, and business. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Friday File: When the Ball First Dropped on New Year’s Eve. New York Times. 2016:C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1],[2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Immunology
AbbreviationEur. J. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0014-2980
ISSN (online)1521-4141
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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