How to format your references using the European Journal of Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Long SR. Symbiosis: Receptive to infection. Nature. 2015; 523:298–299.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zamore PD, Haley B. Ribo-gnome: the big world of small RNAs. Science. 2005; 309:1519–1524.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li G-W, Oh E, Weissman JS. The anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence drives translational pausing and codon choice in bacteria. Nature. 2012; 484:538–541.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1. Tiscareno MS, Burns JA, Hedman MM, Porco CC, Weiss JW, Dones L, Richardson DC, et al. 100-metre-diameter moonlets in Saturn’s A ring from observations of ‘propeller’ structures. Nature. 2006; 440:648–650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Recho N. Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Rojas I, Joya G, Cabestany J eds. Advances in Computational Intelligence: 12th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2013, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, June 12-14, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Schmidt J-M, Plos T, Kirschbaum M, Hutter M, Medwed M, Herbst C. Side-Channel Leakage across Borders. In: Gollmann D, Lanet J-L, Iguchi-Cartigny J, eds. Smart Card Research and Advanced Application: 9th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2010, Passau, Germany, April 14-16, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Immunology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Newly Discovered Dinosaur Had Neck Half The Length Of Its Body. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/newly-discovered-dinosaur-had-neck-half-length-its-body/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds: Examples from Selected GAO Work. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Stuehling AL. ‘We Speak “Hola” In School’: A Case Study of Global Education in a Partial-Immersion Spanish Preschool. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Baker AL, McKINLEY JC Jr. Bullet in Bronx Takes a Detour, Turning Deadly. New York Times. 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1],[2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Immunology
AbbreviationEur. J. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0014-2980
ISSN (online)1521-4141
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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