How to format your references using the Current Radiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Radiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Pharmacogenetics initiative galvanizes public and private sectors. Nature. 2001;410:393–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Apps R, Carrington M. Response to Comment on “Influence of HLA-C expression level on HIV control.” Science. 2013;341:1175.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Micklos D, Lauter S, Nisselle A. Essays on science and society. Lessons from a science education portal. Science. 2011;334:1657–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Aubert J, Amit H, Hulot G, Olson P. Thermochemical flows couple the Earth’s inner core growth to mantle heterogeneity. Nature. 2008;454:758–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rosenbaum J, Pearl J. Investment Banking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Dorizzi B, Chollet G, Petrovska-Delacrétaz D, editors. Guide to Biometric Reference Systems and Performance Evaluation. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hesthaven JS, Rozza G, Stamm B. Certified Error Control. In: Rozza G, Stamm B, editors. Certified Reduced Basis Methods for Parametrized Partial Differential Equations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 45–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Radiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. The Leonid Meteor Shower Peaks TONIGHT - Here’s How To Watch [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Need To Reexamine JTIDS Requirements and Architecture. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Apr. Report No.: MASAD-82-28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Charles J-G. African American Ninth-Grade Students’ Engagement and Learning in Mathematics: A Case Study of Parent-Teacher Collaboration [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Has Another Debt Worry on Horizon. New York Times. 2015 Aug 5;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Radiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Radiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4825

Other styles