How to format your references using the Current Radiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Radiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Coward F. Archaeology. Standing on the shoulders of giants. Science. 2008;319:1493–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chow BY, Boyden ES. Physiology. Synthetic physiology. Science. 2011;332:1508–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Seiffert ER, Simons EL, Attia Y. Fossil evidence for an ancient divergence of lorises and galagos. Nature. 2003;422:421–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lu XL, Lu QH, Li Y, Lu L. Gradient confinement induced uniform tensile ductility in metallic glass. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Illian J, Penttinen A, Stoyan H, Stoyan D. Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Goldberg M, editor. The Dental Pulp: Biology, Pathology, and Regenerative Therapies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. le Blanc I, Schreurs R, Fleuren H, Krikke H. The value of information in a container collection system for end-of-life vehicles. In: Fleuren H, Hertog DD, Kort P, editors. Operations Research Proceedings 2004: Selected Papers of the Annual International Conference of the German Operations Research Society (GOR) Jointly Organized with the Netherlands Society for Operations Research (NGB) Tilburg, September 1–3, 2004. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Radiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Hearing Restored in Mice with Genetic Deafness using Gene Therapy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Voice of America: Management Actions Needed to Adjust to a Changing Environment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-92-150.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fulton E. Differential effects of nicotine on prospective memory, sustained attention, and working memory [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. On Racy Christopher Street, Anxiety Over a Possible BID. New York Times. 2002 Sep 22;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Radiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Radiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4825

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