How to format your references using the Water-Energy Nexus citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water-Energy Nexus. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Park, R.W., 2014. Anthropology. Stories of Arctic colonization. Science 345, 1004–1005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsukevich, D.N., Kuzmich, A., 2004. Quantum state transfer between matter and light. Science 306, 663–666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brun, T., Devetak, I., Hsieh, M.-H., 2006. Correcting quantum errors with entanglement. Science 314, 436–439.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bendkowsky, V., Butscher, B., Nipper, J., Shaffer, J.P., Löw, R., Pfau, T., 2009. Observation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules. Nature 458, 1005–1008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A., Souchet, D., 2014. Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sun, M., Zhang, M., Lin, D., Wang, H. (Eds.), 2013. Chinese Computational Linguistics and Natural Language Processing Based on Naturally Annotated Big Data: 12th China National Conference, CCL 2013 and First International Symposium, NLP-NABD 2013, Suzhou, China, October 10-12, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
DeMaris, A., Selman, S.H., 2013. Additional Inferential Procedures, in: Selman, S.H. (Ed.), Converting Data into Evidence: A Statistics Primer for the Medical Practitioner. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 39–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water-Energy Nexus.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. The EPA Might Have Been Underestimating The Amount Of Methane Emitted By The U.S [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Charter Schools: A Growing and Diverse National Reform Movement (No. T-HEHS-95-52). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, S.D., 2014. Putting out fires: How communication professionals understand and practice conflict resolution (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2017. Scenic Lakes and, Soon, a Town Center. New York Times RE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Park, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Matsukevich and Kuzmich, 2004; Park, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsukevich and Kuzmich, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Bendkowsky et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater-Energy Nexus
ISSN (print)2588-9125

Other styles