How to format your references using the Water citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gilbert, N. Who speaks for science in Europe? Nature 2009, 460, 672–673.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Valiela, I.; Fox, S.E. Ecology. Managing coastal wetlands. Science 2008, 319, 290–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lin, X.; Clark, A.C.; Chan, M.H.W. Probable heat capacity signature of the supersolid transition. Nature 2007, 449, 1025–1028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Turner, M.; Golovko, V.B.; Vaughan, O.P.H.; Abdulkin, P.; Berenguer-Murcia, A.; Tikhov, M.S.; Johnson, B.F.G.; Lambert, R.M. Selective oxidation with dioxygen by gold nanoparticle catalysts derived from 55-atom clusters. Nature 2008, 454, 981–983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vona, L.W. Fraud Data Analytics Methodology; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017; ISBN 9781119270331.
An edited book
1.
Weaver, J.L. Pro JavaFX 2: A Definitive Guide to Rich Clients with Java Technology; Gao, W., Chin, S., Iverson, D., Vos, J., Eds.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2012; ISBN 9781430268727.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Caravagna, G.; Bortolussi, L.; Sanguinetti, G. Matching Models Across Abstraction Levels with Gaussian Processes. In Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 14th International Conference, CMSB 2016, Cambridge, UK, September 21-23, 2016, Proceedings; Bartocci, E., Lio, P., Paoletti, N., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 49–66 ISBN 9783319451763.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti, A. New Asteroid Is Orbiting Jupiter And The Sun The Wrong Way Around Available online: https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-asteroid-is-orbiting-jupiter-and-the-sun-the-wrong-way-around/ (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office DOD and VA: Systematic Data Sharing Would Help Expedite Servicemembers’ Transition to VA Services; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ballan, A.O. The selfie generation: Students’ perceptions of classroom incivility in social work education. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse, L. Supreme Court Turns Down Cases on Religious Separation. New York Times 2007, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWater
AbbreviationWater (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4441
ScopeAquatic Science
Biochemistry
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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