How to format your references using the Safety in Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Safety in Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Roederer M. Leonard Herzenberg (1931-2013). Nature. 2013;504:34.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Higgins CF, Linton KJ. Structural biology. The xyz of ABC transporters. Science. 2001;293:1782–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rohani P, Zhong X, King AA. Contact network structure explains the changing epidemiology of pertussis. Science. 2010;330:982–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Calderón M del C, Rey M-D, Cabrera A, Prieto P. The subtelomeric region is important for chromosome recognition and pairing during meiosis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bhaduri S, Mukesh D. Homogeneous Catalysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1. Piessens F, Viganò L, editors. Principles of Security and Trust: 5th International Conference, POST 2016, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2016, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, April 2–8, 2016, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Klein N, Hurwitz I, Durvasula R. Chagas Disease: Global Epidemiology and Evolving Methods for Control. In: Rao VSH, Durvasula R, editors. Dynamic Models of Infectious Diseases: Volume 1: Vector-Borne Diseases. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 139–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Safety in Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. NASA Sent One Identical Twin Brother To Space For A Year And Studied How It Changed Him — Here Are The First Results [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-sent-one-identical-twin-brother-to-space-for-a-year-and-studied-how-it-changed-him-here-are-the-first-results/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Intermodal Transportation: A Variety of Factors Influence Airport-Intercity Passenger Rail Connectivity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Aug. Report No.: GAO-13-691.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Freeman J. The Loudest Room [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Talbot M. Revisiting the Revolution, This Time as a Tourist. New York Times. 2014 Mar 9;TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSafety in Health
AbbreviationSaf. Health
ISSN (online)2056-5917
Scope

Other styles