How to format your references using the Safety in Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Safety in Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Narain S. Sanitation for all. Nature. 2012;486:185.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Levitan IB, Cibulsky SM. Biochemistry. TRP ion channels--two proteins in one. Science. 2001;293:1270–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nava E, Steiger T, Röder B. Both developmental and adult vision shape body representations. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6622.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li L, Liang J, Chou S-Y, Zhu X, Niu X, ZhibinYu, et al. A solution processed flexible nanocomposite electrode with efficient light extraction for organic light emitting diodes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Villalta T. The Large-Cap Portfolio. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Losada DE, Fernández-Luna JM, editors. Advances in Information Retrieval: 27th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2005, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, March 21-23, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Steinhauer C, Forthmann C, Jungmann R, Vogelsang J, Simmel FC, Tinnefeld P. Nanoscopy Using Localization and Temporal Separation of Fluorescence From Single Molecules. In: Bartolo BD, Collins J, editors. Biophotonics: Spectroscopy, Imaging, Sensing, and Manipulation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 87–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Safety in Health.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. KFC Is Sending A Chicken Burger To Space Because Everything Is Terrible [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Protest Against Award for Computer System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Oct. Report No.: B-178302.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Park JK. Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of microRNAs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. He Licks Bats, and He Kisses His Coach. Don’t Give Him Any More Ideas. New York Times. 2017 Oct 17;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSafety in Health
AbbreviationSaf. Health
ISSN (online)2056-5917

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