How to format your references using the Safety in Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Safety in Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kaessmann H. Genetics. More than just a copy. Science. 2009;325:958–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Goldenfeld N, Woese C. Biology’s next revolution. Nature. 2007;445:369.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Finlay JC, Small GE, Sterner RW. Human influences on nitrogen removal in lakes. Science. 2013;342:247–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Weiss J, Pyrski M, Jacobi E, Bufe B, Willnecker V, Schick B, et al. Loss-of-function mutations in sodium channel Nav1.7 cause anosmia. Nature. 2011;472:186–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Green SD. Making Sense of Construction Improvement. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Deuflhard P. A Guide to Numerical Modelling in Systems Biology. Röblitz S, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hogan M, Tacke M. Titanocenes: Cytotoxic and Anti-angiogenic Chemotherapy Against Advanced Renal-Cell Cancer. In: Jaouen G, Metzler-Nolte N, editors. Medicinal Organometallic Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 119–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Safety in Health.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Scientists Seek Approval To Genetically Modify Human Embryos. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Progress and Ongoing Challenges for the Air Traffic Organization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Apr. Report No.: GAO-05-485T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Veru PT. The National-Dobro Guitar Company: How the resonator guitar survived the age of electric amplification [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Perlroth N, Wines M, Rosenberg M. Little Effort to Investigate in States Targeted by Election Hacking. New York Times. 2017 Sep 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSafety in Health
AbbreviationSaf. Health
ISSN (online)2056-5917
Scope

Other styles