How to format your references using the WAO Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WAO Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cruikshank DP. Planetary science. Generating an atmosphere. Science. 2010;330(6012):1755-1756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Braun-Munzinger P, Stachel J. The quest for the quark-gluon plasma. Nature. 2007;448(7151):302-309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi Y, Arai K, Kohshima S. Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins. Nature. 2006;441(7096):E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lemche E, Giampietro VP, Brammer MJ, Surguladze SA, Williams SCR, Phillips ML. Somatization severity associated with postero-medial complex structures. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf B. The Semantic Web. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Luo Y, ed. Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 9th International Conference, CDVE 2012, Osaka, Japan, September 2-5, 2012. Proceedings. Vol 7467. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitagawa F, Matsuda T, Hanaoka G, Tanaka K. On the Key Dependent Message Security of the Fujisaki-Okamoto Constructions. In: Cheng CM, Chung KM, Persiano G, Yang BY, eds. Public-Key Cryptography – PKC 2016: 19th IACR International Conference on Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography, Taipei, Taiwan, March 6-9, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2016:99-129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WAO Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Physicists Test Entropy In A Non-Equilibrium System For The First Time. IFLScience. Published February 3, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Efforts to Strengthen Aviation and Surface Transportation Security Are Under Way, but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hubbard WL. The Perceptions of Public School Administrators toward Technology Effectiveness and Adequacy in Curriculum and Instruction in the Golden Triangle Public Schools of Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Illinois Is Accused Of Fraud By S.E.C. New York Times. March 12, 2013:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWAO Journal
AbbreviationWorld Allergy Organ. J.
ISSN (print)1939-4551
ScopeImmunology and Allergy

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