How to format your references using the WAO Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WAO Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Rose F. Meetings that changed the world: Paris 1951: The birth of CERN. Nature. 2008;455(7210):174-175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mühlenbruch B, Jochimsen MA. Research policy: Only wholesale reform will bring equality. Nature. 2013;495(7439):40-42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krieger MJ, Billeter JB, Keller L. Ant-like task allocation and recruitment in cooperative robots. Nature. 2000;406(6799):992-995.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bouillet P, Purton JF, Godfrey DI, et al. BH3-only Bcl-2 family member Bim is required for apoptosis of autoreactive thymocytes. Nature. 2002;415(6874):922-926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman NP. Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Connor J. Structural Motion Engineering. (Laflamme S, ed.). Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Hakeem FB, Haberfeld MR, Verma A. Police and the Administration of Justice in Medieval India. In: Haberfeld MR, Verma A, eds. Policing Muslim Communities: Comparative International Context. Springer; 2012:59-74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WAO Journal.

Blog post
Davis J. Estrogen In Suburban Yards Might Be Turning Frogs Female. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DHS Multi-Agency Operation Centers Would Benefit from Taking Further Steps to Enhance Collaboration and Coordination. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitra A. Sigma Factor N: A Novel Regulator of Acid Resistance and Locus of Enterocyte Effacement in Escherichia coli O157:H7. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Flegenheimer M. Piecing Through ‘Utter Chaos’ After Train Crash. New York Times. February 5, 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWAO Journal
AbbreviationWorld Allergy Organ. J.
ISSN (print)1939-4551
ScopeImmunology and Allergy

Other styles