How to format your references using the WAO Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WAO Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern P. The heavily connected brain. Connection, connection, connection... Introduction. Science. 2013;342(6158):577.
A journal article with 2 authors
Platt ML, Adams GK. Psychology. Monkey see, monkey read. Science. 2012;336(6078):168-169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foulquier S, Steckelings UM, Unger T. Perspective: A tale of two receptors. Nature. 2013;493(7434):S9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim JW, You SI, Kim NH, et al. Study of sequential dexter energy transfer in high efficient phosphorescent white organic light-emitting diodes with single emissive layer. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pollak P. Fine Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Cherif C, ed. Textile Materials for Lightweight Constructions: Technologies - Methods - Materials - Properties. Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Larson L, Carpenter M. Diabetes and Pregnancy. In: Rosene-Montella K, ed. Medical Management of the Pregnant Patient: A Clinician’s Handbook. Springer; 2015:61-78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WAO Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. In Defence Of Bats: Beautifully Designed Mammals That Should Be Left In Peace. IFLScience. Published September 15, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Diffusing Innovations: Implementing the Technology Transfer Act of 1986. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Senk JM. The Life Stories of Women Warriors: An Exploratory Study of Female Student-Veterans Balancing the Transition to College. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. Three Operas by Rossini Make Italian Festival Well Worth the Trip. New York Times. August 17, 2012:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWAO Journal
AbbreviationWorld Allergy Organ. J.
ISSN (print)1939-4551
ScopeImmunology and Allergy

Other styles