How to format your references using the WAO Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for WAO Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Birnbaum MJ. Signal transduction. Sweet conundrum. Science. 2008;319(5868):1348-1349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liberles SD, Buck LB. A second class of chemosensory receptors in the olfactory epithelium. Nature. 2006;442(7103):645-650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ichimura T, Fujiwara K, Tanaka H. Dual field effects in electrolyte-gated spinel ferrite: electrostatic carrier doping and redox reactions. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5818.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kulp TR, Hoeft SE, Asao M, et al. Arsenic(III) fuels anoxygenic photosynthesis in hot spring biofilms from Mono Lake, California. Science. 2008;321(5891):967-970.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stolarski TA, Tobe S. Rolling Contacts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2000.
An edited book
Hagoel L. From the Margins to New Ground: An Autoethnography of Passage between Disciplines. (Kalekin-Fishman D, ed.). Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu MQ, Xie Y, Bai S. Registration. In: Lu MQ, ed. Approaching China’s Pharmaceutical Market: A Fundamental Guide to Clinical Drug Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:285-327.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for WAO Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Mars Helicopter Drone Could Fly Across The Surface. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA’s Standard Parts Program--Are the Objectives Being Accomplished? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strickland KC. A historical analysis of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. October 26, 2017:C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWAO Journal
AbbreviationWorld Allergy Organ. J.
ISSN (print)1939-4551
ScopeImmunology and Allergy

Other styles