How to format your references using the Viszeralmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Viszeralmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Feldman J. Minimization of Boolean complexity in human concept learning. Nature. 2000 Oct;407(6804):630–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Williams BJ, Jorge y Jorge M del C. Aztec arithmetic revisited: land-area algorithms and Acolhua congruence arithmetic. Science. 2008 Apr;320(5872):72–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Ben-Yehuda S, Rudner DZ, Losick R. RacA, a bacterial protein that anchors chromosomes to the cell poles. Science. 2003 Jan;299(5606):532–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Tian H, Yang Y, Xie D, Cui Y-L, Mi W-T, Zhang Y, et al. Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan;4:3598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Robinson N, Hall G, Fawcett W. How to Survive in Anaesthesia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1
Jakeman AJ, Barreteau O, Hunt RJ, Rinaudo J-D, Ross A, editors. Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Facucho-Oliveira J, Kulkarni T, Machado-Oliveira G, St. John JC. From Pluripotency to Differentiation: The Role of mtDNA in Stem Cell Models of Mitochondrial Diseases. In: St. John JC, editor. Mitochondrial DNA, Mitochondria, Disease and Stem Cells. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013; pp 87–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Viszeralmedizin.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. Which Sports Are Best For Health And Long Life? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/which-sports-are-best-for-health-and-long-life/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Actions Under Way to Manage Cost, but Significant Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Horaist DW. Estimating Seed Bank Responses to Changing Environmental Conditions in the Louisiana Coastal Zone. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Wagner J. As Hitting Improves, Wheeler Lifts Mets From the Mound. New York Times. 2017 May;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleViszeralmedizin
AbbreviationViszeralmedizin
ISSN (print)1662-6664
ISSN (online)1662-6672
ScopeGastroenterology
Surgery

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