How to format your references using the Viszeralmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Viszeralmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Linden J: Cell biology. Purinergic chemotaxis. Science 2006;314:1689–1690.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Duman RS, Aghajanian GK: Synaptic dysfunction in depression: potential therapeutic targets. Science 2012;338:68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Koonin EV, Wolf YI, Karev GP: The structure of the protein universe and genome evolution. Nature 2002;420:218–223.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Lin H-K, Chen Z, Wang G, Nardella C, Lee S-W, Chan C-H, et al.: Skp2 targeting suppresses tumorigenesis by Arf-p53-independent cellular senescence. Nature 2010;464:374–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Holt J: The Ultimate Daily Show and Philosophy. Oxford, John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
An edited book
1
Pop P: Fault-Tolerant Digital Microfluidic Biochips: Compilation and Synthesis. 1st ed. 2016 Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Miller P, Sauzé C, Neal M: Development of ARRTOO: A Long-Endurance, Hybrid-Powered, Oceanographic Research Vessel; in Bars FL, Jaulin L (eds): Robotic Sailing 2013: Proceedings of the 6th International Robotic Sailing Conference. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Viszeralmedizin.

Blog post
1
Andrew E: Has Climate Change Really Improved U.S. Weather? IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/has-climate-change-really-improved-us-weather/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Stevenson M: A change for the future: Presidents and deans real and ideal leadership practices at community and junior colleges in Mississippi 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Walt SM: The Power Of a Strong State Dept. New York Times 2017;A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleViszeralmedizin
AbbreviationViszeralmedizin
ISSN (print)1662-6664
ISSN (online)1662-6672
ScopeGastroenterology
Surgery

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