How to format your references using the Viszeralmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Viszeralmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford H. Epigenetics: The genome unwrapped. Nature. 2015 Dec;528(7580):S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Apesteguía S, Zaher H. A Cretaceous terrestrial snake with robust hindlimbs and a sacrum. Nature. 2006 Apr;440(7087):1037–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lissauer JJ, Dawson RI, Tremaine S. Advances in exoplanet science from Kepler. Nature. 2014 Sep;513(7518):336–44.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Turner JL, Beck SC, Crosthwaite LP, Larkin JE, McLean IS, Meier DS. An extragalactic supernebula confined by gravity. Nature. 2003 Jun;423(6940):621–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misra S, Goswami S. Network Routing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Zhong N, Ma J, Liu J, Huang R, Tao X, editors. Wisdom Web of Things. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Rocchi P. Intelligent Adaptation and the Nature of Software Changes. In: Wang Y, Zhang D, Kinsner W, editors. Advances in Cognitive Informatics and Cognitive Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010; pp 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Viszeralmedizin.

Blog post
Hale T. This Band Uses The Humming Of Tesla Coils To Play Music [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Apr


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Hispanic Employment: Best Practices Used by Selected Agencies and Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penix-Tadsen P. Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Reviving World Cup Hopes Out of Thin Air. New York Times. 2017 Jun;D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleViszeralmedizin
ISSN (print)1662-6664
ISSN (online)1662-6672

Other styles