How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hill GE (2004) Ecology. A head start for some redstarts. Science 306:2201–2202
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutchinson JR, Garcia M (2002) Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner. Nature 415:1018–1021
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J, Hannon GJ, Beach DH (2000) Risky immortalization by telomerase. Nature 405:755–756
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Flores ER, Tsai KY, Crowley D, et al (2002) p63 and p73 are required for p53-dependent apoptosis in response to DNA damage. Nature 416:560–564

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meghouar H (2016) Corporate Takeover Targets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mitasiunas A, Rout T, O’Connor RV, Dorling A (eds) (2014) Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 14th International Conference, SPICE 2014, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 4-6, 2014, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Sahayaraj K, Balasubramanian R (2016) Gut Autochthonous Microbes and Their Enzyme Profile. In: Balasubramanian R (ed) Artificial Rearing of Reduviid Predators for Pest Management. Springer, Singapore, pp 85–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) On brown dwarfs, storms of molten iron are always forecast. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Fusion Energy: Actions Needed to Finalize Cost and Schedule Estimates for U.S. Contributions to an International Experimental Reactor. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coar H (2010) Using mandalas to support grieving female adolescents: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A (2014) Long Island College Hospital Names Choice for the Future. New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hill 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hutchinson and Garcia 2002; Hill 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hutchinson and Garcia 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Flores et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0895-8696
ISSN (online)1559-1166
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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