How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolstenholme AJ (2012) Evolution. Surviving in a toxic world. Science 335:545–546
A journal article with 2 authors
Sabado RL, Bhardwaj N (2015) Cancer immunotherapy: dendritic-cell vaccines on the move. Nature 519:300–301
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu L, Yin M-L, Liu SF (2014) Ag(x)@WO₃ core-shell nanostructure for LSP enhanced chemical sensors. Sci Rep 4:6745
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dong C, Huang F, Deng H, et al (2004) Crystal structure and mechanism of a bacterial fluorinating enzyme. Nature 427:561–565

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albright RD (2013) Death of the Chesapeake. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Grollmann P, Rauner F (eds) (2007) International Perspectives on Teachers and Lecturers in Technical and Vocational Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Inaba M (2009) Chemical Degradation of Perfluorinated Sulfonic Acid Membranes. In: Büchi FN, Inaba M, Schmidt TJ (eds) Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability. Springer, New York, NY, pp 57–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Tens Of Thousands Of Fish Die In Yellowstone River, Prompting Authorities To Close It Down. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Prekindergarten: Four Selected States Expanded Access by Relying on Schools and Existing Providers of Early Education and Care to Provide Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang Y (2003) Statistical Analysis of cDNA Microarrays: A Systematic Approach to Identify MTF-1 Mediated Gene Expression Profile in Response to Cadmium. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rockwell J (2017) He Put Brooklyn on the Map. New York Times AR8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolstenholme 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Wolstenholme 2012; Sabado and Bhardwaj 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sabado and Bhardwaj 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0895-8696
ISSN (online)1559-1166
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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