How to format your references using the Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Baker M. Microscopy: Bright light, better labels. Nature 2011;478:137–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Matsuoka T, Shimizu K. Direct observation of a pressure-induced metal-to-semiconductor transition in lithium. Nature 2009;458:186–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bayley PJ, Frascino JC, Squire LR. Robust habit learning in the absence of awareness and independent of the medial temporal lobe. Nature 2005;436:550–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Thorrold SR, Latkoczy C, Swart PK, Jones CM. Natal homing in a marine fish metapopulation. Science 2001;291:297–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Burrell DB. Towards a Jewish-Christian-Muslim Theology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Sokołowska K, Sowiński P, editors. Symplasmic Transport in Vascular Plants. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Taylor EM, Rodríguez O. C, Velásquez JD, Ghosh G, Banerjee S. Web Opinion Mining and Sentimental Analysis. In: Velásquez JD, Palade V, Jain LC, editors. Advanced Techniques in Web Intelligence-2: Web User Browsing Behaviour and Preference Analysis, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 105–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Information Flows In Opposite Directions During Imagination And Reality. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Race to the Top: Characteristics of Grantees’ Amended Programs and Education’s Review Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dubin-Thaler BJ. Evidence for hierarchical control of conserved, discrete motility types in crawling motility. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Candaele K. Caminiti’s Baseball Legacy. New York Times 2004:811.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy
ISSN (print)2212-0971
ScopeGastroenterology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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