How to format your references using the Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mathur N. The physics detective: Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 2. Nature 2005;433:363.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Pujolle-Robic C, Noirez L. Observation of shear-induced nematic-isotropic transition in side-chain liquid crystal polymers. Nature 2001;409:167–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Holmes EA, Craske MG, Graybiel AM. Psychological treatments: A call for mental-health science. Nature 2014;511:287–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Estes JA, Terborgh J, Brashares JS, Power ME, Berger J, Bond WJ, et al. Trophic downgrading of planet Earth. Science 2011;333:301–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chandler C. The Science of ADHD. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Seckbach J, Oren A, editors. Microbial Mats: Modern and Ancient Microorganisms in Stratified Systems. vol. 14. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Yokoyama S, Fisher DE. Transcriptional Regulation in Melanoma. In: Bosserhoff A, editor. Melanoma Development: Molecular Biology, Genetics and Clinical Application, Vienna: Springer; 2011, p. 79–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Newly Discovered Glass Frog Looks Just Like Kermit! IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: FCC’s Automation Planning Is Inadequate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kraka EK. Assessment of herbicides for control of non-native species: Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne spp. multiflorum ), tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis), and tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum). Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Feeney K. Where to Fill Up the Table. New York Times 2009:NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy
ISSN (print)2212-0971
ScopeGastroenterology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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