How to format your references using the Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pusey PN. Physics. Freezing and melting: action at grain boundaries. Science 2005;309:1198–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bishop NA, Guarente L. Two neurons mediate diet-restriction-induced longevity in C. elegans. Nature 2007;447:545–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kaloni TP, Tahir M, Schwingenschlögl U. Quasi free-standing silicene in a superlattice with hexagonal boron nitride. Sci Rep 2013;3:3192.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gottar M, Gobert V, Michel T, Belvin M, Duyk G, Hoffmann JA, et al. The Drosophila immune response against Gram-negative bacteria is mediated by a peptidoglycan recognition protein. Nature 2002;416:640–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Schweiker W. Dust that Breathes. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Hameurlain A, Küng J, Wagner R, editors. Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems V. vol. 7100. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Williams J. Engineering Studies. In: Williams PJ, Newhouse CP, editors. Digital Representations of Student Performance for Assessment, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013, p. 99–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. A Distant, Dusty Galaxy Reveals What The First Stars Got Up To. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/a-distant-dusty-galaxy-reveals-what-the-first-stars-got-up-to/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Airport Financing: Comparing Funding Sources With Planned Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pelayo AY. A program to increase health literacy for older Latino adults residing in La Habra, California: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
David Goodman J, Baker AL. 2 Communities Unite in Grief for an ‘Unassuming Hero.’ New York Times 2015:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal and Encyclopedia of GI Endoscopy
ISSN (print)2212-0971
ScopeGastroenterology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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