How to format your references using the Veterinary Record Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Record Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DUDUKOVIC, M.P. (2009) Frontiers in reactor engineering. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325, 698–701.
A journal article with 2 authors
MEGENS, M. and AIZENBERG, J. (2003) Capillary attraction: like-charged particles at liquid interfaces. Nature 424, 1014; discussion 1014.
A journal article with 3 authors
SHARMA, B.R., MANJANATH, A. and SINGH, A.K. (2014) Pentahexoctite: a new two-dimensional allotrope of carbon. Scientific reports 4, 7164.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
STENSMYR, M.C., URRU, I., COLLU, I., CELANDER, M., HANSSON, B.S. and ANGIOY, A.-M. (2002) Pollination: Rotting smell of dead-horse arum florets. Nature 420, 625–626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
SCHLECHTY, P.C. (2009) Leading for Learning. Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
JATOI, I. (2006) Atlas of Breast Surgery. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
DE VRIES, K. and VAN DIJK, N. (2013) A Bump in the Road. Ruling Out Law from Technology. In Human Law and Computer Law: Comparative Perspectives. Eds M. Hildebrandt and J. Gaakeer. Springer Netherlands. pp 89–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Record Case Reports.

Blog post
LUNTZ, S. (2017) Motor Neuron Disease Linked To Schizophrenia, And Treatment Might Be Getting Closer.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1976) Examination of Disbursing Officer’s Account, U.S. Army Quartermaster School, Fort Lee, Virginia. 089079. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
HUFNAGEL, D. (2005) Search for the Cabibbo-Supressed D+ Meson Decays D+ → π+π 0 and D+ → K+ π0.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ROBERTS, S. (2015) Vasily Pichul, 54, Director of ‘Little Vera.’ New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dudukovic 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Megens and Aizenberg 2003; Dudukovic 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Megens and Aizenberg 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Stensmyr and others 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Record Case Reports
AbbreviationVet. Rec. Case Rep.
ISSN (online)2052-6121
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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