How to format your references using the Veterinary Record Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Record Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
CRUTZEN, P.J. (2002) Geology of mankind. Nature 415, 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
TESTER, M. and LANGRIDGE, P. (2010) Breeding technologies to increase crop production in a changing world. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327, 818–822.
A journal article with 3 authors
BALLESTER, G.E., SING, D.K. and HERBERT, F. (2007) The signature of hot hydrogen in the atmosphere of the extrasolar planet HD 209458b. Nature 445, 511–514.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
LEDERLE, A., SU, B., HOLL, V., PENICHON, J., SCHMIDT, S., DECOVILLE, T., LAUMOND, G. and MOOG, C. (2014) Neutralizing antibodies inhibit HIV-1 infection of plasmacytoid dendritic cells by an FcγRIIa independent mechanism and do not diminish cytokines production. Scientific reports 4, 5845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
SPEIGHT, J.G. and FOOTE, R. (2011) Ethics in Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
BEER, M., KOUGIOUMTZOGLOU, I.A., PATELLI, E. and AU, S.-K., eds (2015) Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
KITAGAWA, G. (2008) Prospective Scientific Methodology in Knowledge Society. In Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 12th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2008 Osaka, Japan, May 20-23, 2008 Proceedings. Eds T. Washio, E. Suzuki, K.M. Ting and A. Inokuchi. Springer. pp 30–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Record Case Reports.

Blog post
O`CALLAGHAN, J. (2016) Future Of Groundbreaking Mission To Deflect An Asteroid Uncertain.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2004) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Major Management Issues Facing DOD’s Development and Fielding Efforts. GAO-04-530T. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BAILOOR, S. (2016) Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
FEENEY, K. (2007) Falafel, Panini Style. New York Times, NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crutzen 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Crutzen 2002; Tester and Langridge 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tester and Langridge 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lederle and others 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Record Case Reports
AbbreviationVet. Rec. Case Rep.
ISSN (online)2052-6121
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

Other styles