How to format your references using the Memetic Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Memetic Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
van Woesik R (2004) Comment on “Coral reef death during the 1997 Indian Ocean dipole linked to Indonesian wildfires.” Science 303:1297; author reply 1297
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ju T, Cummings RD (2005) Protein glycosylation: chaperone mutation in Tn syndrome. Nature 437:1252
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
McKnight S, Beyer A, Gall J (2012) Retrospective. Oscar Miller (1925-2012). Science 335:1457
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Bowers JE, Chapman BA, Rong J, Paterson AH (2003) Unravelling angiosperm genome evolution by phylogenetic analysis of chromosomal duplication events. Nature 422:433–438

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schwedt G (2009) Chemie und Literatur - ein ungewöhnlicher Flirt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Urman RD, Ehrenfeld JM (2012) Physicians’ Pathways to Non-Traditional Careers and Leadership Opportunities. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vola M, Fuzellier J-F (2013) The History of Pulmonary Embolectomy Before the Advent of CPB. In: Picichè M (ed) Dawn and Evolution of Cardiac Procedures: Research Avenues in Cardiac Surgery and Interventional Cardiology. Springer, Milano, pp 29–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Memetic Computing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) NASA Mission Brings Pluto Into Sharp Focus – but it’s Still Not a Planet. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-mission-brings-pluto-sharp-focus-it-s-still-not-planet/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Immigrant Education: Federal Funding Has Not Kept Pace With Student Increases. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Andrade NA (2008) Environmental fate of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in agricultural soils which have received biosolids application. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK (2004) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Move For Life Terms For Terrorists. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMemetic Computing
ISSN (print)1865-9284
ISSN (online)1865-9292
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Optimization

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