How to format your references using the Memetic Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Memetic Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jorgensen RA (2011) Plant science. A window on the sophistication of plants. Science 333:1103–1104
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Valiela I, Fox SE (2008) Ecology. Managing coastal wetlands. Science 319:290–291
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
West M, Sánchez JJ, McNutt SR (2005) Periodically triggered seismicity at Mount Wrangell, Alaska, after the Sumatra earthquake. Science 308:1144–1146
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Hutchison WD, Burkness EC, Mitchell PD, et al (2010) Areawide suppression of European corn borer with Bt maize reaps savings to non-Bt maize growers. Science 330:222–225

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lahdenmäki T, Leach M (2005) Relational Database Index Design and the Optimizers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Flandre D, Nazarov AN, Hemment PLF (2005) Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment Kiev, Ukraine 26–30 April 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Grasso L, Medina-Medina N, Montes-Soldado R, Abad-Grau MM (2012) Homogenizing Access to Highly Time-Consuming Biomedical Applications through a Web-Based Interface. In: Alexander M, D’Ambra P, Belloum A, et al (eds) Euro-Par 2011: Parallel Processing Workshops: CCPI, CGWS, HeteroPar, HiBB, HPCVirt, HPPC, HPSS, MDGS, ProPer, Resilience, UCHPC, VHPC, Bordeaux, France, August 29 – September 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Memetic Computing.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2017) NASA’s Curiosity Rover Has Found More Evidence Of Ancient Lakes On Mars. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasas-curiosity-rover-has-found-more-evidence-of-ancient-lakes-on-mars/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1989) ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to Army Automation Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Eldridge Z (2017) The Empowerment of a Forgotten Population. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B (2017) WBGO Is Giving Jazz a Higher Profile Online. New York Times C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMemetic Computing
ISSN (print)1865-9284
ISSN (online)1865-9292
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Optimization

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