How to format your references using the Journal of Solution Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solution Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R.: Auction of DNA archive cancelled. Nature. 422, 102 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlegel, T., Schuster, S.: Small circuits for large tasks: high-speed decision-making in archerfish. Science. 319, 104–106 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Stebe, K.J., Lewandowski, E., Ghosh, M.: Materials science. Oriented assembly of metamaterials. Science. 325, 159–160 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
La Porta, A., Voth, G.A., Crawford, A.M., Alexander, J., Bodenschatz, E.: Fluid particle accelerations in fully developed turbulence. Nature. 409, 1017–1019 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumann, W.: Dynamics of the Bacterial Chromosome. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2006)
An edited book
Rao, K.S.: Robust Emotion Recognition using Spectral and Prosodic Features. Springer, New York, NY (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Ljung, K., de Vos, A., Cook, A., Weinstein, P.: An Overview of Medical Geology Issues in Australia and Oceania. In: Selinus, O., Finkelman, R.B., and Centeno, J.A. (eds.) Medical Geology: A Regional Synthesis. pp. 107–134. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solution Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: NASA Hubble Telescope Sees A Storm In Lagoon Nebula


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Progress Made to Set Up Program Using Private-Sector Airport Screeners, but More Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, M.S.: Integrating Emergency Medical Services Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K.: World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Miners’ Hunger Strike, (2004)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solution Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Solution Chem.
ISSN (print)0095-9782
ISSN (online)1572-8927
Molecular Biology
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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