How to format your references using the Journal of Solution Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solution Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinge, V.: 2020 computing: the creativity machine. Nature. 440, 411 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Xi, R., Xie, T.: Stem cell self-renewal controlled by chromatin remodeling factors. Science. 310, 1487–1489 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Croxall, J.P., Trathan, P.N., Murphy, E.J.: Environmental change and Antarctic seabird populations. Science. 297, 1510–1514 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Itkis, M.E., Chi, X., Cordes, A.W., Haddon, R.C.: Magneto-opto-electronic bistability in a phenalenyl-based neutral radical. Science. 296, 1443–1445 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig, S.T., Séguin, B.: Veterinary Surgical Oncology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK (2012)
An edited book
Ismail, M.: Cooperative Networking in a Heterogeneous Wireless Medium. Springer, New York, NY (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Ritter, F.E., Schoelles, M.J., Quigley, K.S., Klein, L.C.: Determining the Number of Simulation Runs: Treating Simulations as Theories by Not Sampling Their Behavior. In: Rothrock, L. and Narayanan, S. (eds.) Human-in-the-Loop Simulations: Methods and Practice. pp. 97–116. Springer, London (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solution Chemistry.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Bats Navigate in 3D Using a Donut-Shaped Compass in Their Brain,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Financial Markets: Information on Computer Data Used for Stock Market Crash Studies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sever, R.S.: A Quantitative Descriptive Study Using the Theoretical Domains Framework to Investigate and Compare the Psychotropic Medication Prescribing Behavior of Primary Care Prescribers, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S.: Still a Fan Favorite, (2000)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solution Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Solution Chem.
ISSN (print)0095-9782
ISSN (online)1572-8927
Molecular Biology
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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