How to format your references using the Journal of Solution Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solution Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan, H.: A grassroots revolution. Nature. 414, 6–7 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, B.B., Elledge, S.J.: The DNA damage response: putting checkpoints in perspective. Nature. 408, 433–439 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
James, S., Simmons, C.P., James, A.A.: Ecology. Mosquito trials. Science. 334, 771–772 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mizota, T., Kurogi, K., Ohya, Y., Okajima, A., Naruo, T., Kawamura, Y.: The strange flight behaviour of slowly spinning soccer balls. Sci. Rep. 3, 1871 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baines, P., Ferraro, J., Rogers, P.: The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing 1660 - 1789. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Schaaf, P. ed: Laser Processing of Materials: Fundamentals, Applications and Developments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Mo, W., Guan, S.-U., Puthusserypady, S.K.: A Novel Hybrid Algorithm for Function Optimization: Particle Swarm Assisted Incremental Evolution Strategy. In: Abraham, A., Grosan, C., and Ishibuchi, H. (eds.) Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms. pp. 101–125. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solution Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: There Are Now Just Six Northern White Rhinos Left On Earth,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Motor Carrier Safety: Modifying the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program Would Improve the Ability to Identify High Risk Carriers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katsky, C.S.: Open Secrets: Congressional Oversight of the CIA in the Early Cold War, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Even With Little Shut-Eye, Mets Turn Lights Out on Reds, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solution Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Solution Chem.
ISSN (print)0095-9782
ISSN (online)1572-8927
Molecular Biology
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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