How to format your references using the Journal of Solution Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Solution Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wunsch, C.: Moon, tides and climate. Nature. 405, 743–744 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosh, B., Urban, M.W.: Self-repairing oxetane-substituted chitosan polyurethane networks. Science. 323, 1458–1460 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Fowler, A.G., Devitt, S.J., Jones, C.: Surface code implementation of block code state distillation. Sci. Rep. 3, 1939 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xie, S., Pancost, R.D., Yin, H., Wang, H., Evershed, R.P.: Two episodes of microbial change coupled with Permo/Triassic faunal mass extinction. Nature. 434, 494–497 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberg, A.: Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2017)
An edited book
Borea, P.A. ed: A3 Adenosine Receptors from Cell Biology to Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Youssef, M.K., Harris, D., Rotheram-Borus, M.J.: The Impact of Pediatric HIV on Families. In: Chenneville, T. (ed.) A Clinical Guide to Pediatric HIV: Bridging the Gaps Between Research and Practice. pp. 95–132. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Solution Chemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: The World’s First Solar-Powered Sports Car Could Drive Forever


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Student Aid: Highlights of a Study Group on Simplifying the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rafibakhsh, N.: Industrial Applications of Microsoft Xbox Kinect Sensor, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: The Nuclear Option Is Yours, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Solution Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Solution Chem.
ISSN (print)0095-9782
ISSN (online)1572-8927
Molecular Biology
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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