How to format your references using the Venture Capital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Venture Capital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ho, David. 2005. “Is China Prepared for Microbial Threats?” Nature 435 (7041): 421–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugita, Yoichi, and Yôiti Suzuki. 2003. “Audiovisual Perception: Implicit Estimation of Sound-Arrival Time.” Nature 421 (6926): 911.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouvier, Florence, Odette Dogbo, and Bilal Camara. 2003. “Biosynthesis of the Food and Cosmetic Plant Pigment Bixin (Annatto).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5628): 2089–2091.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, Jung Woo, Jaemin Lee, Cheolho Kim, Chang-Yeol Cho, and Jun Hyuk Moon. 2014. “Facile Fabrication of Sub-100 Nm Mesoscale Inverse Opal Films and Their Application in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Electrodes.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant, Gary. 2012. Ecosystem Services Come to Town. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Akiyama, Jin, Jiang Bo, Mikio Kano, and Xuehou Tan, eds. 2011. Computational Geometry, Graphs and Applications: 9th International Conference, CGGA 2010, Dalian, China, November 3-6, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 7033. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Armony, Victor. 2016. “Immigration Policies and Integration Models in Canada: Conflicting Approaches and Converging Trends.” In Global Change and Human Mobility, edited by Josefina Domínguez-Mujica, 73–93. Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Venture Capital.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “Record Breaking ‘Supermoon’ Is The Biggest Seen In 68 Years.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. International Broadcasting: Downsizing and Relocating Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. NSIAD-95-53. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, Daryl. 2008. “The Common Factors between Coaching Cultures and Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, and High-Performance Organizational Cultures.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman, J., and A. L. Baker. 2015. “Police in Midtown Wound Suspect in Hammer Attacks.” New York Times, May 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ho 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ho 2005; Sugita and Suzuki 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugita and Suzuki 2003)
  • Three authors: (Bouvier, Dogbo, and Camara 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleVenture Capital
ISSN (print)1369-1066
ISSN (online)1464-5343

Other styles