How to format your references using the Venture Capital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Venture Capital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pinter, Nicholas. 2005. “Environment. One Step Forward, Two Steps Back on U.S. Floodplains.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5719): 207–208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sotin, Christophe, and Gabriel Tobie. 2008. “Planetary Science. Titan’s Hidden Ocean.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5870): 1629–1630.
A journal article with 3 authors
Randau, Lennart, Imke Schröder, and Dieter Söll. 2008. “Life without RNase P.” Nature 453 (7191): 120–123.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
van Gastel, R., E. Somfai, W. van Saarloos, and J. W. Frenken. 2000. “A Giant Atomic Slide-Puzzle.” Nature 408 (6813): 665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balan, Vladimir, and Mircea Neagu. 2011. Jet Single-Time Lagrange Geometry and Its Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nürnberger, Andreas, Sebastian Stober, Birger Larsen, and Marcin Detyniecki, eds. 2014. Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Semantics, Context, and Adaptation: 10th International Workshop, AMR 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 8382. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Macleod, Alistair M. 2008. “Coercion, Justice, and Democracy.” In Coercion and the State, edited by David A. Reidy and Walter J. Riker, 63–75. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Venture Capital.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. “Great Barrier Reef Under Threat Of Being Listed A ‘World Heritage Site In Danger.’” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Need for Improved Management and Increased Sharing of Computer Resources at the San Antonio Data Services Center. FGMSD-80-82. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hidalgo, Fabian. 2017. “Light of Hope Recuperative Care Center, LLC: A Business Plan.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2016. “What Would a Modern Sophocles Do? Perhaps He Would Pucker Up.” New York Times, October 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pinter 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Pinter 2005; Sotin and Tobie 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sotin and Tobie 2008)
  • Three authors: (Randau, Schröder, and Söll 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (van Gastel et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleVenture Capital
ISSN (print)1369-1066
ISSN (online)1464-5343

Other styles