How to format your references using the Venture Capital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Venture Capital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig, R. 2000. “IRANIAN SCIENCE: Iran’s Scientists Cautiously Reach Out to the World.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 290 (5496): 1484–1487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jinnah, Sikina, and Stefan Jungcurt. 2009. “Global Biological Resources. Could Access Requirements Stifle Your Research?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5913): 464–465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, Linda Y., Ning Ou, and Qing-Bin Lu. 2013. “Antioxidant Induces DNA Damage, Cell Death and Mutagenicity in Human Lung and Skin Normal Cells.” Scientific Reports 3 (November): 3169.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Landsea, Christopher W., Bruce A. Harper, Karl Hoarau, and John A. Knaff. 2006. “Climate Change. Can We Detect Trends in Extreme Tropical Cyclones?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5786): 452–454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johansen, Geir Anton, and Peter Jackson. 2005. Radioisotope Gauges for Industrial Process Measurements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hanslmeier, Arnold, Stephan Kempe, and Joseph Seckbach, eds. 2012. Life on Earth and Other Planetary Bodies. Vol. 24. Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bowes, George. 2011. “Chapter 5 Single-Cell C4 Photosynthesis in Aquatic Plants.” In C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms, edited by Agepati S. Raghavendra and Rowan F. Sage, 63–80. Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Venture Capital.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “Watch This Octopus Create Quicksand.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. ADP Acquisitions: Patent Automation Encountering Major Planning and Procurement Problems. IMTEC-86-19. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, Lihong. 2017. “Modeling, Estimation and Approximation in Structured Models.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, James. 2017. “Head of European Council Reappointed Over Protest.” New York Times, March 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Koenig 2000; Jinnah and Jungcurt 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jinnah and Jungcurt 2009)
  • Three authors: (Lu, Ou, and Lu 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Landsea et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleVenture Capital
ISSN (print)1369-1066
ISSN (online)1464-5343

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