How to format your references using the Venture Capital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Venture Capital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scholz, C. H. 2000. “A Fault in the ‘weak San Andreas’ Theory.” Nature 406 (6793): 234.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gombosi, Tamas I., and Andrew P. Ingersoll. 2010. “Saturn: Atmosphere, Ionosphere, and Magnetosphere.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 327 (5972): 1476–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morais-Cabral, J. H., Y. Zhou, and R. MacKinnon. 2001. “Energetic Optimization of Ion Conduction Rate by the K+ Selectivity Filter.” Nature 414 (6859): 37–42.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hashimoto, Shoji, Toshiya Matsuura, Kazuki Nanko, Igor Linkov, George Shaw, and Shinji Kaneko. 2013. “Predicted Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Radiocesium Deposited onto Forests Following the Fukushima Nuclear Accident.” Scientific Reports 3: 2564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Haik, Basem Said. 2005. Axiomatic Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lewis, Michael, and Karen D. Rudolph, eds. 2014. Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology. 3rd ed. 2014. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson, Don, and Olufemi Ayeni. 2009. “Avoiding and Managing Complications in ACL Reconstruction.” In Complications in Knee and Shoulder Surgery: Management and Treatment Options for the Sports Medicine Orthopedist, edited by Robert J. Meislin and Jeffrey Halbrecht, 53–74. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Venture Capital.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “How Can We Tell What Color An Extinct Animal Was?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Airport Privatization: Issues Related to the Sale or Lease of U.S. Commercial Airports. RCED-97-3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zanulabe Din, Muhammad Omar. 2017. “Engineered Synchrony of Bacterial Lysis and Its Applications.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. 2016. “Bob Krasnow, 82, Executive Who Revived Elektra Records.” New York Times, December 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scholz 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Scholz 2000; Gombosi and Ingersoll 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gombosi and Ingersoll 2010)
  • Three authors: (Morais-Cabral, Zhou, and MacKinnon 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hashimoto et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleVenture Capital
ISSN (print)1369-1066
ISSN (online)1464-5343

Other styles