How to format your references using the Venture Capital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Venture Capital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parada, Laura Vargas. 2011. “Public Health: Life Lessons.” Nature 480 (7376): S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Towbin, J. A., and N. E. Bowles. 2002. “The Failing Heart.” Nature 415 (6868): 227–233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chandrappa, G. T., Nathalie Steunou, and Jacques Livage. 2002. “Materials Chemistry: Macroporous Crystalline Vanadium Oxide Foam.” Nature 416 (6882): 702.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lin, Aiming, Bihong Fu, Jianming Guo, Qingli Zeng, Guangming Dang, Wengui He, and Yue Zhao. 2002. “Co-Seismic Strike-Slip and Rupture Length Produced by the 2001 Ms 8.1 Central Kunlun Earthquake.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5575): 2015–2017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minenna, Marcello. 2016. The Incomplete Currency: The Future of the Euro and Solutions for the Eurozone. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, Chao. 2006. Abstraction Refinement for Large Scale Model Checking. Edited by Gary D. Hachtel and Fabio Somenzi. Series on Integrated Circuits and Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Giliopoulos, Dimitrios J., Kostas S. Triantafyllidis, and Dimitrios Gournis. 2013. “Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes for Dispersion in Epoxy Matrices.” In Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials: A New Generation of Multifunctional Hybrid Structural Composites, edited by A. Paipetis and V. Kostopoulos, 155–183. Solid Mechanics and Its Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Venture Capital.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “How To Create Your Own Ecosystem In A Bottle.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Public Radio and the Role of Federal Funding. GAO-11-669R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley, Kathleen M. 2019. “Dynamics of Creativity: A Study of Early Drug Discovery Scientists’ Experience of Creativity.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland, Rod, and Safak Timur. 2016. “Turkey Fires 15,000 More Public Workers in Crackdown.” New York Times, November 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parada 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Parada 2011; Towbin and Bowles 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Towbin and Bowles 2002)
  • Three authors: (Chandrappa, Steunou, and Livage 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lin et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleVenture Capital
ISSN (print)1369-1066
ISSN (online)1464-5343

Other styles