How to format your references using the Venture Capital citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Venture Capital. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2000. “Shareholder Sues Celera over Loss.” Nature 405 (6782): 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monsonego, Alon, and Howard L. Weiner. 2003. “Immunotherapeutic Approaches to Alzheimer’s Disease.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5646): 834–838.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripathi, Sarvind, Huiying Li, and Thomas L. Poulos. 2013. “Structural Basis for Effector Control and Redox Partner Recognition in Cytochrome P450.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6137): 1227–1230.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tang, Jingjing, Hiromu Yoshida, Zhengrong Ding, Zexin Tao, Jie Zhang, Bingjun Tian, Zhixian Zhao, and Lifen Zhang. 2014. “Molecular Epidemiology and Recombination of Human Enteroviruses from AFP Surveillance in Yunnan, China from 2006 to 2010.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartoszyǹski, Robert, and Magdalena Niewiadomska-Bugaj. 2007. Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Miescke, Klaus-J. 2008. Statistical Decision Theory: Estimation, Testing, and Selection. Edited by F. Liese. Springer Series in Statistics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fox, Darrell. 2016. “Canada: Community, Reintegration, Restoration and Aboriginal Responses.” In Cultural Perspectives on Youth Justice: Connecting Theory, Policy and International Practice, edited by Elaine Arnull and Darrell Fox, 111–130. Research Report No. 12. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Venture Capital.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2015. “Blood Test Could Predict Risk For Breast Cancer Relapse Months In Advance.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Participants Give Program High Marks. RCED-87-161BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alimo, Craig John. 2010. “From Dialogue to Action: The Development of White Racial Allies.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, William, and Simon Romero. 2015. “Allies Resist U.S. Strategy in Drug Fight.” New York Times, May 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2000; Monsonego and Weiner 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monsonego and Weiner 2003)
  • Three authors: (Tripathi, Li, and Poulos 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Tang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleVenture Capital
ISSN (print)1369-1066
ISSN (online)1464-5343

Other styles