How to format your references using the Public Health Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris MR. Astronomy. Glimpsing matter at the brink. Science. 2004 Apr 30;304(5671):689–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Opstal EJ, Bordenstein SR. MICROBIOME. Rethinking heritability of the microbiome. Science. 2015 Sep 11;349(6253):1172–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maret S, Bergin EA, Lada CJ. A low fraction of nitrogen in molecular form in a dark cloud. Nature. 2006 Jul 27;442(7101):425–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maga G, Villani G, Crespan E, Wimmer U, Ferrari E, Bertocci B, et al. 8-oxo-guanine bypass by human DNA polymerases in the presence of auxiliary proteins. Nature. 2007 May 31;447(7144):606–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper JD. Soil Water Measurement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Boeyens JCA, Comba P, editors. Electronic Structure and Number Theory: Bohr’s Boldest Dream. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. (Structure and Bonding; vol. 148).
A chapter in an edited book
Reith W. ComputedTomography. In: Vogl TJ, Reith W, Rummeny EJ, editors. Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Forum.

Blog post
Andrew D. Can Great Apes Read Your Mind? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Financial Management Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Mar. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-122.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bigelow RW. Perception of Online Legal Education among Recently Retired Law School Faculty [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S. Refusing My Religion. New York Times. 2015 Apr 5;BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morris 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Morris 2004; van Opstal and Bordenstein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Opstal and Bordenstein 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Maga et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Forum
AbbreviationPubl. Health For.
ISSN (print)0944-5587
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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