How to format your references using the Public Health Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wand AJ. On the dynamic origins of allosteric activation. Science. 2001 Aug 24;293(5534):1395.
A journal article with 2 authors
Delaval B, Doxsey S. Genetics. Dwarfism, where pericentrin gains stature. Science. 2008 Feb 8;319(5864):732–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang XL, Liu LF, Liu WM. Quantum anomalous Hall effect and tunable topological states in 3d transition metals doped silicene. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 9;3:2908.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tan CSH, Go KD, Bisteau X, Dai L, Yong CH, Prabhu N, et al. Thermal proximity coaggregation for system-wide profiling of protein complex dynamics in cells. Science. 2018 Mar 9;359(6380):1170–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
He J, Zeng R, Zhang B. Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Pluim JPW, Likar B, Gerritsen FA, editors. Biomedical Image Registration: Third International Workshop, WBIR 2006, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 9-11, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4057).
A chapter in an edited book
Agarwal RP, Cuevas C, Lizama C. Second-Order Linear Difference Equations. In: Cuevas C, Lizama C, editors. Regularity of Difference Equations on Banach Spaces. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 71–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Forum.

Blog post
Andrew E. Amazing X-ray GIFs Show Joints In Motion [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Charges for Itemized Cellular Telephone Bills. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: RCED-93-214FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano Cahuana IL. The Production of Apologies by Colombian Learners of English A Study of Pragmatic Acquisition in an EFL Context [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. Trails, Trains and a Syrup House in Woodstock, Vt. New York Times. 2007 Jun 22;F8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wand 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Wand 2001; Delaval and Doxsey 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Delaval and Doxsey 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tan et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Forum
AbbreviationPubl. Health For.
ISSN (print)0944-5587
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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