How to format your references using the Public Health Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory R. The blind leading the sighted. Nature. 2004 Aug 19;430(7002):836.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin T, Ruf I. Paleontology. On the mammalian ear. Science. 2009 Oct 9;326(5950):243–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cattadori IM, Haydon DT, Hudson PJ. Parasites and climate synchronize red grouse populations. Nature. 2005 Feb 17;433(7027):737–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wright DE, Wagers AJ, Gulati AP, Johnson FL, Weissman IL. Physiological migration of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. Science. 2001 Nov 30;294(5548):1933–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arendt JS, Lorenzo DK. Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
Nielson HR. Semantics with Applications: An Appetizer. Nielson F, editor. London: Springer; 2007. (Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Sharp DN. Economic Violence in the Practice of African Truth Commissions and Beyond. In: Sharp DN, editor. Justice and Economic Violence in Transition. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 79–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Forum.

Blog post
Andrew E. Explore the Tunnels Under London With This Awesome Drone Footage. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Regulatory Initiatives of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jul. Report No.: GAO-01-885R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor C. The Crowd [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Once Known For Hunting, Now for Humor. New York Times. 2013 Feb 13;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gregory 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gregory 2004; Martin and Ruf 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Ruf 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wright et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Forum
AbbreviationPubl. Health For.
ISSN (print)0944-5587
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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