How to format your references using the Public Health Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Connelly JN. Geochemistry. Adjusting the solar system’s absolute clock. Science. 2010 Jan 22;327(5964):422–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scully KM, Rosenfeld MG. Pituitary development: regulatory codes in mammalian organogenesis. Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2231–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mancini G, Ferrari PF, Palagi E. Rapid facial mimicry in geladas. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1527.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Takaba H, Imai T, Miki S, Morishita Y, Miyashita A, Ishikawa N, et al. A major allogenic leukocyte antigen in the agnathan hagfish. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pearson D, Grace C. Weight Management. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
Tuyls K, Nowe A, Guessoum Z, Kudenko D, editors. Adaptive Agents and Multi-Agent Systems III. Adaptation and Multi-Agent Learning: 5th, 6th, and 7th European Symposium, ALAMAS 2005-2007 on Adaptive and Learning Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4865).
A chapter in an edited book
Matthies C. Preservation and Restitution of Auditory Function in Neurofibromatosis Type 2. In: Ramina R, de Aguiar PHP, Tatagiba M, editors. Samii’s Essentials in Neurosurgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Forum.

Blog post
Andrew E. “FriendsOfScience” Organization Do Not Fucking Love Science [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FTS 2000 Recompetition: Opportunity Exists for Better Prices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Oct. Report No.: T-IMTEC-92-1.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stefanek A. Quantitative Purchasing Structure for Ferrous Scrap [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. Broadway’s High Prices For Tickets Fuel Boom. New York Times. 2017 May 23;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Connelly 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Scully and Rosenfeld 2002; Connelly 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scully and Rosenfeld 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Takaba et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Forum
AbbreviationPubl. Health For.
ISSN (print)0944-5587
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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