How to format your references using the Vegetation History and Archaeobotany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foulger GR (2006) Geophysics. Toward “supervolcano” technology. Science 313:768–769
A journal article with 2 authors
Mathews JA, Tan H (2014) Economics: Manufacture renewables to build energy security. Nature 513:166–168
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomonaga M, Uwano Y, Saito T (2014) How dolphins see the world: a comparison with chimpanzees and humans. Sci Rep 4:3717
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Garand E, Zhou J, Manolopoulos DE, et al (2008) Nonadiabatic interactions in the Cl + H2 reaction probed by ClH2- and ClD2- photoelectron imaging. Science 319:72–75

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao CL, Narayanamurthy V, Simha KRY (2016) Applied Impact Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Morlini I, Minerva T, Vichi M (eds) (2015) Advances in Statistical Models for Data Analysis, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Godart B, de Rooij M, Wood JGM (2013) Confirmation Investigation. In: Godart B, de Rooij M, Wood JGM (eds) Guide to Diagnosis and Appraisal of AAR Damage to Concrete in Structures: Part 1 Diagnosis (AAR 6.1). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 31–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Second Group of Isolated Indians Contact Outsiders Following Attacks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Construction of a Computer Facilities Building by the Social Security Administration: Justification and Alternatives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haxton SA (2017) Student Risk Perception in the Undergraduate Teaching Laboratory. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) Friends and Family Run for 9/11 Victims. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foulger 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Foulger 2006; Mathews and Tan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mathews and Tan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Garand et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleVegetation History and Archaeobotany
AbbreviationVeg. Hist. Archaeobot.
ISSN (print)0939-6314
ISSN (online)1617-6278
ScopePlant Science

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