How to format your references using the Vegetation History and Archaeobotany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woollings T (2011) Atmospheric science. Ocean effects of blocking. Science 334:612–613
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu X, Ruvkun G (2010) Cancer. Germ cell genes and cancer. Science 330:1761–1762
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty P, Gioia G, Kieffer SW (2009) Volcanic mesocyclones. Nature 458:497–500
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Almeida MP, de Melo F, Hor-Meyll M, et al (2007) Environment-induced sudden death of entanglement. Science 316:579–582

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mathian H, Sanders L (2014) Spatio-Temporal Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wang Y, Li T (eds) (2012) Practical Applications of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
van Hillegersberg R (2015) Esophagectomy for Cancer. In: Spinoglio G (ed) Robotic Surgery: Current Applications and New Trends. Springer, Milano, pp 43–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why We Fell Out Of Love With Algorithms Inspired By Nature. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) [Comments on NASA Agreement With Firm for Commercial Launch Services]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Novak TS (2017) Vital Signs of U.S. Osteopathic Medical Residency Programs Pivoting to Single Accreditation Standards. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2004) Critics See Kremlin’s Hand in Charges Against Ex-K.G.B. Agent. New York Times 127

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woollings 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Wu and Ruvkun 2010; Woollings 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Ruvkun 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Almeida et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleVegetation History and Archaeobotany
AbbreviationVeg. Hist. Archaeobot.
ISSN (print)0939-6314
ISSN (online)1617-6278
ScopePlant Science

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