How to format your references using the Vegetation History and Archaeobotany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2009) State of energy. Nature 458:1208–1209
A journal article with 2 authors
Aldecoa R, Marín I (2013) Surprise maximization reveals the community structure of complex networks. Sci Rep 3:1060
A journal article with 3 authors
Mourre V, Villa P, Henshilwood CS (2010) Early use of pressure flaking on lithic artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science 330:659–662
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sun J, Bonneau C, Cantín A, et al (2009) The ITQ-37 mesoporous chiral zeolite. Nature 458:1154–1157

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sato T, Kammen DM, Duan B, et al (2015) Smart Grid Standards. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Simon RI (2014) Valutazione e gestione della violenza: Manuale per operatori della salute mentale. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Lozneanu E, Sanduloviciu M (2008) Cell-like space charge configurations formed by self-organization in laboratory. In: Minai AA, Bar-Yam Y (eds) Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IV: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Early Humans May Have Migrated Out Of Africa Through Egypt. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Federal Research: Information on DOE’s Laboratory-Directed R&D Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Latronica AN (2016) The effect of emotion regulation on stress and the role of executive function. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M (2017) Michael Tilson Thomas To Step Down in 2020. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2009; Aldecoa and Marín 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aldecoa and Marín 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleVegetation History and Archaeobotany
AbbreviationVeg. Hist. Archaeobot.
ISSN (print)0939-6314
ISSN (online)1617-6278
ScopePlant Science

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