How to format your references using the Vegetation History and Archaeobotany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodnow CC (2006) Immunology. Discriminating microbe from self suffers a double toll. Science 312:1606–1608
A journal article with 2 authors
State MW, Šestan N (2012) Neuroscience. The emerging biology of autism spectrum disorders. Science 337:1301–1303
A journal article with 3 authors
Schieber J, Krinsley D, Riciputi L (2000) Diagenetic origin of quartz silt in mudstones and implications for silica cycling. Nature 406:981–985
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Janvier P, Desbiens S, Willett JA, Arsenault M (2006) Lamprey-like gills in a gnathostome-related Devonian jawless vertebrate. Nature 440:1183–1185

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Powsner RA, Palmer MR, Powsner ER (2013) Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics and Instrumentation. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Hattingen E, Pilatus U (eds) (2016) Brain Tumor Imaging, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Albano A (2014) Upper Bound for the Number of Concepts of Contranominal-Scale Free Contexts. In: Glodeanu CV, Kaytoue M, Sacarea C (eds) Formal Concept Analysis: 12th International Conference, ICFCA 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 44–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Sexual Satisfaction Correlates With Intelligence. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) GAO and Federal Government ADP Procurement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers S (2014) Teacher Induction Programs: How Key Components Influence Teacher Retention Rates in Rural School Districts. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Binder S (2017) A Disaster Wrapped In Victory. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodnow 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Goodnow 2006; State and Šestan 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (State and Šestan 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Janvier et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleVegetation History and Archaeobotany
AbbreviationVeg. Hist. Archaeobot.
ISSN (print)0939-6314
ISSN (online)1617-6278
ScopePlant Science

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