How to format your references using the Vegetation History and Archaeobotany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Where are all the students? Nature 420:3
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunnschweiler CN, Bulte EH (2008) Economics. Linking natural resources to slow growth and more conflict. Science 320:616–617
A journal article with 3 authors
Miura K, Nasu H, Yamamoto S (2013) Scanning acoustic microscopy for characterization of neoplastic and inflammatory lesions of lymph nodes. Sci Rep 3:1255
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sekar N, Clark W, Dobson A, et al (2018) Ivory crisis: Growing no-trade consensus. Science 360:276–277

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hermans J, Lentz B (2013) Equilibria and Kinetics of Biological Macromolecules. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gao W (ed) (2015) Graphene Oxide: Reduction Recipes, Spectroscopy, and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
McManus R, O’Reilly G (2016) Heritage Tourism and the Commodification of Contested Spaces: Ireland and the Battle of the Boyne Site. In: Hooper G (ed) Heritage and Tourism in Britain and Ireland. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 53–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Drones Could Be Used To Fly Blood Samples To Remote Medical Centers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Airport Privatization: Limited Interest despite FAA’s Pilot Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghafoori HD (2010) Working with Muslim children and families: A training program for child welfare social workers. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2011) Winning Teams Linked With Declining Grades. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2002; Brunnschweiler and Bulte 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunnschweiler and Bulte 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sekar et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleVegetation History and Archaeobotany
AbbreviationVeg. Hist. Archaeobot.
ISSN (print)0939-6314
ISSN (online)1617-6278
ScopePlant Science

Other styles