How to format your references using the Vascular Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vascular Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.N. Swisher, Space station research: details please, Science. 290 (2000) 453e–4e.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Schmittner, E.D. Galbraith, Glacial greenhouse-gas fluctuations controlled by ocean circulation changes, Nature. 456 (2008) 373–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Oxborrow, J.D. Breeze, N.M. Alford, Room-temperature solid-state maser, Nature. 488 (2012) 353–356.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Hale, M.N. Mavrogordato, T.J. Tolhurst, M. Solan, Characterizations of how species mediate ecosystem properties require more comprehensive functional effect descriptors, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.T. Larose, Data Mining Methods and Models, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
X. Yan, ed., Dan Shen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) in Medicine: Volume 1. Biology and Chemistry, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
G.P. Eberli, H. Westphal, Summary: The Depositional Systems of the Bahamas, Belize Lagoon and The Gulf Compared, in: H. Westphal, B. Riegl, G.P. Eberli (Eds.), Carbonate Depositional Systems: Assessing Dimensions and Controlling Parameters: The Bahamas, Belize and the Persian/Arabian Gulf, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 215–229.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vascular Pharmacology.

Blog post
J. Davis, Japan Set to Restart Whaling This Year, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, A Selected Bibliography on Computer Software Conversion, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.W. Trahan, Large-scale 20th Century Warming Identified in the East Siberian Arctic Using Tree-ring Carbon Isotope Records, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Lehman, And Now for the Good News, New York Times. (2017) A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVascular Pharmacology
AbbreviationVascul. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1537-1891
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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