How to format your references using the Vascular Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vascular Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F.J. Ciesla, Outward transport of high-temperature materials around the midplane of the solar nebula, Science. 318 (2007) 613–615.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Feldmann, L. Steinman, Design of effective immunotherapy for human autoimmunity, Nature. 435 (2005) 612–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Furuya, A.S. Kamlet, T. Ritter, Catalysis for fluorination and trifluoromethylation, Nature. 473 (2011) 470–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. He, W.F. Chen, W.B. Yu, G. Ouyang, G.W. Yang, Anomalous interface adhesion of graphene membranes, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Lemma, Introduction to the Practice of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, West Sussex, England, 2008.
An edited book
M. Koutny, W.M.P. van der Aalst, A. Yakovlev, eds., Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VIII, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
L.M. Lyubchyk, G.L. Grinberg, Preference Function Reconstruction for Multiple Criteria Decision Making Based on Machine Learning Approach, in: L.A. Zadeh, A.M. Abbasov, R.R. Yager, S.N. Shahbazova, M.Z. Reformat (Eds.), Recent Developments and New Directions in Soft Computing, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vascular Pharmacology.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Here’s Why It Feels Like You Have No Free Time, In One Chart, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Research: The National Academy of Sciences and the Federal Advisory Committee Act, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Mayo, Rates and factors associated with child maltreatment recurrence for children from birth to 5 years of age in Ventura County, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), CHURCH DELEGATION IN RUSSIA, New York Times. (2003) A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVascular Pharmacology
AbbreviationVascul. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1537-1891
ScopeMolecular Medicine

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