How to format your references using the Urology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dickson D. Unesco backs “science for debt” plan. Nature. 2000;404(6781):911.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Strausberg RL, Schreiber SL. From knowing to controlling: a path from genomics to drugs using small molecule probes. Science. 2003;300(5617):294-295.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Palter JB, Lozier MS, Barber RT. The effect of advection on the nutrient reservoir in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Nature. 2005;437(7059):687-692.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Di Rosa I, Simoncelli F, Fagotti A, Pascolini R. Ecology: the proximate cause of frog declines? Nature. 2007;447(7144):E4-5; discussion E5-6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ahlemeyer-Stubbe A, Coleman S. A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Hefley WE, Wang Y, eds. Economics of Unconventional Shale Gas Development: Case Studies and Impacts. Vol 45. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kussul E, Baidyk T, Wunsch DC. Associative-Projective Neural Networks (APNNs). In: Baidyk T, Wunsch DC, eds. Neural Networks and Micromechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:75-104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urology Case Reports.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Astronomers Believe They’re Witnessing The Birth Of A New Planet. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Effective Central Control Could Improve DOD’s Ammunition Logistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Whitman S. Operational risk and financial institution leaders’ decision making: A quantitative descriptive correlation study. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Whiteside K. Foes Get Together, and No One’s Fighting Like …. New York Times. February 12, 2017:SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleUrology Case Reports
AbbreviationUrol. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2214-4420
ScopeUrology

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