How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. J. Dickson, “Molecular mechanisms of axon guidance,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5600, pp. 1959–1964, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. M. Yanega and M. A. Rubega, “Feeding mechanisms: Hummingbird jaw bends to aid insect capture,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6983, p. 615, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. C. D. Milly, K. A. Dunne, and A. V. Vecchia, “Global pattern of trends in streamflow and water availability in a changing climate,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7066, pp. 347–350, Nov. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. D. Smith et al., “Economics. Sustainability and global seafood,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5967, pp. 784–786, Feb. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
H. Ezura, T. Ariizumi, J. Garcia-Mas, and J. Rose, Eds., Functional Genomics and Biotechnology in Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae Crops, vol. 70. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Wilhelmsson and O. Langhamer, “The Influence of Fisheries Exclusion and Addition of Hard Substrata on Fish and Crustaceans,” in Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions, M. A. Shields and A. I. L. Payne, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “‘Arctic Amplification’ Caused Greenland To Set Melting Records In 2015,” IFLScience, 09-Jun-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Reimbursable Space Act Agreements: NASA Generally Adhering to Fair Reimbursement Controls, but Guidance on Waived Cost Justifications Needs Refinement,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-11-553R, May 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. A. Tajer, “Topics in MIMO networks,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, “Almost Ready to Fly,” New York Times, p. D3, 01-Mar-2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control
ISSN (print)0885-3010
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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