How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Mills, “Environment. The specter of fuel-based lighting,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5726, pp. 1263–1264, May 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. S. Ghabrial and M. A. Krasnow, “Social interactions among epithelial cells during tracheal branching morphogenesis,” Nature, vol. 441, no. 7094, pp. 746–749, Jun. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. A. Church, N. J. White, and J. M. Arblaster, “Significant decadal-scale impact of volcanic eruptions on sea level and ocean heat content,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7064, pp. 74–77, Nov. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. G. Thewissen, E. M. Williams, L. J. Roe, and S. T. Hussain, “Skeletons of terrestrial cetaceans and the relationship of whales to artiodactyls,” Nature, vol. 413, no. 6853, pp. 277–281, Sep. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. I. Good, Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and Microsoft Office Excel ®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
B. Pulendran, P. D. Katsikis, and S. P. Schoenberger, Eds., Crossroads between Innate and Adaptive Immunity III, vol. 780. in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 780. New York, NY: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Hörmann, M. Herbst, and C. Eschenbach, “Water Relations at Different Scales,” in Ecosystem Organization of a Complex Landscape: Long-Term Research in the Bornhöved Lake District, Germany, O. Fränzle, L. Kappen, H.-P. Blume, and K. Dierssen, Eds., in Ecological Studies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 101–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Artificial Proteins Could Bring The Next Biological Revolution – Starting With MRI,” IFLScience, Feb. 13, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Active Commuter Rail Agency Service Contracts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-820R, Jul. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. E. Ringberg, “Daily life at Cerro León, an Early Intermediate period highland settlement in the Moche Valley, Peru,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. M. Chapman, “Bankruptcy Judge Gets View of Detroit Outside Courtroom,” New York Times, p. A13, Aug. 09, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control
ISSN (print)0885-3010
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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