How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Luo, “Loops and autonomy promote evolvability of ecosystem networks,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6440, Sep. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. M. Gonnermann and S. Mukhopadhyay, “Non-equilibrium degassing and a primordial source for helium in ocean-island volcanism,” Nature, vol. 449, no. 7165, pp. 1037–1040, Oct. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Schaller, A. Weiske, and F. Berger, “Thunderbolt in biogeochemistry: galvanic effects of lightning as another source for metal remobilization,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3122, Nov. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. A. Silva et al., “Selective differentiation of neural progenitor cells by high-epitope density nanofibers,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5662, pp. 1352–1355, Feb. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. A. French, Chronicles Through the Centuries. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
H. Hu, X. Shi, R. Stahlbock, and S. Voß, Eds., Computational Logistics: Third International Conference, ICCL 2012, Shanghai, China, September 24-26, 2012. Proceedings, vol. 7555. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Gaikovina Kula, K. Fushida, S. Kawaguchi, and H. Iida, “Analysis of Bug Fixing Processes Using Program Slicing Metrics,” in Product-Focused Software Process Improvement: 11th International Conference, PROFES 2010, Limerick, Ireland, June 21-23, 2010. Proceedings, M. Ali Babar, M. Vierimaa, and M. Oivo, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 32–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control.

Blog post
T. Hale, “A Shellfish Species Used To Dye Ancient Royal Robes Has Disappeared From The Mediterranean,” IFLScience, Dec. 06, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “GSA’s Telecommunications Procurement Program Requires Comprehensive Planning and Management,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-84-10, Jun. 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Orozco, “Music preference and its effects on emotion processes and identity development in young adult females: An examination of the ‘emo’ subculture,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, “Capriati Moves On, Calmly,” New York Times, p. D4, Aug. 29, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control
ISSN (print)0885-3010
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Other styles