How to format your references using the Urological Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urological Science (UROLS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Phillips R. In retrospect: The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Nature 2013;504(7478):30–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stahl AE., Feigenson L. Cognitive development. Observing the unexpected enhances infants’ learning and exploration. Science 2015;348(6230):91–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuan X., Xiao S., Taylor TN. Lichen-like symbiosis 600 million years ago. Science 2005;308(5724):1017–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Qin L., Park S., Huang L., Mirkin CA. On-wire lithography. Science 2005;309(5731):113–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris SA. Food and Package Engineering, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Landau DP., Lewis SP., Schütler H-B. Computer Simulation Studies in Condensed-Matter Physics XVI, vol. 103, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Sinha R., Roop P., Basu S. SoC Design Methodology. In: Roop P, and Basu S, editors. Correct-by-Construction Approaches for SoC Design, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 73–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urological Science.

Blog post
Andrews R. Nearly 1,500 New Viruses Have Just Been Discovered In China. IFLScience. Available from: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Status of Implementation of GAO Recommendations on Evacuation of Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations and Patients and Residents of Health Care Facilities, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford KB. 500 Year Chenier, Architecture, Cultural Identity, and Land Change “Identification in a Dynamic Place.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times 2017:C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleUrological Science
AbbreviationUrol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1879-5226

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