How to format your references using the Urologia Internationalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologia Internationalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Fratzl P. Applied physics: The virtues of tiling. Nature. 2014 Dec;516(7530):178–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Miller AI, Foote M. Increased longevities of post-Paleozoic marine genera after mass extinctions. Science. 2003 Nov;302(5647):1030–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
De Moraes CM, Mescher MC, Tumlinson JH. Caterpillar-induced nocturnal plant volatiles repel conspecific females. Nature. 2001 Mar;410(6828):577–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Rosenbaum RS, Stuss DT, Levine B, Tulving E. Theory of mind is independent of episodic memory. Science. 2007 Nov;318(5854):1257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Connors LA, Alvarez C. How Markets Really Work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1
Stephanidis C, editor. HCI International 2015 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015. Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Chesi S, Giuliani GF. In-plane ferromagnetic instability in a two-dimensional electron liquid in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit coupling. In: Polini M, Vignale G, Pellegrini V, Jain JK, editors. No-nonsense Physicist: An overview of Gabriele Giuliani’s work and life. Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore; 2016; pp 61–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologia Internationalis.

Blog post
1
Fang J. Stick Bug Study Suggests Evolution is Predictable [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/stick-bug-study-suggests-evolution-predictable/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Department of Homeland Security: Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development Efforts Could Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Santella Steen S. The Potential of Television Programming as a Resource to Facilitate Academic Progress for Students who have a Specific Learning Disability in Reading. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Lee L. Almost Ready to Fly. New York Times. 2012 Mar;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologia Internationalis
AbbreviationUrol. Int.
ISSN (print)0042-1138
ISSN (online)1423-0399
ScopeUrology

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