How to format your references using the Urologia Internationalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologia Internationalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown RS. Hepatitis C and liver transplantation. Nature. 2005 Aug;436(7053):973–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones AG, Ferguson IJ. The electric Moho. Nature. 2001 Jan;409(6818):331–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi JS, Shimomura K, Kumar V. Searching for genes underlying behavior: lessons from circadian rhythms. Science. 2008 Nov;322(5903):909–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guo S, Yamaguchi Y, Schilbach S, Wada T, Lee J, Goddard A, et al. A regulator of transcriptional elongation controls vertebrate neuronal development. Nature. 2000 Nov;408(6810):366–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu H, Li G. OFDM-Based Broadband Wireless Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Brazil M. Optimal Interconnection Trees in the Plane: Theory, Algorithms and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones TG, Ratsimba HR, Carro A, Ravaoarinorotsihoarana L, Glass L, Teoh M, et al. The Mangroves of Ambanja and Ambaro Bays, Northwest Madagascar: Historical Dynamics, Current Status and Deforestation Mitigation Strategy. In: Diop S, Scheren P, Ferdinand Machiwa J, editors. Estuaries: A Lifeline of Ecosystem Services in the Western Indian Ocean. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologia Internationalis.

Blog post
Fang J. All The Water In This Lake Vanishes Down a Hole Every Summer [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Questions on Administrative Costs of an Equipment Subsidy Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan-atichat TP. Behavior of VNC in high-latency environments and techniques for improvement. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Supreme Court Hears Plea for Help From Puerto Rico. New York Times. 2016 Mar;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologia Internationalis
AbbreviationUrol. Int.
ISSN (print)0042-1138
ISSN (online)1423-0399

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