How to format your references using the Urologia Internationalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologia Internationalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Hallonsten O. Europe needs fresh focus on big-science projects. Nature. 2015 Feb;518(7539):275.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Frieda KL, Block SM. Direct observation of cotranscriptional folding in an adenine riboswitch. Science. 2012 Oct;338(6105):397–400.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Golding NL, Staff NP, Spruston N. Dendritic spikes as a mechanism for cooperative long-term potentiation. Nature. 2002 Jul;418(6895):326–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Stevens JA, Ivison RJ, Dunlop JS, Smail IR, Percival WJ, Hughes DH, et al. The formation of cluster elliptical galaxies as revealed by extensive star formation. Nature. 2003 Sep;425(6955):264–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Smith JT. Methods of Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
1
Park NC, Kim SW, Moon DG, editors. Penile Augmentation. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Rossener R, Carvalho LFP, Salgado JL, Abrao MS. Laparoscopic Excision of Endometriosis. In: Escobar PF, Falcone T, editors. Atlas of Single-Port, Laparoscopic, and Robotic Surgery: A Practical Approach in Gynecology. New York, NY: Springer; 2014; pp 59–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologia Internationalis.

Blog post
1
Luntz S. Curiosity Observes First Transit On Another World [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Jun

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Freight Rail Security: Actions Have Been Taken to Enhance Security, but the Federal Strategy Can Be Strengthened and Security Efforts Better Monitored. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Pratt PR. Analysis of the thermo-mechanical characteristics of the LENSTM process for steels using the finite element method. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
MacFARQUHAR N, Nechepurenko I. In Over 100 Cities, Protesters Heed Anti-Kremlin Cry. New York Times. 2017 Jun;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologia Internationalis
AbbreviationUrol. Int.
ISSN (print)0042-1138
ISSN (online)1423-0399
ScopeUrology

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