How to format your references using the Urologia Internationalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urologia Internationalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D: Laying a firm foundation for interdisciplinary research endeavours. Nature 2000;406:107–108.
A journal article with 2 authors
Newman DK, Kolter R: A role for excreted quinones in extracellular electron transfer. Nature 2000;405:94–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Geng WT, Wang J-S, Olson GB: Comment on “Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system.” Science 2005;309:1677; author reply 1677.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Martins F, Faniel S, Rosenow B, Sellier H, Huant S, Pala MG, et al.: Coherent tunnelling across a quantum point contact in the quantum Hall regime. Sci Rep 2013;3:1416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kadane JB, Schum DA: A Probabilistic Analysis of the Sacco and Vanzetti Evidence: Kadane/A Probabilistic. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997.
An edited book
Laidlaw DH, Vilanova A (eds): New Developments in the Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Tapas Si: Grammatical Evolution Using Fireworks Algorithm; in Pant M, Deep K, Bansal JC, Nagar A, Das KN (eds): Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2015, Volume 1. Singapore, Springer, 2016, pp 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urologia Internationalis.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J: Hubble Snaps Incredible Image Of A Super Bright Star Cluster At The Milky Way’s Heart. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology Management: Coast Guard Practices Can Be Improved. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zuckerman T: The Effect of Communication Between Parents and their Emerging Adult Offspring on Depression and Career Search Self-efficacy 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J: Fox News Rivals See A Chance To Move In. New York Times 2017;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrologia Internationalis
AbbreviationUrol. Int.
ISSN (print)0042-1138
ISSN (online)1423-0399

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