How to format your references using the Urban Rail Transit citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Rail Transit. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batson PE (2012) Applied physics. Plasmonic modes revealed. Science 335:47–48
A journal article with 2 authors
Czakó G, Bowman JM (2011) Dynamics of the reaction of methane with chlorine atom on an accurate potential energy surface. Science 334:343–346
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe C, Harris JM, Roberts SC (2005) Sporting contests: seeing red? Putting sportswear in context. Nature 437:E10; discussion E10-1
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Patel NA, Curiel S, Sridharan TK, et al (2005) A disk of dust and molecular gas around a high-mass protostar. Nature 437:109–111

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Institute of Management and Administration (IOMA) (2012) Cost Reduction and Control Best Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kröger F (2008) Temporal Logic and State Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Winstead C, McKoy V (2012) Electron–Biomolecule Collision Studies Using the Schwinger Multichannel Method. In: García Gómez-Tejedor G, Fuss MC (eds) Radiation Damage in Biomolecular Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 87–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Rail Transit.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) First Colour Images Of Ceres Revealed As Dawn Approaches. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Transportation Security: Key Actions Have Been Taken to Enhance Mass Transit and Passenger Rail Security, but Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Federal Strategy and Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith T (2012) Outsider leadership transitions: A phenomenological study of Army Reserve General Officers. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B (2015) An Off-Duty Police Officer Is Robbed of Her Gun After Being Attacked in the Bronx. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Rail Transit
AbbreviationUrban Rail Transit
ISSN (print)2199-6687
ISSN (online)2199-6679

Other styles