How to format your references using the Urban Rail Transit citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Rail Transit. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Putterman L (2014) Behavioural economics: A caring majority secures the future. Nature 511:165–166
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dijk D-J, Skeldon AC (2015) Biological rhythms: Human sleep before the industrial era. Nature 527:176–177
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hines PJ, Wible B, McCartney M (2010) Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science 328:447
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Larson DR, Zipfel WR, Williams RM, et al (2003) Water-soluble quantum dots for multiphoton fluorescence imaging in vivo. Science 300:1434–1436

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (2014) Trayed and Packed Columns. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Prodan I (2016) Mixed-Integer Representations in Control Design: Mathematical Foundations and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Foruria EV (2013) The Participation of Autonomous Communities in the Central Bodies of State. In: López-Basaguren A, Escajedo San Epifanio L (eds) The Ways of Federalism in Western Countries and the Horizons of Territorial Autonomy in Spain: Volume 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 63–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Rail Transit.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) World’s Oldest Human Bone Reportedly Found In Saudi Arabia. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Information Technology: Treasury Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Board Operations and Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pasricha LA (2010) North African women in Spain: Dreams and reality, identity and belonging. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW (2015) Puerto Rico Fails to Pay $58 Million Bond Debt. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Rail Transit
AbbreviationUrban Rail Transit
ISSN (print)2199-6687
ISSN (online)2199-6679
Scope

Other styles