How to format your references using the Urban Rail Transit citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Rail Transit. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K (2004) Glittering prizes. Nature 428:676–677
A journal article with 2 authors
Joshi NS, Jacks T (2013) Immunology. Guilty by association. Science 339:1160–1161
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine MS, Voss D, Coontz R (2007) A robotic future. Introduction to special issue. Science 318:1083
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang X, Weng W, Xu W, et al (2014) Role of Bcl-2 -938 C>A polymorphism in susceptibility and prognosis of cancer: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep 4:7241

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brillson LJ (2016) An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ito T, Zhang M, Robu V, et al (2011) Innovations in Agent-Based Complex Automated Negotiations. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshiuchi K (2014) Momentary Measurement of Psychosocial Factors. In: Dollard MF, Shimazu A, Bin Nordin R, et al (eds) Psychosocial Factors at Work in the Asia Pacific. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 117–125

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Rail Transit.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) This Technique Could Allow Us To Harvest Water From Asteroids. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) FTA New York Mass Transit Grants: False Statements to FTA Grantee/Grantee Violations of Contracting Policy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vernold EL (2008) Special education teacher resiliency: What keeps teachers in the field? Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robert Kelly; Robert Kelly is a poet, fiction writer whose most recent book is ’ ’A Transparent Tree, ’ ’ a collection of short fiction. He teaches at the Milton Avery Graduate School of the Arts, at Bard College (1986) ORDINARY SPLENDORS. New York Times 725

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Rail Transit
AbbreviationUrban Rail Transit
ISSN (print)2199-6687
ISSN (online)2199-6679

Other styles