How to format your references using the UMK Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for UMK Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2008). Cell therapy: being patient. Nature, 455(7213), 586–588.
A journal article with 2 authors
Irvine, R. F., & Denton, R. M. (2011). Cell biology. Pyro-technic control of metabolism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 770–771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hasty, J., McMillen, D., & Collins, J. J. (2002). Engineered gene circuits. Nature, 420(6912), 224–230.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Seeger, M. A., Schiefner, A., Eicher, T., Verrey, F., Diederichs, K., & Pos, K. M. (2006). Structural asymmetry of AcrB trimer suggests a peristaltic pump mechanism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5791), 1295–1298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cleaver, H., Cawson, P., Gorin, S., & Walker, S. (2009). Safeguarding Children. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Weyns, D., & Gleizes, M.-P. (Eds.). (2011). Agent-Oriented Software Engineering XI: 11th International Workshop, AOSE 2010, Toronto, Canada, May 10-11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 6788). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Roberts, P. (2012). More Than A Metaphor. In P. Roberts (Ed.), From West to East and Back Again: An Educational Reading of Hermann Hesse’s Later Work (pp. 41–54). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for UMK Procedia.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 8). Mysterious Legendary Metal Found In Ancient Shipwreck. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Honeywell Computer Equipment Supplied to DOD (B-163074). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heitz, S. L. (2017). A Mindfulness Approach to Help Teachers And Staff Provide Support to High School Students: A Self-Instructional Curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J. (2016, September 5). Exploring the Sea, No Sailors Needed. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2008; Irvine & Denton, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Irvine & Denton, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Hasty et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Seeger et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleUMK Procedia
AbbreviationUMK Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-0115

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