How to format your references using the UMK Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for UMK Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, M. (2009). Time to turn off the lights. Nature, 457(7225), 27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Denef, V. J., & Banfield, J. F. (2012). In situ evolutionary rate measurements show ecological success of recently emerged bacterial hybrids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6080), 462–466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shoemaker, C. J., Eyler, D. E., & Green, R. (2010). Dom34:Hbs1 promotes subunit dissociation and peptidyl-tRNA drop-off to initiate no-go decay. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6002), 369–372.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chin, C., Bartenstein, M., Altmeyer, A., Riedl, S., Jochim, S., Denschlag, J. H., & Grimm, R. (2004). Observation of the pairing gap in a strongly interacting Fermi gas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5687), 1128–1130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S. (2010). Computational Photonics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Garay, J. A., Miyaji, A., & Otsuka, A. (Eds.). (2009). Cryptology and Network Security: 8th International Conference, CANS 2009, Kanazawa, Japan, December 12-14, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5888). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Suraj, Z., & Grochowalski, P. (2008). Patterns of Collaborations in Rough Set Research. In R. Bello, R. Falcón, W. Pedrycz, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Granular Computing: At the Junction of Rough Sets and Fuzzy Sets (pp. 79–92). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for UMK Procedia.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 19). Coldest Temperature In The Universe Created In American Laboratory. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Earth Observing System: Concentration on Near-Term EOSDIS Development May Jeopardize Long-Term Success (No. T-AIMD-95-103). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hardison, A. (2017). Achieving Literacy Excellence through Identifying and Utilizing High Yield Strategies (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017, October 3). Dressing for Success At the Fish Market. New York Times, p. D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Denef & Banfield, 2012; Smith, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Denef & Banfield, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Shoemaker, Eyler, & Green, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleUMK Procedia
AbbreviationUMK Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-0115

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