How to format your references using the UMK Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for UMK Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willoughby, H. E. (2007). Atmosphere. Forecasting hurricane intensity and impacts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5816), 1232–1233.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruud, J., & Brüning, J. C. (2015). Metabolism: Light on leptin link to lipolysis. Nature, 527(7576), 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Teng, F.-Z., Dauphas, N., & Helz, R. T. (2008). Iron isotope fractionation during magmatic differentiation in Kilauea Iki lava lake. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1620–1622.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, M., Bao, W.-J., Wang, J., Wang, K., Xu, J.-J., Chen, H.-Y., & Xia, X.-H. (2014). A green approach to the synthesis of novel “Desert rose stone”-like nanobiocatalytic system with excellent enzyme activity and stability. Scientific Reports, 4, 6606.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burghardt, G., & Walls, B. (2011). Managed Futures for Institutional Investors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liu, J., Hebenton, B., & Jou, S. (Eds.). (2013). Handbook of Asian Criminology. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fileni, A., Galletti, G., & Mirk, P. (2012). La comunicazione radiologica odierna. In F. Schiavon, G. Guglielmi, & A. Rotondo (Eds.), La comunicazione radiologica nella società del benessere (pp. 37–44). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for UMK Procedia.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 10). Down Syndrome Theory On Hobbit Species Doesn’t Hold To Scrutiny. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Administration of Payroll Matters for Civilian Employees, Marine Corps Development and Education Command (092125). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gimbel, S. I. (2010). Imaging frontal and medial temporal lobe interaction during memory retrieval and disentangling the effects of the default network [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin, S. (2014, August 17). A Place to Stay and to Play. New York Times, TR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willoughby, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ruud & Brüning, 2015; Willoughby, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruud & Brüning, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Teng et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleUMK Procedia
AbbreviationUMK Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-0115

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