How to format your references using the UMK Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for UMK Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J. (2001). Drugs firms inflate research costs, watchdog says. Nature, 412(6847), 571.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Y., & Daum, P. H. (2002). Anthropogenic aerosols. Indirect warming effect from dispersion forcing. Nature, 419(6907), 580–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bietenholz, M. F., Bartel, N., & Rupen, M. P. (2004). Discovery of a compact radio component in the center of supernova 1986J. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1947–1949.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lolle, S. J., Victor, J. L., Young, J. M., & Pruitt, R. E. (2005). Genome-wide non-mendelian inheritance of extra-genomic information in Arabidopsis. Nature, 434(7032), 505–509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schuenemeyer, J. H., & Drew, L. J. (2010). Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Razdan, S. (Ed.). (2016). Urinary Continence and Sexual Function After Robotic Radical Prostatectomy. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
AL-Hussaini, E. K., & Ahsanullah, M. (2015). Family of Exponentiated Exponential Distribution. In M. Ahsanullah (Ed.), Exponentiated Distributions (pp. 81–102). Atlantis Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for UMK Procedia.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 22). New Type Of Mid-Sized Black Hole Found. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). NASA Contract Management (NSIAD-96-95R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zacher, B. (2013). The roles of electrode contacts in organic photovoltaics [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. R. (2012, November 27). Good Neighbors, Bad Border. New York Times, A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Knight, 2001; Liu & Daum, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Daum, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bietenholz et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lolle et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleUMK Procedia
AbbreviationUMK Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-0115

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