How to format your references using the UMK Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for UMK Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burgess, D. (2007). Taking on that first faculty job. Nature, 447(7148), 1142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, P., & Hendler, J. (2011). Changing the equation on scientific data visualization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6018), 705–708.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vidale, J. E., Dodge, D. A., & Earle, P. S. (2000). Slow differential rotation of the Earth’s inner core indicated by temporal changes in scattering. Nature, 405(6785), 445–448.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shimizu, Y., Ogawa, Y., Sugiura, K., Takeda, J.-I., Sakai-Sawada, K., Yanagi, T., Kon, A., Sawamura, D., Shimizu, H., & Akiyama, M. (2014). A palindromic motif in the -2084 to -2078 upstream region is essential for ABCA12 promoter function in cultured human keratinocytes. Scientific Reports, 4, 6737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert, C. L. (2012). Clinical Trials Dictionary. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Martino, F., Defilippi, C., & Caudana, R. (Eds.). (2011). Imaging of Pediatric Bone and Joint Trauma. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Buitendijk, G. H. S., Springelkamp, H., Ho, L., & Klaver, C. C. W. (2013). Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: Genetics and Gene-Environment Interaction. In H. P. N. Scholl, R. W. Massof, & S. West (Eds.), Ophthalmology and the Ageing Society (pp. 57–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for UMK Procedia.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, February 12). This Single Image Contains 6 Celestial Phenomena. How Many Can You Name? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Financial Information Lacking on Government Telecommunications Services and Equipment (MASAD-83-16). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McIlwain, C. J. (2017). Defense Institutional Building - Integrating the Work [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017, June 16). Faith and Family, in Transition. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burgess, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Burgess, 2007; Fox & Hendler, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox & Hendler, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Vidale et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shimizu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleUMK Procedia
AbbreviationUMK Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-0115

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