How to format your references using the UMK Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for UMK Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marra, J. (2005). When will we tame the oceans? Nature, 436(7048), 175–176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klagsbrun, M., & Moses, M. A. (2008). Obituary: M. Judah Folkman (1933-2008). Nature, 451(7180), 781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bento, G., Ogawa, A., & Sommer, R. J. (2010). Co-option of the hormone-signalling module dafachronic acid-DAF-12 in nematode evolution. Nature, 466(7305), 494–497.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lunzer, M., Miller, S. P., Felsheim, R., & Dean, A. M. (2005). The biochemical architecture of an ancient adaptive landscape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5747), 499–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene, E. A. (2005). Electronic Materials Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Germanakos, P. (2016). Human-Centred Web Adaptation and Personalization: From Theory to Practice (M. Belk, Ed.; 1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirschfeld, J. W. P., & Thas, J. A. (2016). Veronese and Segre varieties. In J. A. Thas (Ed.), General Galois Geometries (pp. 143–221). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for UMK Procedia.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, February 20). New App Can Literally Improve Your Eyesight. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Mass Transit: Implementation of FTA’s New Starts Evaluation Process and FY 2001 Funding Proposals (RCED-00-149). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roettger, M. E. (2008). Three essays on social inequality and the U.S. criminal justice system [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Almosawa, S., & Hubbard, B. (2017, March 11). Yemen Airstrike Kills at Least 16. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marra, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Klagsbrun & Moses, 2008; Marra, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klagsbrun & Moses, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Bento et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lunzer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleUMK Procedia
AbbreviationUMK Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-0115

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