How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
You Y (2010) Harnessing telecoms cables for science. Nature 466:690–691
A journal article with 2 authors
Gonnermann HM, Mukhopadhyay S (2009) Preserving noble gases in a convecting mantle. Nature 459:560–563
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto S, Furlan RLE, Sanders JKM (2002) Selection and amplification of hosts from dynamic combinatorial libraries of macrocyclic disulfides. Science 297:590–593
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chu D, Guo D, Tao Y, et al (2014) Evidence for rapid spatiotemporal changes in genetic structure of an alien whitefly during initial invasion. Sci Rep 4:4396

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ming D, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D, et al (2016) Attainable Region Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pfenning F (2007) Automated Deduction – CADE-21: 21st International Conference on Automated Deduction Bremen, Germany, July 17-20, 2007 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Spindler P, Johannes FM (2007) Kraftwerk: A Fast and Robust Quadratic Placer Using an Exact Linear Net Model. In: Nam G-J, Cong J (eds) Modern Circuit Placement: Best Practices and Results. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 59–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Enormous Fish-Eating Spiders Surge In Numbers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Motor Carrier Safety: Reincarnating Commercial Vehicle Companies Pose Safety Threat to Motoring Public; Federal Safety Agency Has Initiated Efforts to Prevent Future Occurrences. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newberry GC (2014) Students’ experiences with simulation education. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) Leonard Cohen Book Scheduled for 2018. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Surgical Oncology
AbbreviationIndian J. Surg. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0975-7651
ISSN (online)0976-6952

Other styles