How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Osborne J (2010) Arguing to learn in science: the role of collaborative, critical discourse. Science 328:463–466
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewinsohn TM, Cagnolo L (2012) Ecology. Keystones in a tangled bank. Science 335:1449–1451
A journal article with 3 authors
Trumbore S, Brando P, Hartmann H (2015) Forest health and global change. Science 349:814–818
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Taleyarkhan RP, West CD, Cho JS, et al (2002) Evidence for nuclear emissions during acoustic cavitation. Science 295:1868–1873

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper JD (2016) Soil Water Measurement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kanosue K, Kogiso K, Oshimi D, Harada M (2015) Sports Management and Sports Humanities. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Ecker W, Esen V, Steininger T, Velten M (2009) HW/SW Interface. In: Ecker W, Müller W, Dömer R (eds) Hardware-dependent Software: Principles and Practice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 95–149

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) The World’s First Three-Parent Baby Has Been Born. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Space Operations: NASA Efforts to Develop and Deploy Advanced Spacecraft Computers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Neil DM (2013) Climate frequencies of the early Holocene from Foy Lake, Montana. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2014) Filling Pages Not Difficult With a Life Lived Large. New York Times SP10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Surgical Oncology
AbbreviationIndian J. Surg. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0975-7651
ISSN (online)0976-6952

Other styles