How to format your references using the Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Been MD. Molecular biology. Versatility of self-cleaving ribozymes. Science. 2006;313:1745–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Parsons J, Wand Y. A question of class. Nature. 2008;455:1040–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Humanes-Valera D, Foffani G, Aguilar J. Increased cortical responses to forepaw stimuli immediately after peripheral deafferentation of hindpaw inputs. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7278.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McVean GAT, Myers SR, Hunt S, Deloukas P, Bentley DR, Donnelly P. The fine-scale structure of recombination rate variation in the human genome. Science. 2004;304:581–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Neff DJ, Moss RC. The Future of Nonprofits. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gardner-Bonneau D. Human Factors and Voice Interactive Systems. Second Edition. Blanchard HE, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Marbach-Ad G, Egan LC, Thompson KV. Consultation for Individuals and Groups of Faculty. In: Egan LC, Thompson KV, editors. A Discipline-Based Teaching and Learning Center: A Model for Professional Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 89–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Warning Of “1 in 100” San Andreas Fault Earthquake Prompts Concerns [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/warning-of-1-in-100-san-andreas-fault-earthquake-prompts-concerns/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Surveys of Consumers and of State Utility Commissions about Wireless Phone Service (GAO-10-35SP, November 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-10-34. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Nov. Report No.: GAO-10-35SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gerhart T. Convex optimization techniques and their application in hyperspectral video processing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. The Best and the Brightest Under Fire. New York Times. 2001 Mar 18;141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
AbbreviationTrop. Dis. Travel Med. Vaccines
ISSN (online)2055-0936
Scope

Other styles