How to format your references using the Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Reichhardt T. NASA review leaves projects on launch pad. National Aeronautics & Space Administration. Nature. 2000;403:583.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chirik PJ, Wieghardt K. Chemistry. Radical ligands confer nobility on base-metal catalysts. Science. 2010;327:794–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dharmasiri N, Dharmasiri S, Estelle M. The F-box protein TIR1 is an auxin receptor. Nature. 2005;435:441–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jónsson S, Segall P, Pedersen R, Björnsson G. Post-earthquake ground movements correlated to pore-pressure transients. Nature. 2003;424:179–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith CL. Basic Process Measurements. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Murata T, Mineshima K, Bekki D, editors. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI-isAI 2014 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, and GABA, Kanagawa, Japan, October 27-28, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gołab S. Sur L’ÉQuation Fonctionnelle Des Brigades. In: Forte B, editor. Functional Equations and Inequalities. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 141–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Scientists Believe They May Finally Have Figured Out The Mystery Of The “Alien Megastructure” Star. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations (Spanish Version). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Nov. Report No.: GAO-06-185.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Woo C. Cross-Cultural Encounter and the Novel: Nation, Identity, and Genre in Nineteenth-Century British Literature [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Missed Opportunities Are the Liberty’s Downfall. New York Times. 2000 Aug 25;D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
AbbreviationTrop. Dis. Travel Med. Vaccines
ISSN (online)2055-0936

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