How to format your references using the Trends in Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, L.D. (2013) Sustainable mobility: A vision of our transport future. Nature 497, 181–182
A journal article with 2 authors
Belloc, E. and Méndez, R. (2008) A deadenylation negative feedback mechanism governs meiotic metaphase arrest. Nature 452, 1017–1021
A journal article with 3 authors
Kah, L.C. et al. (2004) Low marine sulphate and protracted oxygenation of the Proterozoic biosphere. Nature 431, 834–838
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Kimel, A.V. et al. (2005) Ultrafast non-thermal control of magnetization by instantaneous photomagnetic pulses. Nature 435, 655–657

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, M.A. (2005) Internet Technologies Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pawankar, R. et al., eds. (2009) Allergy Frontiers: Diagnosis and Health Economics, 4Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Thompson, H.J. et al. (2011) Energetics and Cancer: Exploring a Road Less Traveled. In Physical Activity, Dietary Calorie Restriction, and Cancer (McTiernan, A., ed), pp. 55–67, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 28-Aug-(2015) , What Would Happen If You Dropped A Nuclear Bomb Into A Volcano? , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Airline Competition: Industry Competitive and Financial Problems, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, C. (2010) , A quantitative study of retirement knowledge among Spring 2009 Arizona high school graduates. , Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott, M.L. 14-Jul-(2017) , My Adventures in Accountability. , New York Times, SR9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationTrends Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1471-4914
ISSN (online)1471-499X
ScopeMolecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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