How to format your references using the Trends in Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ehrsson, H.H. (2007) The experimental induction of out-of-body experiences. Science 317, 1048
A journal article with 2 authors
Nandagopal, N. and Elowitz, M.B. (2011) Synthetic biology: integrated gene circuits. Science 333, 1244–1248
A journal article with 3 authors
Papp, B. et al. (2003) Dosage sensitivity and the evolution of gene families in yeast. Nature 424, 194–197
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Bousso, P. et al. (2002) Dynamics of thymocyte-stromal cell interactions visualized by two-photon microscopy. Science 296, 1876–1880

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yalaoui, A. et al. (2012) Optimization of Logistics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wagner, W., ed. (2015) AiKiDô: The Trinity of Conflict Transformation, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Bordella, M.D. et al. (2011) Operational Innovation: From Principles to Methodology. In Information Technology and Innovation Trends in Organizations: ItAIS: The Italian Association for Information Systems (D’Atri, A. et al., eds), pp. 29–36, Physica-Verlag HD

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 28-Oct-(2015) , Males Prove Mosquito Weak Link. , IFLScience. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Excess Classroom Space--A Case for Better Planning, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsu, Y.-C. (2009) , A cultural psychosocial model for depression in elder care institutions: The roles of Socially Supportive Activity and self-transcendence. , Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 13-Dec-(1992) , Newly Selected Chief of Staff Is Widely Known for Loyalty. , New York Times, 134

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationTrends Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1471-4914
ISSN (online)1471-499X
ScopeMolecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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