How to format your references using the Trends in Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunten, D.M. (2001) Planetary science. Clues to the Martian atmosphere. Science 294, 1843–1844
A journal article with 2 authors
Amico, G. and Aizen, M.A. (2000) Mistletoe seed dispersal by a marsupial. Nature 408, 929–930
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, D. et al. (2013) Quantifying long-term scientific impact. Science 342, 127–132
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Dayan, B. et al. (2008) A photon turnstile dynamically regulated by one atom. Science 319, 1062–1065

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman, J.A. and Tasman, A. (2006) Handbook of Psychiatric Drugs, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mutondo, J. (2016) Water Governance Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa: Between Myth and Reality, 1st ed. 2016.Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gupta, A. and Al-Ahmad, A. (2011) Case 5. In Cardiac Electrophysiology: Clinical Case Review (Natale, A. et al., eds), pp. 19–21, Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 09-May-(2014) , Octopus Vs. Jar. , IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Emergency Communications: Vulnerabilities Remain and Limited Collaboration and Monitoring Hamper Federal Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilensky, S.E. (2010) , 340B prime vendor program: Health center decision making and barriers to participation. , Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. 19-Aug-(2016) , Exxon’s Forecasts, Not Past Views, Are at Core of Climate Investigation. , New York Times, B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationTrends Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1471-4914
ISSN (online)1471-499X
ScopeMolecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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