How to format your references using the Trends in Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenberg, R.S. (2003) Science and the law. Patent swords and shields. Science 299, 1018–1019
A journal article with 2 authors
Bremner, R. and Sage, J. (2014) Cancer: The origin of human retinoblastoma. Nature 514, 312–313
A journal article with 3 authors
Haskell, J.P. et al. (2002) Fractal geometry predicts varying body size scaling relationships for mammal and bird home ranges. Nature 418, 527–530
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Xu, W. et al. (2013) Make caffeine visible: a fluorescent caffeine “traffic light” detector. Sci. Rep. 3, 2255

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, L.S. et al. (2014) Design of Steel Structures, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
An edited book
Gartner, G. et al., eds. (2007) Location Based Services and TeleCartography, Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Chatterjee, S. and Sarkar, P. (2011) Boneh-Franklin IBE and its Variants. In Identity-Based Encryption (Sarkar, P., ed), pp. 49–62, Springer US

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Walking on Water: Easier Than It Sounds. IFLScience. [Online]. [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Card Reader Pilot Results Are Unreliable; Security Benefits Should Be Reassessed, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rajendran, N. (2010) Assessment of upper extremity strength, power, and flexibility characteristics of college-aged male and female students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001) Many Families Waver on Plans For HolidaysNew York Times, 58

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationTrends Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1471-4914
ISSN (online)1471-499X
ScopeMolecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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