How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Microbiology (JCM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Brumfiel G. 2003. US societies unite in plea for boost to research budgets. Nature 421:100.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hawker CJ, Wooley KL. 2005. The convergence of synthetic organic and polymer chemistries. Science 309:1200–1205.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Killgore WDS, Olson EA, Weber M. 2013. Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Sci Rep 3:3457.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Raffaele S, Farrer RA, Cano LM, Studholme DJ, MacLean D, Thines M, Jiang RHY, Zody MC, Kunjeti SG, Donofrio NM, Meyers BC, Nusbaum C, Kamoun S. 2010. Genome evolution following host jumps in the Irish potato famine pathogen lineage. Science 330:1540–1543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sexton D. 2009. Trump University Marketing 101. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
2010. Advances in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems: 8th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems (PAAMS 2010). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jha KR, Singh G. 2014. Ring Resonator-Integrated Hemi-elliptical Lens Antenna, p. 83–105. In Singh, G (ed.), Terahertz Planar Antennas for Next Generation Communication. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 2015. Studying Down Syndrome Might Help Us Understand Alzheimer’s Disease Better. IFLScience. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Railroad Safety: DOD Can Improve the Safety of On-Base Track and Equipment. RCED-91-135. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wilson EM. 2017. Lessons Learned from the Gender Wage Gap in the Federal Workforce: Structural Changes and Temporal Flexibility are Only the First Step to Equality. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. 2017. Victory for Morale Precedes an Actual Loss. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Microbiology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0095-1137
ISSN (online)1098-660X
ScopeMicrobiology (medical)

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