How to format your references using the Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun DM. Plant science. SWEET! The pathway is complete. Science 2012;335:173–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makse HA, Kurchan J. Testing the thermodynamic approach to granular matter with a numerical model of a decisive experiment. Nature 2002;415:614–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kieffer HH, Christensen PR, Titus TN. CO2 jets formed by sublimation beneath translucent slab ice in Mars’ seasonal south polar ice cap. Nature 2006;442:793–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Johnston CA, Temple BR, Chen J-G, Gao Y, Moriyama EN, Jones AM, et al. Comment on “A G protein coupled receptor is a plasma membrane receptor for the plant hormone abscisic acid.” Science 2007;318:914; author reply 914.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cretu O, Stewart R, Berends T. Risk Management for Design and Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Liu X, editor. Dao Companion to Daoist Philosophy. vol. 6. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Fichot J. Proof-Theoretic Semantics and Feasibility. In: Dubucs J, Bourdeau M, editors. Constructivity and Computability in Historical and Philosophical Perspective, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 135–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Long Reach Of The Past: Did Prehistoric Humans Shape Today’s Ecosystems? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security Administration’s Suspension of the Butane Lighter Ban Onboard Commercial Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marroquin Salvador MD. Hypervelocity Impact of Spherical Aluminum 2017-T4 Projectiles on Aluminum 6061-T6 Multi-Layered Sheets. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M, Kishkovsky S. Play About Oscar Wilde Runs Afoul of Kremlin. New York Times 2015:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
AbbreviationTravel Med. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)1477-8939
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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