How to format your references using the Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Berglund J. Orthopaedics: Structural support. Nature 2011;480:S56-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Genda H, Abe Y. Enhanced atmospheric loss on protoplanets at the giant impact phase in the presence of oceans. Nature 2005;433:842–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lehmann S, Jackson AD, Lautrup BE. Measures for measures. Nature 2006;444:1003–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Fang Y, Iu CYY, Lui CNP, Zou Y, Fung CKM, Li HW, et al. Investigating dynamic structural and mechanical changes of neuroblastoma cells associated with glutamate-mediated neurodegeneration. Sci Rep 2014;4:7074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Jepsen TC. Distributed Storage Networks. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
[1]
Bebis G, Boyle R, Parvin B, Koracin D, Li B, Porikli F, et al., editors. Advances in Visual Computing: 9th International Symposium, ISVC 2013, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings, Part II. vol. 8034. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Newborough J, Stepney S. A Generic Framework for Population-Based Algorithms, Implemented on Multiple FPGAs. In: Jacob C, Pilat ML, Bentley PJ, Timmis JI, editors. Artificial Immune Systems: 4th International Conference, ICARIS 2005, Banff, Alberta, Canada, August 14-17, 2005. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Single Gene Controls Sleep Cycles. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/single-gene-controls-sleep-cycles/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Survey of Large- and Medium-Hub Airports on Existing and Planned Bus and Rail Connections, an E-supplement to GAO-05-727. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Saperstein AM. Susceptibility to smoking and nicotine dependence in schizophrenia. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
McKINLEY JC Jr. Actor Set to Have Key Role In Man’s Drug Murder Trial. New York Times 2017:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
AbbreviationTravel Med. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)1477-8939
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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