How to format your references using the Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Feldbaum C. Biotechnology. Some history should be repeated. Science 2002;295:975.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mbadugha CA, Onakoya AO. The awareness, perceptions and experiences of primary open angle glaucoma patients in Lagos Nigeria. Sci Rep 2014;4:7585.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Obayashi M, Yoshimitsu J, Fukao Y. Tearing of stagnant slab. Science 2009;324:1173–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Diaz-Herraiz M, Jurado V, Cuezva S, Laiz L, Pallecchi P, Tiano P, et al. The actinobacterial colonization of Etruscan paintings. Sci Rep 2013;3:1440.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cowan JP. The Effects of Sound on People. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Navab N, Jannin P, editors. Information Processing in Computer-Assisted Interventions: First International Conference, IPCAI 2010, Geneva, Switzerland, June 23, 2010. Proceedings. vol. 6135. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Vlachopoulos C. Erectile Dysfunction and Testosterone. In: Viigimaa M, Vlachopoulos C, Doumas M, editors. Erectile Dysfunction in Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease: A Guide for Clinicians, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Scientists Have Turned Spinach Into A Bomb Detector. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Bilingual Education: A New Look at the Research Evidence. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Herman RL. Servant leadership: A model for organizations desiring a workplace spirituality culture. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Etheredge P by G. Voyeur | Christmas Trees. New York Times 2016:RE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
AbbreviationTravel Med. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)1477-8939
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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