How to format your references using the Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang J. Developing excellence: Chinese university reform in three steps. Nature 2014;514:295–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Faccenna C, Becker TW. Shaping mobile belts by small-scale convection. Nature 2010;465:602–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chouard T, Weiss U, Dhand R. Good “omics” for the poor? Nature 2002;419:489.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wagner U, Gais S, Haider H, Verleger R, Born J. Sleep inspires insight. Nature 2004;427:352–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tadros TF. Colloids in Paints. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Robila M, editor. Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Meyer CFJ, Struebig MJ, Willig MR. Responses of Tropical Bats to Habitat Fragmentation, Logging, and Deforestation. In: Voigt CC, Kingston T, editors. Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 63–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease.

Blog post
Andrew E. Origins of Human Heart Beat Traced Back One Billion Years. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: Physical Conditions in School Districts Receiving Impact Aid for Students Residing on Indian Lands. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al khuwaildi HA. Green techniques in the healthcare system. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Woideck G. Buddha Provides Tap Shoes. New York Times 2016:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
AbbreviationTravel Med. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)1477-8939
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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