How to format your references using the Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Keeling PJ. Genomics. Deep questions in the tree of life. Science 2007;317:1875–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schuur EAG, Abbott B. Climate change: High risk of permafrost thaw. Nature 2011;480:32–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mendell JT, ap Rhys CMJ, Dietz HC. Separable roles for rent1/hUpf1 in altered splicing and decay of nonsense transcripts. Science 2002;298:419–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhao Z-D, Yang Z, Zhang Z, Zhou T, Huang Z-G, Lai Y-C. Emergence of scaling in human-interest dynamics. Sci Rep 2013;3:3472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lade PV. Triaxial Testing of Soils. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Knight C. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans People (LGBT) and the Criminal Justice System. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hamadeh A, Gonçalves J, Stan G-B. Analysis of Synchronizing Biochemical Networks via Incremental Dissipativity. In: Kulkarni VV, Stan G-B, Raman K, editors. A Systems Theoretic Approach to Systems and Synthetic Biology II: Analysis and Design of Cellular Systems, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 117–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Chimpanzee Thievery Caught On Film. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/chimpanzee-thievery-caught-film/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Natural Gas Pipeline Safety: Risk-Based Standards Should Allow Operators to Better Tailor Reassessments to Pipeline Threats. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Christian TM. Under the Navajo stars: The intersection of mythic narratives, archaeology, and star ceilings. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Leland J. World Chess Smackdown! Be There! New York Times 2016:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
AbbreviationTravel Med. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)1477-8939
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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