How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richman, D.D., 2001. HIV chemotherapy. Nature 410, 995–1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leuenberger, M.N., Loss, D., 2001. Quantum computing in molecular magnets. Nature 410, 789–793.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lackner, L.L., Horner, J.S., Nunnari, J., 2009. Mechanistic analysis of a dynamin effector. Science 325, 874–877.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wittman, D.M., Tyson, J.A., Kirkman, D., Dell’Antonio, I., I., Bernstein, G., 2000. Detection of weak gravitational lensing distortions of distant galaxies by cosmic dark matter at large scales. Nature 405, 143–148.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borisenko, V.E., Ossicini, S., 2012. What is What in the Nanoworld. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bondyrev, I.V., 2015. The Geography of Georgia: Problems and Perspectives, World Regional Geography Book Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tracqui, P., Namy, P., Ohayon, J., 2007. In Vitro Tubulogenesis of Endothelial Cells: Analysis of a Bifurcation Process Controlled by a Mechanical Switch, in: Deutsch, A., Brusch, L., Byrne, H., Vries, G. de, Herzel, H. (Eds.), Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems, Volume I: Cellular Biophysics, Regulatory Networks, Development, Biomedicine, and Data Analysis, Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part C.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. This Pain-Riddled Duck-Billed Dinosaur Suffered From Severe Arthritis 70 Million Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Reasons for Lack of Replacement for Failed Weather Satellite (No. RCED-84-198). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baumgarten, D.K., 2013. An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Typically Chummy Ritual Offers Moment of Catharsis. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Richman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Leuenberger and Loss, 2001; Richman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leuenberger and Loss, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wittman et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part C
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol.
ISSN (print)0968-090X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering

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