How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson, K., 2015. Structure: Artificial armour. Nature 519, S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitt, J.N., Ferré-D’Amaré, A.R., 2010. Rapid construction of empirical RNA fitness landscapes. Science 330, 376–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas, J., Creamer, W., Ruiz, A., 2004. Dating the Late Archaic occupation of the Norte Chico region in Peru. Nature 432, 1020–1023.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, B., Zhang, Y., Wang, Z., Wang, D., Baker, P.J., Pratt, F.L., Zhu, D., 2014. Candidate quantum spin liquid due to dimensional reduction of a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice. Sci. Rep. 4, 6451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yaacoub, E.E., Dawy, Z., 2012. Resource Allocation in Uplink OFDMA Wireless Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bandyopadhyay, P.S., 2016. Belief, Evidence, and Uncertainty: Problems of Epistemic Inference, 1st ed. 2016. ed, SpringerBriefs in Philosophy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Badouel, E., Bernardinello, L., Darondeau, P., 2015. Variations of Elementary Net Synthesis, in: Bernardinello, L., Darondeau, P. (Eds.), Petri Net Synthesis, Texts in Theoretical Computer Science. An EATCS Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 121–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part C.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. China To Encourage Its Citizens To Eat 50 Percent Less Meat [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Restructuring of the District of Columbia Department of Public Works’ Division of Transportation (No. GAO-01-347R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lamanna, C.A., 2012. The structure and function of subalpine ecosystems in the face of climate change (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. The Met Stars in Its West Side Story. New York Times AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanderson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pitt and Ferré-D’Amaré, 2010; Sanderson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitt and Ferré-D’Amaré, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part C
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol.
ISSN (print)0968-090X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering

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