How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christofori, G., 2006. New signals from the invasive front. Nature 441, 444–450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carbone, F.R., Gebhardt, T., 2014. Immunology. A neighborhood watch upholds local immune protection. Science 346, 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morens, D.M., Subbarao, K., Taubenberger, J.K., 2012. Engineering H5N1 avian influenza viruses to study human adaptation. Nature 486, 335–340.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Onoa, B., Dumont, S., Liphardt, J., Smith, S.B., Tinoco, I., Jr, Bustamante, C., 2003. Identifying kinetic barriers to mechanical unfolding of the T. thermophila ribozyme. Science 299, 1892–1895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn, D.M., 2016. Judges. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, USA.
An edited book
Weyand, B., Dominici, M., Hass, R., Jacobs, R., Kasper, C. (Eds.), 2013. Mesenchymal Stem Cells - Basics and Clinical Application II, Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Belem, J.M.F.M., Savioli, B., de Souza, A.W.S., 2016. Search for Autoantibodies in Systemic Vasculitis: Is It Useful?, in: Dammacco, F., Ribatti, D., Vacca, A. (Eds.), Systemic Vasculitides: Current Status and Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 29–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part C.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Republicans Withdraw Plan To Sell Off 3.3 Million Acres Of Public Land After Intense Opposition [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Maritime Administration: Stronger Management Controls Needed Over Vessels in Title XI Custody (No. RCED-92-147). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prima, M.B., 2012. Waiting for Lefty: Adversity and the American Dream (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., 2013. Dancer Held in Acid Attack on Bolshoi Director. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christofori, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Carbone and Gebhardt, 2014; Christofori, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carbone and Gebhardt, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Onoa et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part C
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol.
ISSN (print)0968-090X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering

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