How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt, C., 2015. Immunology: Another shot at cancer. Nature 527, S105-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox, C.M., Chao, B.F., 2002. Detection of a large-scale mass redistribution in the terrestrial system since 1998. Science 297, 831–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weng, J.-K., Philippe, R.N., Noel, J.P., 2012. The rise of chemodiversity in plants. Science 336, 1667–1670.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, A.L., Chen, X., Hoon, M.A., Chandrashekar, J., Guo, W., Tränkner, D., Ryba, N.J.P., Zuker, C.S., 2006. The cells and logic for mammalian sour taste detection. Nature 442, 934–938.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sears, R.W., Chard, K.M., 2016. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Walker, R.H., Saiki, S., Danek, A. (Eds.), 2008. Neuroacanthocytosis Syndromes II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosario, T.C., Dorsey, J.M., 2016. Superpowers, Regional Hegemons, Ethno-Nations, and Sectarian States: Identity Politics in Transition Regimes, in: Dorsey, J.M. (Ed.), Comparative Political Transitions between Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa: Lost in Transition. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 89–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part C.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. South African MeerKAT Telescope Returns First Image Of Nearly 1,300 New Galaxies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. SBA Loan Monitoring System: Substantial Progress Yet Key Risks and Challenges Remain (No. AIMD-00-124). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kunihiro, A.G., 2014. The relationship between dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid intake and colorectal cancer (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. Teaching Web-Savvy Students to Develop Fake-News Filters. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmidt, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cox and Chao, 2002; Schmidt, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cox and Chao, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part C
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol.
ISSN (print)0968-090X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering

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