How to format your references using the Transportation Research Part C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transportation Research Part C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D., 2004. Nuts and bolts. Reference points. Nature 428, 104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takagi, H., Hwang, H.Y., 2010. An emergent change of phase for electronics. Science 327, 1601–1602.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dally, J.M., Emery, N.J., Clayton, N.S., 2006. Food-caching western scrub-jays keep track of who was watching when. Science 312, 1662–1665.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Festenstein, R., Pagakis, S.N., Hiragami, K., Lyon, D., Verreault, A., Sekkali, B., Kioussis, D., 2003. Modulation of heterochromatin protein 1 dynamics in primary Mammalian cells. Science 299, 719–721.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickson, E.F.G., 2012. Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nersisyan, H., 2007. Interactions Between Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field: A Theoretical Approach to Ion Stopping in Magnetized Plasmas. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sebastião, D., Martijn Kuipers, B.W., Correia, L.M., 2015. Exposure Assessment in Heterogeneous Networks Accounting for up- and Downlinks, in: Agüero, R., Zinner, T., García-Lozano, M., Wenning, B.-L., Timm-Giel, A. (Eds.), Mobile Networks and Management: 7th International Conference, MONAMI 2015, Santander, Spain, September 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transportation Research Part C.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Seven Ways That Chemistry Puts The Magic Into Christmas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Aviation Safety: FAA Has Not Fully Implemented Weather-Related Recommendations (No. RCED-98-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diorio, C.A., 2010. The silent scream of Medusa: Restoring, or re-storying, her voice (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Canada Dominant in Curling. New York Times D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Koen, 2004; Takagi and Hwang, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takagi and Hwang, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Festenstein et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransportation Research Part C
AbbreviationTransp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol.
ISSN (print)0968-090X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering

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