How to format your references using the International Journal of Paleopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Paleopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smil, V., 2000. Horse power. Nature 405, 125.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, P., Hendler, J., 2011. Changing the equation on scientific data visualization. Science 331, 705–708.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannard, O., Kraman, M., Fearon, D.T., 2009. Secondary replicative function of CD8+ T cells that had developed an effector phenotype. Science 323, 505–509.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pondaven, P., Ragueneau, O., Treguer, P., Hauvespre, A., Dezileau, L., Reyss, J.L., 2000. Resolving the “opal paradox” in the Southern Ocean. Nature 405, 168–172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth, M., Krämer, N., 2016. Hygiene in der Arzneimittelproduktion. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Majumder, P., Mitra, M., Bhattacharyya, P., Subramaniam, L.V., Contractor, D., Rosso, P. (Eds.), 2013. Multilingual Information Access in South Asian Languages: Second International Workshop, FIRE 2010, Gandhinagar, India, February 19-21, 2010 and Third International Workshop, FIRE 2011, Bombay, India, December 2-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cropper, A., Muggleton, S.H., 2015. Logical Minimisation of Meta-Rules Within Meta-Interpretive Learning, in: Davis, J., Ramon, J. (Eds.), Inductive Logic Programming: 24th International Conference, ILP 2014, Nancy, France, September 14-16, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 62–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Paleopathology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Watch Live As Solar Impulse Ends Its Sun-Powered Flight Around The World [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Fiscal Year 2014 Agreed-Upon Procedures: Excise Tax Distributions to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund and the Highway Trust Fund (No. GAO-15-152R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borogovac, A., 2010. Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Nielsen Tackles a Mystery: Netflix Ratings. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smil, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fox and Hendler, 2011; Smil, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox and Hendler, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Pondaven et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Paleopathology
AbbreviationInt. J. Paleopathol.
ISSN (print)1879-9817
Scope

Other styles