How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
D’Amico N. Astronomy. Pinpointing gravity. Science 2009; 323: 1299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chemla DS and Shah J. Many-body and correlation effects in semiconductors. Nature 2001; 411: 549–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Moritz RE, Bitz CM, and Steig EJ. Dynamics of recent climate change in the Arctic. Science 2002; 297: 1497–502.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Pansieri C, Pandolfini C, Elie V, Turner MA, Kotecha S, Jacqz-Aigrain E, et al. Ureaplasma, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and azithromycin in European neonatal intensive care units: a survey. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hagen J. Chemiereaktoren. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2004.
An edited book
1.
Nguyen NT, Borzemski L, Grzech A, and Ali M, editors. New Frontiers in Applied Artificial Intelligence: 21st International Conference on Industrial, Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2008 Wrocław, Poland, June 18-20, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pace JL, Hennrikus WL, and Kocher MS. Surgical Treatment of Patellar Instability in Skeletally Immature Athletes. In: West RV, Colvin AC, eds. The Patellofemoral Joint in the Athlete. New York, NY: Springer, 2014. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Signaling.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Cassini Snaps Best Ever Image Of Saturn’s Odd Moon Pandora. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/space/cassini-snaps-best-ever-image-of-saturns-odd-moon-pandora/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Claim of Raines High School for Advertisements Placed in the School Yearbook and Newspaper. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bailoor S. Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver. 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. Pro Football; Jets Sign McCown. New York Times. 2017; B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Signaling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Signal.
ISSN (online)1750-2187
ScopeBiochemistry
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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