How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Curry S. Journal club. A crystallographer takes a jaunt into immunology. Nature 2009; 457: 133.
A journal article with 2 authors
Relling MV and Evans WE. Pharmacogenomics in the clinic. Nature 2015; 526: 343–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gauld SB, Dal Porto JM, and Cambier JC. B cell antigen receptor signaling: roles in cell development and disease. Science 2002; 296: 1641–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gustafsson FS, Whiteside MD, Jiranek V, and Durall DM. Development and use of a quantum dot probe to track multiple yeast strains in mixed culture. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peter M and Scheer C. Holzbau-Taschenbuch. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2015.
An edited book
Fernandez B. Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus: A Sixty Year Journey 1896 — 1956. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Scata KA and El-Deiry WS. p53, BRCA1 and Breast Cancer Chemoresistance. In: Yu D, Hung M-C, eds. Breast Cancer Chemosensitivity. New York, NY: Springer, 2007. 70–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Signaling.

Blog post
Hale T. Can You Figure Out How This Viral ‘Infinite Chocolate’ Trick Works? IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Productivity, Science and Technology: Keys to U.S. Economic Growth. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Momcheva IG. Environments of strong gravitational lenses. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M and Walsh MW. Surpluses Help, But Fiscal Woes For States Go On. New York Times. 2013; A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Signaling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Signal.
ISSN (online)1750-2187
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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