How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacWilliams B. It’s a dog’s life for Siberian foxes. Nature 2001; 412: 845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirchmaier AL and Rine J. DNA replication-independent silencing in S. cerevisiae. Science 2001; 291: 646–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Swan A, Cockerill M, and Sipp D. Advocacy: How to hasten open access. Nature 2013; 495: 442–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Keller A, Rackwitz J, Cauët E, Liévin J, Körzdörfer T, Rotaru A, et al. Sequence dependence of electron-induced DNA strand breakage revealed by DNA nanoarrays. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 7391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire P and Hampton D. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Flynn JT, Ingelfinger JR, and Portman RJ, editors. Pediatric Hypertension. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Hong Y. Gender Inequality and Ethnicity. In: Lee JC-K, Yu Z, Huang X, Law EH-F, eds. Educational Development in Western China: Towards Quality and Equity. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2016. 77–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Signaling.

Blog post
Andrew D. Man Straps Drones Together To Create A DIY Hovercraft. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Citizenship and Residency Requirements for Government Student Loans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Otarola AC. The effects of turbulence in an absorbing atmosphere on the propagation of microwave signals used in an active sounding system. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Old Graveyards Suffering The Ravages of Vandalism. New York Times. 2007; WE15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Signaling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Signal.
ISSN (online)1750-2187
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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