How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett AJ. The quantum measurement problem. Science 2005; 307: 871–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale JE and Earle PS. Fine-scale heterogeneity in the Earth’s inner core. Nature 2000; 404: 273–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lisiecki LE, Raymo ME, and Curry WB. Atlantic overturning responses to Late Pleistocene climate forcings. Nature 2008; 456: 85–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee CH, Kim J-H, Zou C, Cho IS, Weisse JM, Nemeth W, et al. Peel-and-stick: mechanism study for efficient fabrication of flexible/transparent thin-film electronics. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini M and Toffanin S. Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016.
An edited book
Leong FTL, Pickren WE, Leach MM, and Marsella AJ, editors. Internationalizing the Psychology Curriculum in the United States. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Gunasekara AS, Rubin AL, Goh KS, Spurlock FC, and Tjeerdema RS. Environmental Fate and Toxicology of Carbaryl. In: Whitacre DM, ed. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Vol 196. New York, NY: Springer US, 2008. 95–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Signaling.

Blog post
Andrew E. Wearing Skinny Jeans Could Lead To Permanent Nerve Damage. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Benefits Realized for Selected Health Care Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dallara A. The ‘femme-homme’ of the French Revolution: Gender boundaries and masculinization. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gimenez S. When a Decision Letter Is From Mom’s Alma Mater. New York Times. 2011; A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Signaling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Signal.
ISSN (online)1750-2187
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

Other styles