How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt D. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Evolution of vertebrate transcriptional regulator binding. Science 2013; 342: 1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weissleder R and Pittet MJ. Imaging in the era of molecular oncology. Nature 2008; 452: 580–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bibring J-P, Squyres SW, and Arvidson RE. Planetary science. Merging views on Mars. Science 2006; 313: 1899–901.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sharon E, Roman B, Marder M, Shin G-S, and Swinney HL. Mechanics. Buckling cascades in free sheets. Nature 2002; 419: 579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good PI. Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and R/S-Plus®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Deza MM. Encyclopedia of Distances. 2nd ed. 2013. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lim WJ, Jambek AB, Neoh SC, Malek MF, Abdullah AZ, Noorpi NSM, et al. Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm 2 in Optimizing Ninth Order Multiple Feedback Chebyshev Low Pass Filter. In: Sulaiman HA, Othman MA, Abd. Aziz MZA, Abd Malek MF, eds. Theory and Applications of Applied Electromagnetics: APPEIC 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015. 31–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Signaling.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Tremendous Gas Tsunami Witnessed In The Perseus Cluster. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Progress On and Challenges to Central Artery/Tunnel Project’s Costs and Financing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khalili A. Spectrally formulated user-defined element in Abaqus for wave motion analysis and health monitoring of composite structures. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Chira S. What Women Lost. New York Times. 2016; SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Signaling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Signal.
ISSN (online)1750-2187
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

Other styles